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Kantishna Hills lode deposits, Kantishna Hills District, Denali NP and Preserve, Denali Borough, Alaska, USAi
Regional Level Types
Kantishna Hills lode depositsGroup of Deposits
Kantishna Hills DistrictMining District
Denali NP and Preserve- not defined -
Denali BoroughBorough
AlaskaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
63° North , 150° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~175km
Locality type:
Group of Deposits


Center of the belt of lode deposits is at an elevation of 3,200 feet.
Exploration for the lode deposits began shortly after the discovery of placer deposits in 1905.
Several rich deposits found before 1916 but had negligible recorded production.
Short period of mining occurred in the early 1920's after discovery of rich deposits at the Little Annie, Red Top, and Alpha mines.
Spurt of mining accompanied development of Banjo Mine before WW2.
Final stage of mining occurred in the 1970's and 1980's after gold was freed on the markets and before litigation that terminated mining in the Kantishna Hills District in 1985.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
SSulfur
S ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
GeGermanium
Ge ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AgSilver
Ag ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe22+Sb4S12
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14

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