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Nandan meteorite (Nantan meteorite), Lihu - Yaochai area, Nandan Co., Hechi, Guangxi, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Nandan meteorite (Nantan meteorite)- not defined -
Lihu - Yaochai areaArea
Nandan Co.County
HechiPrefecture
GuangxiAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 6' North , 107° 42' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 25.10000,107.70000
GeoHash:G#: wkkwfc2dp
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Maolan848 (2001)49.6km


A Nickel-Iron Octahedrite was observed to fall in May of 1516 (“During summertime in May of Jiajing 11th year, stars fell from the northwest direction, five to six fold long, waving like snakes and dragons. They were as bright as lightning and disappeared in seconds".) The fall was estimated at 9000 kg. It lay untouched until "the great leap forward" in 1958, when peasants were to boost steel production with neighbourhood blast furnaces. There was a shortage of iron and so the meteorites were dug up. Fortunately their melting point was too high and the meteorites were spared. When cleaned from their heavy oxide coating they show three dimensional Widmanstaetten lines, i.e. octahedral crystals of kamacite to over an inch.

The fall was in an 8 km wide path, trending northwesterly over a length of 27 to 28 km between the towns of Lihu and Yaochai, located NE and ESE of Nandan, respectively. The grid reference is arbitrarily centered on this area.

Regions containing this locality

Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: B Hendriksen collection
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: http://www.greatwallct.com/nantan.htm
Graphite var: Cliftonite
Formula: C
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Chen, Y., & Wang, D. (1994). An update of a catalog of Chinese meteorites. Meteoritics, 29(6), 886-890.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Chen, Y., & Wang, D. (1994). An update of a catalog of Chinese meteorites. Meteoritics, 29(6), 886-890.
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Plessite'
Reference: No reference listed
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: www.greatwallct.com/nantan.htm
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: No reference listed
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: http://www.greatwallct.com/nantan.htm

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
var: Cliftonite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Plessite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Graphite
var: Cliftonite
-C
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C Graphite (var: Cliftonite)C
OOxygen
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187133
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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