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Viscaria Mine, Kiruna town, Kiruna district, Kiruna, Norrbotten County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Viscaria MineMine
Kiruna townTown
Kiruna districtMining District
KirunaMunicipality
Norrbotten CountyCounty
SwedenCountry
Viscaria Mine, Kiruna town, Kiruna district, Lappland Province, Sweden

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
67° 52' 40'' North , 20° 8' 25'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kiruna17,037 (2017)4.3km
Tuolluvaara979 (2017)8.7km
Jukkasjärvi607 (2017)20.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Viscariagruvan


A copper mine once owned and operated by LKAB Viscaria AB. Started 1983. Produced 1.25 million tons ore yielding 93,000 tons Cu concentrate (1983). Later sold to Outukumpu OY and closed 1997.

Named after a flower, Viscaria alpina (Lychnis alpina, "copper flower"), which indicated copper content in the ground.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apophyllite'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16; Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Olof Martinsson (2000) Metallogeny of the northern Norrbotten Fe-Cu-Au-ore province. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16; Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
'Scapolite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: No reference listed
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BaryteBaSO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985): 505.
Thorin, Lennart (1989): Några ovanligare mineral i Lapplandsgruvorna. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 15-16
Martinsson, O. (1991): Geological and geochemical evidence for the genesis of the Viscaria Cu-deposit, northern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113: 58-59.
Thorin, L. (1994): Cuprit från Viscariagruvan. Berg & Mineral. 4 (nr 7), 26
Martinsson, O. (2000): Metallogeny of the northern Norrbotten Fe-Cu-Au-ore province. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Sweden

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