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Cerro Sapo, Ayopaya Province, Cochabamba, Boliviai
Regional Level Types
Cerro SapoMountain
Ayopaya ProvinceProvince
CochabambaDepartment
BoliviaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 16° 56' 50'' South , 66° 52' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -16.94722,-66.87444
GeoHash:G#: 6sbrw4ze2
Locality type:Mountain
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Quime2,404 (2012)36.6km
Colchani1,074 (2012)44.3km


One of the few alkaline provinces in the Andes. The interesting minerals are from a large dike, 2km long, 1 - 5m wide, of pegmatitic ankerite-sodalite-barite carbonatite, which cuts a nepheline syenite intrusion and the surrounding hornfels and slate. Source of all the sodalite beads found in Inca and pre-Inca ruins ranging from Quito (Ecuador) to Tucuman (Argentina).

Regions containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


53 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Habit: 6-pointed stars caused by sector twinning
Colour: dark green
Description: Amesite-2H
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
'Ancylite'
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408; PARTS, O. C. I. W. (1981). C. PREMOLI. Geología y Metalogénesis de los Depósitos y Manifestaciones¡ IlllS Uraníferos de, 245.
'Apatite'
Reference: F. Ahlfeld; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike); Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
'Barkevikite'
Description: Discredited, see amphibole
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Bellbergite
Formula: (K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
'Biotite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: RRUFF burbankite specimen
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Visual ID by Laszlo Horvath.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Analyses by Dr. Anthony Kampf on Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History specimens and Alfredo Petrov specimens; see also Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
'Hornblende'
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Krasnovite
Formula: Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: radial-fibrous spheres
Colour: light blue to white
Reference: Alfredo Petrov and Matthias Rheinlander specimens
Laumontite ?
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Description: (not analysed) Associated with analcime and nordstrandite.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
'Mckelveyite'
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Mckelveyite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony R. Kampf
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408; PARTS, O. C. I. W. (1981). C. PREMOLI. Geología y Metalogénesis de los Depósitos y Manifestaciones¡ IlllS Uraníferos de, 245.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Laszlo Horvath
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Paranatrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: PXRD by John Attard (Attards Minerals)
'Parisite'
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dyke); Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408; PARTS, O. C. I. W. (1981). C. PREMOLI. Geología y Metalogénesis de los Depósitos y Manifestaciones¡ IlllS Uraníferos de, 245.
'Quintinite-1M'
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, July 2016.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Habit: Crystals to 9cm
Colour: blue
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Analyses by Dr. Anthony Kampf on Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History specimens and Alfredo Petrov specimens; see also Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
'Synchysite'
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
'Tetranatrolite'
Reference: PXRD by John Attard (Attard's Minerals)
Thorbastnäsite
Formula: ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Daqingshanite-(Ce)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Mckelveyite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Thorbastnäsite5.BD.20aThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Krasnovite8.DK.35Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bellbergite9.GD.20(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Laumontite ?9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paranatrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Barkevikite' ?-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
'Mckelveyite'-
'Parisite'-
'Quintinite-1M'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tetranatrolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Mckelveyite-(Y)15.3.4.2NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Thorbastnäsite16b.1.2.1ThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Bellbergite77.1.8.1(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Laumontite ?77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Paranatrolite77.1.5.3Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Barkevikite' ?-
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Krasnovite-Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
'Mckelveyite'-
'Parisite'-
'Quintinite-1M'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tetranatrolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
OOxygen
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
O Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
F ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Na Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Na ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Na Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
PPhosphorus
P KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
P Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Ca Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ca ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Sr Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
YYttrium
Y Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Y Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba KrasnoviteBa(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ba OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ba Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Ba Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ba Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
LaLanthanum
La Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3192909
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov (1999) Sodalite from Bolivia. Canadian Gemmologist, 20, #2, 54-56.
Schultz, F., Lehmann, B., Tawackoli, S., Rössling, R., Belyatsky, B., & Dulski, P. (2004). Carbonatite diversity in the Central Andes: the Ayopaya alkaline province, Bolivia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 148(4), 391-408.
Alfredo Petrov (2009) The Cerro Sapo Sodalite Deposit: A Pre-Columbian Gem Mine. (in: Bolivia - the Height of Mineral Collecting. pp 80-84. Lithographie, LLC, Denver, Colorado)


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