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Husky Mine, Elsa, Galena Hill, Mayo mining district, Yukon, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Husky MineMine
Elsa- not defined -
Galena HillHill
Mayo mining districtMining District
YukonFederal Territory
CanadaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 54' 34'' North , 135° 18' 1'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.90972,-135.30028
GeoHash:G#: bgrg94mm5
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dsc : Dry-summer subarctic climate


Former Ag-Pb-Zn mine, now closed and water filled. In spring 1977, "Little Joe" Weinholtzner and Ron Shiletto collected some of the world's finer polybasite and stephanite from Stope 302. There were occurrences of these iridescent crystals in other stopes, and indeed other mines in the camp, but little was saved. Some of the miners are reported to have given wives and girlfriends these iridescent crystals for buttons and brooches.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Mark Mauthner (owns specimen); J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mark Mauthner (owns specimen)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Habit: Pseudohexagonal rosettes
Colour: Irridescent (yellow to green to blue to purple) Gemmy Red
Fluorescence: none
Description: Rosettes to 4cm and single xls to 3.5cm. When held at a certain angle under strong light the irridescence disappears and the basal face turns blood red. One small cabinet, a few miniatures and three dozen thumbnails were recovered from Stope 302. These ar
Reference: J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: Hollow tubes 1x10cm
Reference: J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Mark Mauthner (owns specimen); CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Martins da Pedra specimen, via Mark Mauthner; Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Habit: Rounded orthrhombic prisms, Sometimes in parallel growth and psuedohexagonal twins. Larger xls can be skeletal.
Colour: Irridescent (yellow to green to blue to purple) Black
Fluorescence: none
Description: The largest xls are pseudo hexagonal, to over 4 cm in length and 2 cm in width. Two cabinets, one miniature and a dozen thumbnails were recovered from stope 302.
Reference: J. V. Gregory Lynch (1989) Large-scale hydrothermal zoning reflected in the tetrahedrite-freibergite solid solution, Keno Hill Ag-Pb-Zn district, Yukon Can Mineral 27:383-400; CATHRO, R.. Great Mining Camps of Canada 1. The History and Geology of the Keno Hill Silver Camp, Yukon Territory. Geoscience Canada, North America, 33, sep. 2006.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Oscar Jose Tessari (1979) Model Ages and Applied Whole Rock Geochemistry of Ag-Pb-Zn veins, Keno Hill - Galena Hill Mining Camp, Yukon Territory. MSc Thesis, University of British Columbia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S AcanthiteAg2S
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag SilverAg
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Carboniferous - Devonian
298.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 652183
Sedimentary; Clastic: deltaic and nearshore

Age: Paleozoic (298.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Description: Eastern Alaska, Yukon, Mackenzie region, Selwyn Mountains, Mackenzie Mountains

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Gordey & Makepeace, 2003

Lithology: Sandstone, siltstone, shale, coal; plant fossils; metamorphosed equivalent

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Visean
330.9 - 346.7 Ma



ID: 2044252
Keno Hill Fm

Age: Mississippian (330.9 - 346.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Keno Hill Formation

Comments: Roots (1997) - YGS GM 1997-1

Lithology: Major:: {shale,quartzite}

Reference: Yukon Geological Survey. Yukon Bedrock Geology Map. Yukon Government. [24]

Late Devonian - Early Paleozoic
358.9 - 541 Ma



ID: 3184280
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Besa Assemblage; Cordillaran Foreland Belt

Lithology: Siltstone,shale,carbonate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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