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Silberwald (Le Sattel), Stosswihr, Fecht valley (Munster valley), Haut-Rhin, Grand Est, Francei
Regional Level Types
Silberwald (Le Sattel)- not defined -
Stosswihr- not defined -
Fecht valley (Munster valley)Valley
Haut-RhinDepartment
Grand EstRegion
FranceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Silberwald (Le Sattel), Stosswihr, Vallée de la Fecht (Vallée de Munster), Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 2' 29'' North , 7° 2' 58'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.04139,7.04944
GeoHash:G#: u0t123tjr
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Muhlbach-sur-Munster753 (2018)3.0km
Metzeral1,109 (2018)3.6km
Stosswihr1,366 (2018)4.0km
Breitenbach-Haut-Rhin887 (2018)4.4km
Soultzeren1,145 (2018)4.7km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Alsace


Ancient silver and antimony mines, started well before 1517 (possibly in the 13th century) and abandoned in the early 17th century. Attempts to re-work some of the mines in 1900 remained unsuccessful. Historic documents dating back to the 16th century mention up to nine active mines in the area around Stosswihr, both in the Silberwald and Lehmatt deposits. Systematic archaeological exploration works, started in 1972, led to the re-discovery of five mines in the Silberwald area. Their names are "Auf der Reben", "Auf der Eyl", "Im Wildfang", "Tiergarten" and "Zum Lauch".

The deposit consists of two NNE-SSW trending quartz veins hosted by pyrite- and arsenopyrite-bearing granite. The western vein, which was the more important, was up to 20 m wide. The main ore was stibnite, accompanied by freibergite as the major source of copper and silver.

Located in the forest between Le Sattel and Gaschney mountain.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Osenbach, Stahlberg and Stosswihr. Aufschluss 48 (3), 183-192. (in German)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Osenbach, Stahlberg and Stosswihr. Aufschluss 48 (3), 183-192. (in German)
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Osenbach, Stahlberg and Stosswihr. Aufschluss 48 (3), 183-192. (in German)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Th. Brunsperger Collection
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Plagionite3.6.20.2Pb5Sb8S17
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O AnataseTiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S StibniteSb2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S AnglesitePbSO4
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AgSilver
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Pb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186974
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Carboniferous - Late Devonian
298.9 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 2618662

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: plutonic

Comments: Variscan granite

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3139566
peraluminous syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- FRICKE, G. (1985): Mineralienfunde in den Vogesen. - Aufschluss 36, 1-17.
- FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
- HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse.
- U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Osenbach, Stahlberg and Stosswihr. Aufschluss 48 (3), 183-192. (in German)


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