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Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Keweenaw PeninsulaPeninsula
MichiganState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Paul Brandes
Key
06141540015221549918106.jpg
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
09670200015222008423863.jpg
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
08567020014959261449336.jpg
On top of Brockway Mountain

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
06141540015221549918106.jpg
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
08307650014947080655774.jpg
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
03651220014947080662861.jpg
On top of Brockway Mountain

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
03557780015222008449267.jpg
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
08307650014947080655774.jpg
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Houghton7,970 (2017)
Hancock4,555 (2017)
Baraga1,996 (2017)
Laurium1,941 (2017)
Ontonagon1,324 (2017)
Dollar Bay1,082 (2017)


This general locality has been created so people who have copper, silver and other specimens from the Keweenaw peninsula but with no specific known locality can associate images with this locality and not have to take a guess and hope that they come from say Keweenaw County. The specimens have a much better chance of having been found in Keweenaw, Houghton and Ontonagon counties than just taking a guess at one of the more specific localities.
[Rock Currier 2009]

The Keweenaw Peninsula lies on the southern flank of the Midcontinent Rift System. The rift system extends some 2200 kilometers from near Detroit, Michigan northwest through lower Michigan, curving through Lake Superior then arching back southwest through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas. Rift filling volcanic and sedimentary rocks on the Keweenaw Peninsula dip moderately toward Lake Superior and the rift, which today is buried under Lake Superior (Bornhorst, 1997). The Portage Lake Volcanics (PLV) are the host rock unit for both native and sulfide copper deposits. The total thickness of the PLV is about 10 kilometers, of which 5 kilometers are exposed on the Keweenaw Peninsula (Cannon, 1992). The Portage Lake Volcanics consist of over 200 subaerial flood basalt lava flows with occasional interflow sediment layers (Bornhorst, 1997). A typical lava flow is about 10 to 20 meters thick and consists of a massive interior and the uppermost 5 to 20% being a vesicular flow top. About one-fourth of the individual flow tops are brecciated (White, 1968). Interflow sandstones and conglomerates, with a thickness of up to 40 meters, make up less than 5 volume percent of the PLV (Merk and Jirsa, 1982). Both the tops of lava flows, especially brecciated zones, and the interflow conglomerates host native copper ore deposits. Massive interiors do not contain copper or secondary minerals except along fractures and faults (Bornhorst, 1997).

Major magmatism and extension along the Midcontinent Rift occurred as a result of rifting over an asthenospheric mantle plume (Hutchinson et. al, 1990). This magmatism occurred from 1109 to 1087 Ma with the PLV being erupted during a 2 to 3 m.y. span around 1095 Ma (Davis and Paces, 1990). On the Keweenaw Peninsula, the PLV is overlain by Oronto Group sediments, including the Copper Harbor Conglomerate, Nonesuch Shale, and Freda Sandstone. The base of the PLV is cut by the once normal, graben bounding Keweenaw Fault, now a major high angle reverse fault with several kilometers of displacement (Bornhorst, 1997). The age of this changeover from normal to reverse motion is about 1060 ± 20 Ma based on Rb-Sr biotite ages (Cannon et. al, 1993). This age corresponds to the Grenville Orogeny on the eastern margin of the continent, where major compression from a continental collision is postulated to have inverted the Keweenaw Fault (Cannon, 1994). Many smaller scale faults and fractures trending along and parallel to the more major Keweenaw Fault are most likely the result of the same compressional event that produced the reverse motion on the Keweenaw Fault.

The Jacobsville Sandstone fills a rift-flanking basin on the southeast side of much of the Keweenaw Peninsula. It was deposited during reverse faulting (Bornhorst and Rose, 1994). The bedrock strata of the Keweenaw Peninsula are, in most places, capped unconformably by unconsolidated Pleistocene glacial deposits consisting of sands and gravels.

Many of the waste rock piles are still accessible to the collector; however, most of the piles are also privately owned, so permission must be obtained before entering. The Keweenaw Peninsula offers collectors a full range of minerals from micromounts to the very large. Although nicknamed "The Copper Country", the Peninsula offers many other minerals besides copper, including silver, datolite, calcite, prehnite, pumpellyite, analcime, and many others.
[Paul Brandes 2011]

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

168 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Travis Olds collection
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Albite var: Peristerite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman King Collection
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthonyite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Williams, S.A. (1963): Anthonyite and calumetite, two new minerals from the Michigan Copper District. American Mineralogist. 48, 614-619; Rocks & Min.:58:109.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Description: Hydrothermal vein.
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Heinrich, 1976. Mineralogy of Michigan.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: R&M 74:3 p160-176
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 172 localities in this region.
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Found as dark blue crusts and coatings on refractory fire brick used during the smelting process.
Reference: Rocks & Min: 91:269
Calumetite (TL)
Formula: CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Reference: Williams, S.A. (1963): Anthonyite and calumetite, two new minerals from the Michigan Copper District. American Mineralogist. 48, 614-619; Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Centennialite (TL)
Formula: CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Crichton, W.A. and Müller, H. (2014) Centennialite, IMA 2013-110. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 168; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170; Crichton, W. & Müller, H. (2017): Centennialite, CaCu3(OH)6Cl2.nH2O, n = 0.7, a new kapellasite-like species, and a reassessment of calumetite. Mineralogical Magazine:, 81: 1105-1124.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 115
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chlorartinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Reference: George W. Robinson and S.M. Carlson (2009) What's New in Michigan Minerals. Presentation at The 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2009.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
Conichalcite ?
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Min Mag (1979) 43:325-331
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 231 localities in this region.
Copper var: Whitneyite
Formula: Cu
Reference: https://www.mindat.org/photo-275158.html
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:276-297
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:112.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Norman King Collection
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 126 localities in this region.
Reference: My general knowledge-Rock Currier
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Faujasite' ?
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Description: Pseudomorph after scheelite
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Fluorapophyllite'
Reference: Heinrich E. W. & Robinson G. W. (2004), Mineralogy of Michigan
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Ref.: Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 63:494; 65:240-243.
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: R&M 74:3 p160-176
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 61:345.
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:112.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Dana 6: 505, 1086; Rocks & Min.: 58: 109 & 124.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hoganite
Formula: Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by David Schuder. PXRD by Tony Kampf. Jason Smith label.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Rocks & min.: 58:111.
'Hornblende'
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jeankempite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Olds, T.A., Kampf, A.R., Dal Bo, F., Burns, P.C. and Gao, X. (2018) Jeankempite, IMA 2018-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxxx–xxxx.
Kamiokite
Formula: Fe2Mo3O8
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kempite
Formula: Mn2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Carlson, S.M., Olds, T.A., Rascona, J., Smith, A.E. (2014) A new locality for volborthite from the Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Michigan. Mineral News, 30, #2, 1ff.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 73 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Koutekite
Formula: Cu5As2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson); Rocks & Minerals 84:298-323.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 385-489
Macfallite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p124]
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 24:643-650 (1939)
Microcline var: Ferruginous Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: AmMin 24:643-650 (1939)
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
'Mohawkite'
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Monazite'
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Heinrich, 1976. Mineralogy of Michigan.
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Heinrich, 1976. Mineralogy of Michigan.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:112.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: My general knowledge-Rock Currier
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & min.: 58:111.
'Orthochamosite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Paxite
Formula: CuAs2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
'Petoskey Stone'
Description: Found in outcrops of Gravel Point formation near Petoskey, but scattered by glaciers around Lakes Michigan and Huron as well as other areas of the lower peninsula.
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
Reference: My general knowledge-Rock Currier
'Pumpellyite'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg # 486
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Mg) var: Chlorastrolite
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Carlson, S.M., Olds, T.A., Rascona, J., Smith, A.E. (2014) A new locality for volborthite from the Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Michigan. Mineral News, 30, #2, 1ff.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrrhotite ?
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 172 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Lake Superior Agate
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Plume Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yalmer Primeau Collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Description: In veins cutting the native copper lodes. Particularly associated with domeykite, nickeline, and other arsenide minerals.
Reference: [MinRec - 23:Michigan 68] Heinrich, E.W., and Robinson, G. W., 2004, Mineralogy of Michigan, 2nd Ed.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Travis Olds collection
Rauenthalite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Rhodochrosite ?
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mins-z.htm
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shuiskite ?
Formula: Ca2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Description: Needs modern confirmation - no existing analysis reported
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U., Simmons, W.B. (2010) New Data on Minerals from the Keeweenaw copper district, MI. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 61:345.
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:58:109.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Description: In Lake Superior clays
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Cores from Lake Superior
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Carlson, S.M., Olds, T.A., Rascona, J., Smith, A.E. (2014) A new locality for volborthite from the Manganese Mine, Copper Harbor, Michigan. Mineral News, 30, #2, 1ff.
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Dana 6:201,373 & 1086; Rocks & Min.:58:111 & 121.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 61:345.
Zeophyllite ?
Formula: Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
var: Whitneyite1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Koutekite2.AA.10dCu5As2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pararammelsbergite2.EB.10eNiAs2
Paxite2.EB.15cCuAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite ?2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite (TL)3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Calumetite (TL)3.DA.40CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Centennialite (TL)3.DA.CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Kempite ?3.DA.10aMn2+2(OH)3Cl
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kamiokite4.CB.40Fe2Mo3O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Plume Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Chalconatronite5.CB.40Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chlorartinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Likasite5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite ?5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Conichalcite ?8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Guérinite8.CJ.75Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Jeankempite (TL)8.CJ.Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Rauenthalite8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Sainfeldite8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vladimirite8.CJ.25Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminoceladonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Macfallite (TL)9.BG.15Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Ferruginous Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
'Orthochamosite'9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
var: Chlorastrolite9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)9.BG.20Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Shuiskite ?9.BG.20Ca2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zeophyllite ?9.EE.70Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Hoganite10.AA.35Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Moolooite10.AB.15Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Faujasite' ?-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fluorapophyllite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Mohawkite'-
'Monazite'-
'Petoskey Stone'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Koutekite2.3.1.1Cu5As2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite ?2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pararammelsbergite2.12.5.1NiAs2
Paxite2.12.5.2CuAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Anthonyite (TL)6.2.6.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Calumetite (TL)6.2.5.1CaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Kamiokite7.6.3.1Fe2Mo3O8
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Kempite ?10.1.4.1Mn2+2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite ?14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Chalconatronite15.2.3.1Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Guérinite39.2.2.2Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Sainfeldite39.2.1.2Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Vladimirite39.2.2.1Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Rauenthalite40.3.11.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite ?41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Moolooite50.1.6.1Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Macfallite (TL)58.2.3.2Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)58.2.2.5Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)58.2.2.8Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Shuiskite ?58.2.2.9Ca2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Zeophyllite ?73.1.4.1Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aluminoceladonite-K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Centennialite (TL)-CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
'Chabazite'-
Chlorartinite-Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copper
var: Whitneyite
-Cu
'Copper Stain'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Faujasite' ?-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fluorapophyllite'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Hoganite-Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
'Hornblende'-
Jeankempite (TL)-Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Ferruginous Microcline
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Mohawkite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthochamosite'-(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
'Petoskey Stone'-
'Pumpellyite'-
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
var: Chlorastrolite
-Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Plume Agate-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
H CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
H CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
H JeankempiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
H MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
H HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
H SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
H OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
H WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
H KempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C VateriteCaCO3
C ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
C HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C GraphiteC
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
C MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
C WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
NNitrogen
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
N LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
O CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
O CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
O JeankempiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
O MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O TenoriteCuO
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Quartz (var: Lake Superior Agate)SiO2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O VateriteCaCO3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
O SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
O KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O CredneriteCuMnO2
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
O WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
O KempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
NaSodium
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Mg ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Al Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Al Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
SiSilicon
Si MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Quartz (var: Lake Superior Agate)SiO2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Si ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AniliteCu7S4
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GreenockiteCdS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Cl CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl KempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Ca CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Ca JeankempiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
Ca MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Ca SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
Ca ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
VVanadium
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Mn Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn CredneriteCuMnO2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn KempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
FeIron
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Cu CalumetiteCaCu4(OH)8Cl2·3.5H2O
Cu CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Cu HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu PaxiteCuAs2
Cu KoutekiteCu5As2
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu Copper (var: Whitneyite)Cu
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu CredneriteCuMnO2
Cu Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As JeankempiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 7H2O
As DomeykiteCu3As
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As NickelineNiAs
As PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
As PaxiteCuAs2
As KoutekiteCu5As2
As SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hinsdale, E.B. (1891): Native Copper of Michigan. Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York 23, 324-338. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/196590]
Bornhorst, T.J. and Rose, W.I. (1994): Self-guided geological field trip to the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 40th Annual Meeting, Houghton, MI, v. 40, part 2, 185 p.
Bornhorst, T.J. (1997): Tectonic context of native copper deposits of the North American Midcontinent Rift System, in Ojakangas, R.W., Dickas, A.B., and Green, J.C., eds., Middle Proterozoic to Cambrian Rifting, Central North America: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 312.
Cannon, W.F. (1992): The Midcontinent rift in the Lake Superior region with emphasis on its geodynamic evolution. Tectonophysics, 213, 41-48.
Cannon, W.F., Peterman, Z.E., and Sims, P.K. (1993): Crustal-scale thrusting and origin of the Montreal River monocline – A 35 km thick cross section of the Midcontinent Rift in northern Michigan and Wisconsin. Tectonophysics, 12, 728-744.
Cannon, W.F. (1994): Closing of the Midcontinent Rift – A far-field effect of Grenvillian contraction. Geology, 22, 155-158.
Davis, D.W. and Paces, J.B. (1990): Time resolution of geologic events on the Keweenaw Peninsula and implications for development of the Midcontinent Rift system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 97, 54-64.
Heinrich, E. W. and Robinson, G. W. (2004): Mineralogy of Michigan. 2nd Edition, 252 pp.
Hutchinson, D.R., White, R.S., Cannon, W.F., and Schultz, K.J. (1990): Keweenaw hot spot: Geophysical evidence for a 1.1 Ga Mantle plume beneath the Midcontinent Rift system. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 10869-10884.
Merk, G.P. and Jirsa, M.A. (1982): Provenance and tectonic significance of the Keweenawan interflow sedimentary rocks: Geological Society of America Memoir 156, 97-105.
White, W.S. (1968): The native copper deposits of northern Michigan. In Ridge, J.D., eds., Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967 (the Graton Sales volume): American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineering, New York, p. 303-325.
Rosemeyer, T. (2011): New from the Keweenaw: Part 4 - Recent Mineral Finds in Michigan's Copper Country. Rocks & Minerals 86, 205-227.

Mindat Articles

Early Exploration on the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan by Paul Brandes
Geology of the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan by Paul Brandes
Porcelaneous Datolite of the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan by Paul Brandes


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