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Hale's Mine (Haile Gold Mine), Kershaw, Lancaster Co., South Carolina, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 34' 36'' North , 80° 32' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.57667,-80.54111
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

A gold mine.
2nd largest gold mine in eastern US produced/reserves 750,000 ounces.

Mineral List

27 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 72.1 Ma

ID: 2838302
Peedee Formation - Black Creek Group, undivided

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 72.1 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Peedee Formation; Black Creek Group

Comments: Secondary unit description from USGS Lexicon (ref.SC003): Peedee Formation: Consists of dark-green or gray, finely micaceous, more or less glauconitic and argillitic sand, many layers of which are calcareous (impure limestone). Irregular concretionary masses of impure calcium carbonate occur in places. Dark marine clays are interstratified with sand. Black Creek Group: Consists of irregularly bedded, laminated, carbonaceous clays and thin laminae and lenses of sand; lignite and pyrite present; glauconitic in places; massive interbedded layers of glauconitic sand present toward top of unit. Light-colored clays and coarse arkosic sands found in SC (Chesterfield Co. and southward) formerly called Middendorf beds by Sloan (1908) revised as Middendorf arkose member of Black Creek formation (SC only) on the basis of fossil plants.

Lithology: Major:{clay,sand}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Dana 6:1080.
- Economic Geology (1992) 87:91-112
- Econ Geol (1984) 79:382-388
- Seal II, R.R., Ayuso, R.A., Foley, N.K., and Clark, S.H.B. (2001): Sulfur and lead isotope geochemistry of hypogene mineralization at the Barite Hill Gold Deposit, Carolina Slate Belt, southeastern United States: a window into and through regional metamorphism. Mineralium Deposita 36, 137-148.

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