Panarea Island, Lipari, Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands), Messina Province, Sicily, Italy
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|Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.|
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||38° North , 15° East (est.)|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Isola di Panarea, Lipari, Isole Eolie, Messina, Sicilia, Italia|
Panarea is the smallest island in the Aeolian archipelago. It is part of the Panarea volcanic complex, which includes the main island of Panarea in the west, the smaller island Basiluzzo in the northeast and smaller islets (Dattilo, Panarelli, Lisca Bianca, Bottaro, and Lisca Nera) in the east.
Panarea island and the sea floor between the central islets consist predominantly of andesitic and dacitic lava domes, flows and pyroclastics. The youngest pyroclastic deposits (Punta Torrione formation) are between 13 and 42 ka old.
Shallow-water gas venting is widespread in the submerged portion of the Panarea volcanic complex. Hydrothermal discharge is most pronounced in a 2.3 km2 large area between the islets of Dattilo, Panarelli, Lisca Bianca, Bottaro, and Lisca Nera, where numerous shallow marine (<30 m) vents occur. A massive sulfide mineralization, consisting predominantly of pyrite, sphalerite and galena associated with baryte, has been identified (Marani et al., 1997; Savelli et al., 1999). In addition to the massive sulfide mineralization, disseminated sulfides and sulfates, veinlets of pyrite, and siliceous concretions occur in the strongly altered sea floor sediments (Marani et al., 1997; 1999).
4 valid minerals.
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Marani, M.P., Gamberi, F., Savelli, C. (1997) - Shallow-water polymetallic sulfide deposits in the Aeolian island arc. Geology, 25, 815–818.
Marani, M.P., Gamberi, F., Casoni, L., Carrara, G., Landuzzi, V., Musacchio, M., Penitenti, D., Rossi, L., Trua, T. (1999) - New rock and hydrothermal samples from the southern Tyrrhenian Sea: The MAR-98 research cruise. Giornale di Geologia, 61, 3–24.
Savelli, C., Marani, M., Gamberi, F. (1999) - Geochemistry of metalliferous, hydrothermal deposits in the Aeolian arc (Tyrrhenian Sea). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 88, 305-323.