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Heidenbach, Munster, Fecht valley (Munster valley), Haut-Rhin, Grand Est, Francei
Regional Level Types
Heidenbach- not defined -
Munster- not defined -
Fecht valley (Munster valley)Valley
Haut-RhinDepartment
Grand EstRegion
FranceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Heidenbach, Munster, Vallée de la Fecht (Vallée de Munster), Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 3' 1'' North , 7° 8' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.05028,7.14556
GeoHash:G#: u0t16e71p
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Munster5,162 (2018)1.2km
Hohrod337 (2018)1.6km
Eschbach-au-Val394 (2018)2.3km
Gunsbach829 (2018)2.3km
Griesbach-au-Val773 (2018)2.6km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Alsace


Ancient copper and silver mines, started in 1472. In 1518, the deposit was worked by four mines, and in 1571, there were fifteen mines active in the area. Nevertheless, they all appear to have been abandoned by the end of the 16th century. In the late 17th century, the mines were unsuccessfully re-worked for a short period of time. Another attempt to re-work the deposit in 1900 was unsuccessful as well.

The mines appear to have explored a group of small quartz-baryte veins, carrying mainly argentiferous tetrahedrite and minor chalcopyrite. The most abundant secondary minerals are azurite and malachite. The deposit is located in the valley of Heidenbach, a small side valley branching from the Fecht valley just north of Munster. Relics of ancient workings were discovered in the vicinity of the cemetery, and there is also a dump remaining in the upper valley.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Habit: primatic
Colour: Apple green, green or olive green are less common
Reference: Nicolas Meisser, Lausanne Geologic Museum
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: dark blue
Reference: Nicolas Meisser, Lausanne Geologic Museum
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Nicolas Meisser Analysis, Lausanne Geological Museum.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Eulytine
Formula: Bi4(SiO4)3
Habit: spheric, tretrahedric or pseudocubic
Colour: green
Reference: Nicolas Meisser, Lausanne Geologique Museum
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger.
'Mixite Group'
Reference: Th. Brunsperger collection
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Th. Brunsperger collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Atelestite8.BO.15Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Eulytine9.AD.40Bi4(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Mixite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Atelestite41.11.5.1Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Eulytine51.5.4.1Bi4(SiO4)3
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Mixite Group'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtelestiteBi2(AsO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O AtelestiteBi2(AsO4)O(OH)
O EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S CovelliteCuS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S EmplectiteCuBiS2
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CaCalcium
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cu EmplectiteCuBiS2
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As AtelestiteBi2(AsO4)O(OH)
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
AgSilver
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
BiBismuth
Bi AtelestiteBi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Bi EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi EmplectiteCuBiS2
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3191396
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Carboniferous - Late Devonian
298.9 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 2618662

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: plutonic

Comments: Variscan granite

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3157086
peraluminous syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994


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