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Crinnis Mine (Great Crinnis Mine; Carlyon Consolidated Mine), Carlyon Bay, Carlyon, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Crinnis Mine (Great Crinnis Mine; Carlyon Consolidated Mine)Mine
Carlyon BayBay
CarlyonCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
05126690014957115156916.jpg
Entrance to higher adit.,Great Crinnis

Crinnis Mine, Carlyon Bay, Carlyon, Cornwall, England, UK
08611610014959465733876.jpg
View of Fanny's Shaft and associated mine dump.

Crinnis Mine, Carlyon Bay, Carlyon, Cornwall, England, UK
05879250014953367503096.jpg
Entrance to higher adit.,Great Crinnis

Crinnis Mine, Carlyon Bay, Carlyon, Cornwall, England, UK
04934080014951382484958.jpg
View of Fanny's Shaft and associated mine dump.

Crinnis Mine, Carlyon Bay, Carlyon, Cornwall, England, UK
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 20' 12'' North , 4° 44' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SX053522
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
St Austell25,447 (2017)2.8km
Par9,462 (2015)2.8km
Luxulian388 (2017)6.0km
Fowey2,131 (2017)6.9km
Polruan614 (2017)7.5km


A mine which produced considerable quantities of copper ore. Two lodes were worked which crop out in the cliffs, marked by old dumps on the golf course. Reputed to have raised over 70,000 tons copper ore before 1830 from a shallow depth but only small amounts at later dates with some lead. Closed 1881.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 21; Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386; Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 118
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557; Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: P,D, Trebilcock collection.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386; Golley & Williams, 1995, 19 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: P,D, Trebilcock collection.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 21; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 118
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Description: Analysis has shown that the material is essentially free of arsenic (Hogg, 1825)
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 39; Henwood, W.J. (1843): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 5, 1-386; P,D, Trebilcock collection.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
AlAluminium
Al ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S GalenaPbS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
FeIron
Fe ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.
Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 556-557.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
UK

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