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Viscaria Mine, Kiruna, Lappland, Sweden

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 52' 40'' North , 20° 8' 25'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.87769,20.14029
GeoHash:G#: ukn64kc8n
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Viscariagruvan


A copper mine once owned and operated by LKAB Viscaria AB. Started 1983. Produced 1.25 million tons ore yielding 93,000 tons Cu concentrate (1983). Later sold to Outukumpu OY and closed 1997.

Named after a flower, Viscaria alpina (Lychnis alpina, "copper flower"), which indicated copper content in the ground.

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,003 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apophyllite'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16; Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Olof Martinsson (2000) Metallogeny of the northern Norrbotten Fe-Cu-Au-ore province. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16; Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
'Scapolite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: No reference listed
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Chalcoalumite'7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
'Devilline'7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Thaumasite'7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 633825
Sedimentary; Sedimentary: undivided

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Mica schist, graphitic quartzite, siltstone, shungite, dolostone, limestone, metabasalt and metarhyolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3157787
Proterozoic I schist

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{schist group}, Minor{basalt group,dolerite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2633331

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Norrbotten lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Basalt, andesite, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185250
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks; quartzite,graphitic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985): 505.
Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16
Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Martinsson, O. (2000): Metallogeny of the northern Norrbotten Fe-Cu-Au-ore province. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).


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