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Hickory Cane Mine, Marion, Crittenden Co., Kentucky, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 22' 4'' North , 88° 10' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.36778,-88.17500
GeoHash:G#: dn9k9d8gj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Located on the Commodore fault system, history of the mine dates back to 1901. Shafts on the property have produced both fluorite and zinc (smithsonite and sphalerite). The Rock shaft is the deepest (240 feet). Between 1924 - 25 between 7,000 and 8,000 tons of smithsonite were removed.
The southern part of the property has the Maddox shaft, sunk in late 1941, early 1942 to remove about 215 tons of "gravel spar" fluorite. A crosscut was made to the Commodore fault and in 1945, a vertical raise was cut (the Yandell shaft). Mud, gouge, calcite, fragments of veins of fluorite and disseminated sphalerite and galena were noted (R. Trace, 1954).
Today the dump of the Rock shaft dominates the area. The open shaft is surrounded by barbed wire and a debris in it, but is NOT capped. Calcite is, by far, the most common mineral found on the dump. All other minerals require some digging in the dump to find.
Ref.: Mineralogical Record, v.28 p.9, 1997
Ref.: Rocks & Min.:63:359.

Regions containing this locality

Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District, Illinois/Kentucky, USA

Mining District - 102 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.:63:359.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mississippian
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3029138
Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis Limestones, undivided

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ste. Genevieve Limestone; St. Louis Limestone; Salem Limestone

Description: Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis Limestones, undivided; includes Salem Limestone west of Christian County

Comments: in west-central Kentucky, the thickness of the St. Genevieve ranges from 0-60 m and the St. Louis ranges from 55-90 m; in south-central Kentucky, the thickness of the St. Genevieve ranges from 10-25 m and the St. Louis ranges from 20-50 m Original map source: In 2002, the 1:500,000 scale geologic map (including a separate fault file) was digitized by the Kentucky Geological Survey and made available to the public through the website http://www.uky.edu/KGS/gis/kygeol.htm. In 2004 the USGS re-digitized the exi

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Incidental:{dolostone, sandstone, chert}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Mississippian
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 1960534
Golconda Formation

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Golconda Formation

Description: Shale, dark-gray; locally slightly sandy or silty in topmost 2 to 3 feet; locally limestone 3 to 4 feet thick with abundant pyrite occurs at top. Rarely crops out. \nLimestone and shale: Limestone is medium to dark gray, fine and medium crystalline, argillaceous, fossiliferous; dolomitic in places. Interbeds of dark gray, fossiliferous shale make up as much as 25 percent of unit. Commonly crops out. \nShale and limestone: Shale is dark gray, generally calcareous and fossiliferous; scattered siderite nodules as thick as 1 inch; clay is illite with subordinate kaolinite. Limestone is medium to dark gray, medium to coarsely crystalline, argillaceous, highly fossiliferous; occurs as scattered beds in middle and lower part. Near top of unit is 10 to 20 feet of shale that contains scattered siltstone lenses as thick as 0.1 inch, and rarely as much as 3 feet of light-greenish-gray siltstone or very fine grained sandstone with abundant shaly partings. Siltstone or sandstone may crop out. \nLimestone, medium- to dark-gray, medium-crystalline, argillaceous, fossiliferous; commonly sandy and dolomitic. Rarely crops out.

Comments: Mgo; Salem Quadrangle (GQ-206) | http://kgs.uky.edu/kgsweb/PubsSearching/MoreInfo.asp?titleInput=555 | Map description and column: http://kgs.uky.edu/kgsmap/kgsgeoserver/geolDescID.asp?idType=pointID&fmcode=332GLCD&gq_num=206&map_level=24K

Lithology: Shale

Reference: KGS Databases, Maps, and Publications. Kentucky 1:24,000 Geologic Map. Kentucky Geological Survey. [22]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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