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Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island, Victoria Land, Eastern Antarctica, Antarctica

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 77° 52' 10'' South , 166° 32' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -77.86972,166.55000
GeoHash:G#: pdnmjbnpb
Locality type:Peninsula
Köppen climate type:EF : Ice cap climate


Hut Point Peninsula is about 20 kilometers long and 2 to 4 kilometers wide. It consists of a series of en echelon lines of volcanic cones that extend in a south-southwest direction from Mount Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. The cones are composed of basanite and basanitoid lavas with lesser amounts of hawaiite and phonolite. (Kyle and Treves, 1974)


Late Cenozoic McMurdo Volcanic group - alkali olivine basalt, basanite, trachyte, phonolites.

Regions containing this locality

Antarctic Meteorites

Group of Meteorite Fall Locations - 466 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Am Min 60:722-725
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
'Chabazite'
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: John Rakovan
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Leucoxene
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Reference: Am Min 60:722-725
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cristobalite'4.DA.15SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Gaylussite'5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Chabazite'-
Leucoxene-
Stilbite subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
Leucoxene-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C SideriteFeCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O SideriteFeCO3
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O TridymiteSiO2
O VateriteCaCO3
NaSodium
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
SiSilicon
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca VateriteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
FeIron
Fe RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Fe SideriteFeCO3

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kyle and Treves (1974) Geology of Hut Point Peninsula. Antarctic J. U.S. 9. 232-234.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 722-725.


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