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Steinkaulenberg (Galgenberg), Idar-Oberstein, Birkenfeld, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Steinkaulenberg (Galgenberg), Idar-Oberstein, Hunsrück, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 43' 29'' North , 7° 16' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.72472,7.27500
GeoHash:G#: u0v4vs17x
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Located 2.5 km WNW of Idar. Underground mine for amethyst, jasper and agate in latite-andesite rock. Today a tourist's gallery. Visitors can also dig for agates and other minerals at some places nearby.

Regions containing this locality

Hunsrück mountains, Germany

Mountain Range - 333 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Agate-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
SSulfur
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Early Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3154841
Early sandstone

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Guadalupian - Late Carboniferous
259.1 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2599345

Age: Paleozoic (259.1 - 323.2 Ma)

Description: volcanic

Comments: Mainly andesite lavas, subordinate basalt; also tuffs, veins and subvolcanic intrusions with cuselite and tholeiite

Lithology: Andesite, latite, dacite (porphyry) and basalt (melaphyre)

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Leonhard, C.C. (1812): Reise nach Oberstein durch das Tal der Nahe, in Leonhard & Selb, Mineralogische Studien, Verlag Schrag, Nürnberg 1812
Weiß, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich).
Bambauer, H.U., Bank H., Brandt, H.P., Grub, A., Schmitt-Riegraf C., Wild, H.W. (no date given): Die Edelsteinmine im Steinkaulenberg und die historische Weiherschleife in Idar-Oberstein. Verlag Sudau, Idar-Oberstein.

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