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Chivor Mine, Chivor Municipality, Boyacá Department, Colombiai
Regional Level Types
Chivor MineMine
Chivor MunicipalityMunicipality
Boyacá DepartmentDepartment
ColombiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
4° 54' 12'' North , 73° 22' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chivor1,622 (2018)2.0km
Almeida754 (2018)7.6km
Macanal734 (2018)9.4km
Somondoco1,029 (2018)11.5km
Santa María2,238 (2018)12.7km


Located 90 km northeast of Bogota.

"Discovered" by the Spanish conquistadors in 1537 / .

Rediscovered by a Colombian mining engineer in 1896 on the basis of a description of the locality in a 300-year-old manuscript .

Currently the only privately-owned emerald mine in Colombia .

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages.; Morris, N. (2005) Diamonds and other gems. Appleseed Editions, East Sussex.; English ExtraLapis (2002) Emeralds of the World, 36-45.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Colour: brown
Description: Three grains of brown dolomite were analyzed (2017) on a SEM-EDS and all three returned the same composition: (Mg0.49Ca0.48Fe0.03)2(CO3)2
Reference: Jeremie Pfister Collection
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Opal var. Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Parisite'
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages.; English extraLapis Vol. 2 (2002) Emeralds of the World. pp. 36-45.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Parisite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var. Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dolomite
var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Parisite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Dolomite var. Iron-bearing DolomiteCa(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A) In-text Citation No.
Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages.
Symes, R.F., Harding, R.R. (1999) Dorling Kindersley Eyewitness Book, Crystal & Gem, 64 pages.
Morris, N. (2005) Diamonds and Other Gems. Appleseed Editions Ltd, East Sussex, UK, 32 pages.
Groat, L.A., Giuliani, G., Marshall, D.D., and Turner, D. (2008) Emerald deposits and occurrences: A review. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, 87-112.
Weldon, R., Ortiz, J. G., Ottaway, T. (2016) In Rainier’s Footsteps: Journey to the Chivor Emerald Mine. Quarterly Journal of the Gemological Institute of America, 52(2), 168-187.
Lapis (xxxx) 9(4), 9-24.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mine_d%27%C3%A9meraude_de_Chivor
Wikidata ID:Q3314831

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Colombia
North Andes plateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

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