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Shangbao Mine, Leiyang Co., Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 13' 25'' North , 112° 58' 55'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 26.22361,112.98194
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Name(s) in local language(s):上堡矿, 耒阳市, 衡阳市, 湖南省, 中国

Skarn-type polymetallic (iron, tungsten, tin) deposit, occurring in the contact zone between Carboniferous and Permian limestones and a Jurassic granite stock, which also hosts separate niobium-tantalum ore bodies.

The iron skarn was discovered during an exploration campaign carried out between 1959 and 1964, but the full potential of the deposit was initially not recognized since prospection had been focused on pyrite ores only. During a field study on granite geology carried out in the area between 1969 and 1971, niobium-tantalum ore bodies were discovered in the weathering crust of the granite, and recent exploration drilling in the mine area intersected economic skarn-type tungsten-tin mineralization. A comprehensive multi-element prospection of the deposit area is still lacking, though (Lei et al., 2009).

Mineral List

28 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

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358.9 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 1383317
Silurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Zhengmin Cao (1981): A study on allevardite discovered in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(3), 180-185.
Dengfeng Tu (1984): Inclusions in minerals in the Shangbao pyrite district, Hunan. Dizhi Lumping 30(3), 270-274 (in Chinese).
Xiangli Chen, Yanhui Jin, and Ciguo Xie (2003): Occurrence of niobium and tantalum in the Nb-Ta deposit in weathered granite crust at Shangbao, Leiyang, Hunan Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 23(4), 323-326 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zeheng Lei, Yusheng Qiao, and Yiming Xu (2009): W-Sn Mineralization Characteristics and Exploration Potential of the Shangbao Mineral District, Hunan Province. Geology and Exploration 45(2), 44-52.
Ottens, B. (2012): The Shangbao mine, Hunan Province, China. Mineralogical Record 43, 587-608.

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