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Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Paul Brandes
Key
Lock Map
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
On top of Brockway Mountain

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
On top of Brockway Mountain

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Copper Country Historical Marker

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Dipping beds of the Copper Harbor Conglomerate

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
Locality type:Peninsula
Museums in region:


This general locality has been created so people who have copper, silver and other specimens from the Keweenaw peninsula but with no specific known locality can associate images with this locality and not have to take a guess and hope that they come from say Keweenaw County. The specimens have a much better chance of having been found in Keweenaw, Houghton and Ontonagon counties than just taking a guess at one of the more specific localities.
[Rock Currier 2009]

The Keweenaw Peninsula lies on the southern flank of the Midcontinent Rift System. The rift system extends some 2200 kilometers from near Detroit, Michigan northwest through lower Michigan, curving through Lake Superior then arching back southwest through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas. Rift filling volcanic and sedimentary rocks on the Keweenaw Peninsula dip moderately toward Lake Superior and the rift, which today is buried under Lake Superior (Bornhorst, 1997). The Portage Lake Volcanics (PLV) are the host rock unit for both native and sulfide copper deposits. The total thickness of the PLV is about 10 kilometers, of which 5 kilometers are exposed on the Keweenaw Peninsula (Cannon, 1992). The Portage Lake Volcanics consist of over 200 subaerial flood basalt lava flows with occasional interflow sediment layers (Bornhorst, 1997). A typical lava flow is about 10 to 20 meters thick and consists of a massive interior and the uppermost 5 to 20% being a vesicular flow top. About one-fourth of the individual flow tops are brecciated (White, 1968). Interflow sandstones and conglomerates, with a thickness of up to 40 meters, make up less than 5 volume percent of the PLV (Merk and Jirsa, 1982). Both the tops of lava flows, especially brecciated zones, and the interflow conglomerates host native copper ore deposits. Massive interiors do not contain copper or secondary minerals except along fractures and faults (Bornhorst, 1997).

Major magmatism and extension along the Midcontinent Rift occurred as a result of rifting over an asthenospheric mantle plume (Hutchinson et. al, 1990). This magmatism occurred from 1109 to 1087 Ma with the PLV being erupted during a 2 to 3 m.y. span around 1095 Ma (Davis and Paces, 1990). On the Keweenaw Peninsula, the PLV is overlain by Oronto Group sediments, including the Copper Harbor Conglomerate, Nonesuch Shale, and Freda Sandstone. The base of the PLV is cut by the once normal, graben bounding Keweenaw Fault, now a major high angle reverse fault with several kilometers of displacement (Bornhorst, 1997). The age of this changeover from normal to reverse motion is about 1060 ± 20 Ma based on Rb-Sr biotite ages (Cannon et. al, 1993). This age corresponds to the Grenville Orogeny on the eastern margin of the continent, where major compression from a continental collision is postulated to have inverted the Keweenaw Fault (Cannon, 1994). Many smaller scale faults and fractures trending along and parallel to the more major Keweenaw Fault are most likely the result of the same compressional event that produced the reverse motion on the Keweenaw Fault.

The Jacobsville Sandstone fills a rift-flanking basin on the southeast side of much of the Keweenaw Peninsula. It was deposited during reverse faulting (Bornhorst and Rose, 1994). The bedrock strata of the Keweenaw Peninsula are, in most places, capped unconformably by unconsolidated Pleistocene glacial deposits consisting of sands and gravels.

Many of the waste rock piles are still accessible to the collector; however, most of the piles are also privately owned, so permission must be obtained before entering. The Keweenaw Peninsula offers collectors a full range of minerals from micromounts to the very large. Although nicknamed "The Copper Country", the Peninsula offers many other minerals besides copper, including silver, datolite, calcite, prehnite, pumpellyite, analcime, and many others.
[Paul Brandes 2011]

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

162 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities:
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
'commodity:Aggregates'
Localities:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities:
Albite var: Peristerite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities:
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Localities:
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities:
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities:
'Amygdaloid'
Localities:
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities:
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities:
'Andesite'
Localities:
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities:
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities:
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Localities:
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities:
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities:
Anthonyite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Localities:
Type Locality:
'Apatite'
Localities:
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Localities:
'Apophyllite'
Localities:
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Localities:
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities:
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities:
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities:
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities:
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Localities:
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities:
'Basalt'
Localities:
'Bastnäsite'
Localities:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities:
'Biotite'
Localities:
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities:
'Bituminous-coal'
Localities:
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities:
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities:
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities:
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities:
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Callaghanite
Formula: Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities:
Calumetite (TL)
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Type Locality:
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Centennialite (TL)
Formula: CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Localities:
Type Locality:
'Chabazite'
Localities:
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities:
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Localities:
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities:
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities:
'Chert'
Localities:
Chlorartinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Localities:
'Chlorite Group'
Localities:
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities:
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities:
'commodity:Clay'
Localities:
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities:
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities:
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities:
'Coal'
Localities:
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities:
'Conglomerate'
Localities:
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities:
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities:
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities:
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Localities:
'Copper Stain'
Localities:
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Localities:
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities:
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Localities:
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities:
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities:
'Dacite'
Localities:
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities:
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Localities:
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities:
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities:
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities:
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Localities:
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities:
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Localities:
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities:
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities:
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities:
'commodity:Fire Clay'
Localities:
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities:
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities:
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities:
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities:
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities:
Gerhardtite
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Localities:
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities:
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities:
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities:
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities:
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities:
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities:
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Localities:
'Greenstone'
Localities:
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Localities:
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities:
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities:
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities:
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities:
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities:
Hoganite
Formula: Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Localities:
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities:
'Hornblende'
Localities:
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Localities:
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities:
Kamiokite
Formula: Fe2Mo3O8
Localities:
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities:
'K Feldspar'
Localities:
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities:
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Localities:
Koutekite
Formula: Cu5As2
Localities:
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities:
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities:
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities:
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities:
Likasite
Formula: Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Localities:
'Limestone'
Localities:
'commodity:Limestone'
Localities:
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities:
Macfallite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Localities:
Type Locality:
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities:
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities:
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities:
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities:
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities:
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities:
'Mica Group'
Localities:
'Mica schist'
Localities:
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Microcline var: Ferruginous Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Localities:
'Mohawkite'
Localities:
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities:
'Monazite'
Localities:
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities:
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities:
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Localities:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities:
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities:
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Localities:
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities:
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities:
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Localities:
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities:
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Localities:
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities:
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Localities:
'Orthochamosite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Localities:
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Paramelaconite
Formula: Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Localities:
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Localities:
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Localities:
Paxite
Formula: CuAs2
Localities:
'Petoskey Stone'
Localities:
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Localities:
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities:
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Localities:
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Localities:
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities:
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities:
'Pumpellyite'
Localities:
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities:
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities:
Pumpellyite-(Mg) var: Chlorastrolite
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities:
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities:
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities:
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities:
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Agate
Localities:
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities:
Quartz var: Lake Superior Agate
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Plume Agate
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities:
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Localities:
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Localities:
Rauenthalite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Localities:
'Rhyolite'
Localities:
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Localities:
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities:
'Sandstone'
Localities:
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities:
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities:
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities:
'Shale'
Localities:
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities:
'Siltstone'
Localities:
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities:
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities:
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Localities:
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Localities:
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities:
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Localities:
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities:
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Localities:
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities:
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Localities:
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Localities:
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities:
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities:
'Thomsonite'
Localities:
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities:
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities:
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities:
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Localities:
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities:
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities:
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities:
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities:
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities:
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Localities:
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities:
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Localities:
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities:
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Localities:
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities:
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Localities:
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Djurleite'2.BA.05Cu31S16
'Domeykite'2.AA.10bCu3As
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Koutekite2.AA.10dCu5As2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pararammelsbergite2.EB.10eNiAs2
Paxite2.EB.15cCuAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite (TL)3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Calumetite (TL)3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Centennialite (TL)3.DA.CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
'Connellite'3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Crednerite'4.AB.05CuMnO2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
'Ferberite'4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kamiokite4.CB.40Fe2Mo3O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Paramelaconite4.AA.15Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Plume Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Callaghanite5.DA.25Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Chalconatronite5.CB.40Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chlorartinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gerhardtite5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Likasite5.ND.05Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Erythrite'8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Guérinite8.CJ.75Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Rauenthalite8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Sainfeldite8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vladimirite8.CJ.25Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminoceladonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Corrensite'9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
'Datolite'9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Dioptase'9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Macfallite (TL)9.BG.15Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Ferruginous Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orthochamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
var: Chlorastrolite9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)9.BG.20Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Hoganite10.AA.35Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Moolooite10.AB.15Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite-Anorthite Series-
Amygdaloid-
Andesite-
Apatite-
'var: Collophane'-
Apophyllite-
Basalt-
Bastnäsite-
Biotite-
Bituminous-coal-
Chabazite-
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Coal-
'Conglomerate'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Dacite'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Greenstone-
Heulandite subgroup-
Hornblende-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Limestone-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mica Group-
Mica schist-
Mohawkite-
Monazite-
Petoskey Stone-
Pumpellyite-
Rhyolite-
Sandstone-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shale-
Siltstone-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Stilbite subgroup-
Thomsonite-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Koutekite2.3.1.1Cu5As2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pararammelsbergite2.12.5.1NiAs2
Paxite2.12.5.2CuAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Miscellaneous
Paramelaconite4.6.4.1Cu1+2Cu2+2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Anthonyite (TL)6.2.6.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Calumetite (TL)6.2.5.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Kamiokite7.6.3.1Fe2Mo3O8
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Chalconatronite15.2.3.1Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Callaghanite16b.5.1.1Cu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Gerhardtite19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Likasite19.1.5.1Cu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Guérinite39.2.2.2Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Sainfeldite39.2.1.2Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Vladimirite39.2.2.1Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Rauenthalite40.3.11.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Moolooite50.1.6.1Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Macfallite (TL)58.2.3.2Ca2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)58.2.2.5Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)58.2.2.8Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Corrensite71.4.2.5(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Peristerite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aluminoceladonite-K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Amygdaloid'-
'Andesite'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Basalt'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Bituminous-coal'-
Centennialite (TL)-CaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
'Chabazite'-
'Chert'-
Chlorartinite-Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Coal'-
'Conglomerate'-
'Copper Stain'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Dacite'-
'Delessite'-(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Greenstone'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Hoganite-Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Limestone'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Mica schist'-
Microcline
var: Ferruginous Microcline
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Mohawkite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthochamosite'-(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
'Petoskey Stone'-
'Pumpellyite'-
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
var: Chlorastrolite
-Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Plume Agate-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rhyolite'-
'Sandstone'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Shale'-
'Siltstone'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
H ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
H SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
C ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
C ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C VateriteCaCO3
C WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
NNitrogen
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
N GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
N LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
O CredneriteCuMnO2
O CupriteCu2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Quartz (var: Lake Superior Agate)SiO2
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
O Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
O SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O VateriteCaCO3
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Na Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Mg Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Al Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Quartz (var: Lake Superior Agate)SiO2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Si Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Albite (var: Peristerite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S AniliteCu7S4
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Cl ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
K Microcline (var: Ferruginous Microcline)K(AlSi3O8)
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg) (var: Chlorastrolite)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Ca SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn CredneriteCuMnO2
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn MacfalliteCa2Mn33+(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Mn Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Fe Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Ni PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Cu CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalconatroniteNa2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CredneriteCuMnO2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu DomeykiteCu3As
Cu GerhardtiteCu2(NO3)(OH)3
Cu HoganiteCu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu KoutekiteCu5As2
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu LikasiteCu3(NO3)(OH)5 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ParamelaconiteCu21+Cu22+O3
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PaxiteCuAs2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As DomeykiteCu3As
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
As KoutekiteCu5As2
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
As PaxiteCuAs2
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hinsdale, E.B. (1891): Native Copper of Michigan. Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York 23, 324-338. [http://www.jstor.org/stable/196590]
Bornhorst, T.J. and Rose, W.I. (1994): Self-guided geological field trip to the Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 40th Annual Meeting, Houghton, MI, v. 40, part 2, 185 p.
Bornhorst, T.J. (1997): Tectonic context of native copper deposits of the North American Midcontinent Rift System, in Ojakangas, R.W., Dickas, A.B., and Green, J.C., eds., Middle Proterozoic to Cambrian Rifting, Central North America: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 312.
Cannon, W.F. (1992): The Midcontinent rift in the Lake Superior region with emphasis on its geodynamic evolution. Tectonophysics, 213, 41-48.
Cannon, W.F., Peterman, Z.E., and Sims, P.K. (1993): Crustal-scale thrusting and origin of the Montreal River monocline – A 35 km thick cross section of the Midcontinent Rift in northern Michigan and Wisconsin. Tectonophysics, 12, 728-744.
Cannon, W.F. (1994): Closing of the Midcontinent Rift – A far-field effect of Grenvillian contraction. Geology, 22, 155-158.
Davis, D.W. and Paces, J.B. (1990): Time resolution of geologic events on the Keweenaw Peninsula and implications for development of the Midcontinent Rift system. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 97, 54-64.
Heinrich, E. W. and Robinson, G. W. (2004): Mineralogy of Michigan. 2nd Edition, 252 pp.
Hutchinson, D.R., White, R.S., Cannon, W.F., and Schultz, K.J. (1990): Keweenaw hot spot: Geophysical evidence for a 1.1 Ga Mantle plume beneath the Midcontinent Rift system. Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 10869-10884.
Merk, G.P. and Jirsa, M.A. (1982): Provenance and tectonic significance of the Keweenawan interflow sedimentary rocks: Geological Society of America Memoir 156, 97-105.
White, W.S. (1968): The native copper deposits of northern Michigan. In Ridge, J.D., eds., Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967 (the Graton Sales volume): American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineering, New York, p. 303-325.
Rosemeyer, T. (2011): New from the Keweenaw: Part 4 - Recent Mineral Finds in Michigan's Copper Country. Rocks & Minerals 86, 205-227.

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