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Campolungo, Piumogna Valley, Leventina, Ticino, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Campolungo- not defined -
Piumogna ValleyValley
Leventina- not defined -
TicinoCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 27' 33'' North , 8° 43' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Prato432 (2013)3.9km
Dalpe179 (2016)4.6km
Osco109 (2016)6.1km
Faido1,512 (2017)6.6km
Chiggiogna410 (2013)7.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Campolungo, Val Piumogna, Leventina, Ticino (Tessin), Svizzera (Schweiz; Suisse)


The upper part of the Piumogna valley, including the Campolungo pass (leading into the Sambuco valley = upper Lavizzara valley), the Pizzo Campolungo (2714 m, swiss coordinates 698´380 / 146´145) and the Campolungo Alp.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

11 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Description: A specimen of chrysoberyl on fine-grained dolomite kept at the Natural History Museum of Milan, Italy, reputedly comes from this locality.
Reference: Artini, E. (1920): Atti. Accad.naz. Lincei, Rend. Cl. fis. mat. nat. 29, 77-80.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: http://gemexplorer.org/archives/campolungo-switzerland
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: Pink
Reference: http://gemexplorer.org/archives/campolungo-switzerland
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Habit: Prismatic and tabular, striated crystals to 1 cm
Colour: Colourless, pale yellow, pale purple
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 134.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 134.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 416.
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: Inclusions in tremolite.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 412.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 245.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 373.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 245.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 245.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 303.
Tremolite (TL)
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Identified by Pini as 'scerlo bianco' (= white schorl) from 'Valle Maggia'.
Reference: Pini, E. (1790) Di alcuni fossili singolari della Lombardia Austriaca e di altre parti d'Italia. Milano, Marelli.; Stalder, H.A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998) Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel).; Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tremolite (TL)9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite (TL)66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
ClChlorine
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Unknown
Ma



ID: 2346984
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metasedimente

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Lithology: Gneiss and mica schist

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3131194
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192871
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pini, E. (1790) Di alcuni fossili singolari della Lombardia Austriaca e di altre parti d'Italia. Milano, Marelli.
Von Buch L. (1809) Der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin Magazin für die neuesten Entdeckungen in der gesammten Naturkunde, 3, p. 172.
Gübelin, E. (1939) Die Mineralien im Dolomit von Campolungo (Tessin). Schweizerische Mineralogische Petrographische Mitteilungen 19, 325-442.
Bianconi, F. (1971) Geologia e petrografia della regione del Campolungo. Mat. Carta Geol. Svizzera, Nuova Ser. 142, 237 p.
Bianconi, F. (1987) Ermenegildo Pini e la tremolite del Campolungo. L’Almanacco 1986, no. 6, 192-196.
Rovetti, A., Rovetti, I., and Pacciorini, M. (1994) Campolungo, Schweiz: Neufund der größten Korund-Kristalle der Alpen. Lapis 19(9), 35-40.
Roth, P. (2006) The early history of tremolite. Axis: 2(3): 1-10.

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