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Grand Tower Mine (Legal Tender), Magdalena District, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Grand Tower Mine (Legal Tender)Mine
Magdalena DistrictMining District
Socorro Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° 5' 21'' North , 107° 11' 47'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Magdalena911 (2017)5.3km
Lemitar330 (2011)27.5km
Socorro8,722 (2017)28.3km
Polvadera269 (2011)28.4km
Chamizal101 (2011)29.7km


A former mine located in the NW¼SW¼ sec. 31, T2S, R3W, NE of the townsite of Kelly.

Workings include underground openings comprised of a 190 foot deep shaft with about 225 feet of crosscuts and a stoped area 100 feet by 25 feet.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: USGS PP 200(Loughlin,1942)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3192320
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 2810175
Paleozoic rocks, undivided

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., Jones, G.E., and Anderson, O.J., 1997, The Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-0052, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{sedimentary}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Loughlin, G.F. and Koschmann, A.H. (1942), Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.

USGS MRDS Record:10224058
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