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Hickory Cane Mine, Marion, Crittenden Co., Kentucky, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 22' 4'' North , 88° 10' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.36778,-88.17500
Other regions containing this locality:Illinois-Kentucky Fluorspar District, Illinois/Kentucky, USA
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

Located on the Commodore fault system, history of the mine dates back to 1901. Shafts on the property have produced both fluorite and zinc (smithsonite and sphalerite). The Rock shaft is the deepest (240 feet). Between 1924 - 25 between 7,000 and 8,000 tons of smithsonite were removed.
The southern part of the property has the Maddox shaft, sunk in late 1941, early 1942 to remove about 215 tons of "gravel spar" fluorite. A crosscut was made to the Commodore fault and in 1945, a vertical raise was cut (the Yandell shaft). Mud, gouge, calcite, fragments of veins of fluorite and disseminated sphalerite and galena were noted (R. Trace, 1954).
Today the dump of the Rock shaft dominates the area. The open shaft is surrounded by barbed wire and a debris in it, but is NOT capped. Calcite is, by far, the most common mineral found on the dump. All other minerals require some digging in the dump to find.
Ref.: Mineralogical Record, v.28 p.9, 1997
Ref.: Rocks & Min.:63:359.

Mineral List

14 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

252.17 - 541 Ma

ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (252.17 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

323.2 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3029138
Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis Limestones, undivided

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ste. Genevieve Limestone; St. Louis Limestone; Salem Limestone

Description: Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis Limestones, undivided; includes Salem Limestone west of Christian County

Comments: in west-central Kentucky, the thickness of the St. Genevieve ranges from 0-60 m and the St. Louis ranges from 55-90 m; in south-central Kentucky, the thickness of the St. Genevieve ranges from 10-25 m and the St. Louis ranges from 20-50 m

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Incidental:{dolostone, sandstone, chert}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

323.2 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 1960534
Golconda Formation

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Golconda Formation

Description: Shale, dark-gray; locally slightly sandy or silty in topmost 2 to 3 feet; locally limestone 3 to 4 feet thick with abundant pyrite occurs at top. Rarely crops out. \nLimestone and shale: Limestone is medium to dark gray, fine and medium crystalline, argillaceous, fossiliferous; dolomitic in places. Interbeds of dark gray, fossiliferous shale make up as much as 25 percent of unit. Commonly crops out. \nShale and limestone: Shale is dark gray, generally calcareous and fossiliferous; scattered siderite nodules as thick as 1 inch; clay is illite with subordinate kaolinite. Limestone is medium to dark gray, medium to coarsely crystalline, argillaceous, highly fossiliferous; occurs as scattered beds in middle and lower part. Near top of unit is 10 to 20 feet of shale that contains scattered siltstone lenses as thick as 0.1 inch, and rarely as much as 3 feet of light-greenish-gray siltstone or very fine grained sandstone with abundant shaly partings. Siltstone or sandstone may crop out. \nLimestone, medium- to dark-gray, medium-crystalline, argillaceous, fossiliferous; commonly sandy and dolomitic. Rarely crops out.

Comments: Mgo; Salem Quadrangle (GQ-206) | http://kgs.uky.edu/kgsweb/PubsSearching/MoreInfo.asp?titleInput=555 | Map description and column: http://kgs.uky.edu/kgsmap/kgsgeoserver/geolDescID.asp?idType=pointID&fmcode=332GLCD&gq_num=206&map_level=24K

Lithology: Shale

Reference: KGS Databases, Maps, and Publications. Kentucky 1:24,000 Geologic Map. Kentucky Geological Survey. [22]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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