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Chivor Mine, Mun. de Chivor, Guavió-Guatéque mining district, Boyacá Department, Colombiai
Regional Level Types
Chivor MineMine
Mun. de ChivorMunicipality
Guavió-Guatéque mining districtMining District
Boyacá DepartmentDepartment
ColombiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 4° 54' 12'' North , 73° 22' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 4.90361,-73.36889
GeoHash:G#: d2ggfkwms
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Am : Tropical monsoon climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chivor1,622 (2018)2.0km
Almeida754 (2018)7.6km
Macanal734 (2018)9.4km
Somondoco1,029 (2018)11.5km
Santa María2,238 (2018)12.7km


Located 90 km northeast of Bogota. "Discovered" by the Spanish conquistadors in 1537(*).

Regions containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
North Andes plateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Reference: No reference listed
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Morris, N. (2005) Diamonds and other gems. Appleseed Editions, East Sussex.; English extraLapis Vol. 2 (2002) Emeralds of the World. pp 36-45.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Colour: brown
Description: Three grains of brown dolomite were analyzed (2017) on a SEM-EDS and all three returned the same composition: (Mg0.49Ca0.48Fe0.03)2(CO3)2
Reference: Jeremie Pfister Collection
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
'Parisite'
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Parisite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Parisite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3191021
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cenomanian - Berriasian
93.9 - 145 Ma



ID: 2693906
Cretaceous sediments

Age: Cretaceous (93.9 - 145 Ma)

Description: Claystone and black siltstone with minor interbeds of sandstone and limestone. Segments of fine- to coarse-grained quartz arenite and conglomerate

Reference: Gómez Tapias, J. and M.F. Almanza Meléndez. Mapa Geológico de Colombia. Servicio Geológico Colombiano. [125]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis 9(4): 9-24.
(*)Symes, Dr. R.F. & Harding, Dr. R.R. (1999) Eyewitness Guides, Crystal & gem.
Morris, N. (2005) Diamonds and other gems. Appleseed Editions, East Sussex.
Groat, L.A., Giuliani, G., Marshall, D.D., and Turner, D. (2008) Emerald deposits and occurrences: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 87-112.
Weldon, R., Ortiz, J. G., & Ottaway, T. (2016). In Rainier’s Footsteps: Journey to the Chivor Emerald Mine. the Quarterly Journal of the Gemological Institute of America, 52(2), 168-187.


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