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Braemar sapphire deposit, Elsmore, Gough Co., New South Wales, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 29° 47' 23'' South , 151° 17' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -29.79, 151.293055556

Located approximately 2.5km North-East of Elsmore.
Located in the parish of Swan Brook.
Operated as shallow pits, dredging and sluicing 1968 to 1990s
Placer deposit.

Mineral List

6 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

0 - 66 Ma
mafic volcanic rocks 38495

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Description: Volcanic rocks, predominantly mafic; basalt, trachyte, trachybasalt, trachyandesite, leucitite, basanite, nephelinite, limburgite, rhyolite, tuff and high level intrusives; rare volcaniclastic sediments

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W. and Stroud, W.J. (1997) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Inverell Metallogenic Map (SH/56-5). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.

Map sheets: SH 56-5, 9138-II-N.

Lishmund, S.R. & Oakes, G.M. (1983) Diamonds, sapphires and Cretaceous/Tertiary diatremes in New South Wales. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Quarterly Notes 53,p.23-27.

McMinn, A. (1989) Tertiary palynology of a sample from Glen Innes DDH 10 (Palnologicla Report 90/05. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Report GS1989/223 (unpublished).

Coenraads, R.R. (1990) Palaeogeography of the Braemar deep-lead sapphire depoist, New South Wales. Royal Society of New South Wales, Journal and Proceedings 123, pp 75-84.

Coenraads, R.R. (1990) Key areas for alluvial diamnods and sapphire exploration in the New England gemfields, New South Wales, Australia. Economic Geology 85, pp 1186-1207.

NSW Geological Survey Report GS1988/248.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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