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Homestake Mine, Lead, Lead Mining District, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Homestake MineMine
Lead- not defined -
Lead Mining DistrictMining District
Lawrence Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 21' 20'' North , 103° 45' 53'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lead2,999 (2017)0.4km
Central City130 (2017)1.3km
Deadwood1,258 (2017)3.6km
Whitewood919 (2017)15.4km
Spearfish11,283 (2017)16.8km


A recently closed major Au-Ag mine located in sec. 33, T5N, R3E, BHM, 0.8 km (0.5 miles) NE of Lead (city hall). Discovered in 1875 by Moses Manuel and Frank Harney. The original claim was filed in April 1876. Owned by the Homestake Mining Co. Closed in 2002. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 10 meters. This mine is very evident on the topo maps.

The Homestake Mine is famous in scientific circles for being the site at which the solar neutrino problem was first discovered.

Alternate names which apply to this property include: Black Hills Consolidated Mines; Yates shaft; Calhoon Mill; Homestake Cyanide Mill No. 1; Homestake & Open Cut; Ellison shaft; Homestake Cyanide; Deadwood Mill; Highland Mill; Ross shaft; Oro Hondo shaft; Old Abe shaft; Homestake slime plant; De Smet Mill; Terra Mill; Hidden Fortune Mining Co.; Homestake Mill; Golden Star Mill; Homestake Extension shaft; and the Columbus Consolidated Gold Mining Co.

Mineralization is Neoproterozoic in age. The ore bodies are irregular, pipe-like structures. Controls for ore emplacement included 1.) a sulfide-bearing phase of the Homestake Formation; 2.) cross folds; and, 3.) proximity to garnet isograd...

Ore body No. 1: Pipes and lenses; plunge:40°; depth-to-bottom: 2,438.4 meters; width: 30.48 meters; length: 121.92 meters. It strikes N40E and dips 60S. The depth-to-top is 1,525 meters.

Second ore body: It is a shear zone body that is tabular in shape, strikes N10E, dips 70W, with a depth-to-top of 185 meters and a length of 1,350 meters. The primary mode of origin is hydrothermal. Primary ore control was lithology. Wall rock alteration is moderate (propylitic, silicification, and pyritization). Controls for ore emplacement include tightly folded plunging anticlines and synclines. Local rocks include sedimentary Iron Formation. Geologic units near the site include metamorphosed carbonaceous shale, the Whitewood Limestone, Winnipeg Formation, and Deadwood Formation.

Ore from the Homestake usually consists of masses of chlorite and quartz with leaves, rods of irregular masses of free gold attached, which is seldom more than 2 cm in largest dimension and usually much smaller. Exceptional specimens consisting of well-developed arsenopyrite crystals enclosing or encrusting with native gold, and occasional octahedral crystals of gold up to 2 mm in size have been collected.

Associated rocks include Pliocene-Neoproterozoic syenite; rhyolite; granite, granite porphyry, cutting stock; rhyolite & syenite dikes; amphibolite, irregular intrusives.

Regional geological structures include the Black Hills.

Local structures: Local subsidiary domes; the Lead syncline. The rocks are in a set of large isoclinal folds that have been refolded by two sets of smaller folds, which result in extremely complex configurations. Also, warping is caused by Tertiary igneous rocks and the dome formed around the cutting stock, which is exposed West of Lead. The ore bodies are located in the younger set of crossfolds.

Workings include surface and underground openings and achieved a depth of at least 2,300 meters. The depth in 1968 was 2073 meters.

Produced 1.7 million tons of ore in 1984 (9,200 kg Au).

Analytical data results: Native Au contains an average of 17% Ag, 1% Cu and other metals.

Resource/reserves data: Year: 1997: total resources 43,555,000 metric tons ore at 6.320000 grams/metric ton Au.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull. 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Van King specimen
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Am Min (1936), 21:607-610
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, Volume I, 834pp.: 92; Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 111.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: P Haas collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Van King specimen
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: www.umr.edu/~rhagni/otherod.html.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.dakotamatrix.com/Southdakota/VeinNtoQ.htm.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Siderite var: Sideroplesite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: McCarthy, T.R. (1976) The metamorphic petrology of the sideroplesite and cummingtonite schist facies of the Homestake Formation, Homestake Mine, Lead, South Dakota
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 60: 111.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: South Dakota SMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Sideroplesite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
Siderite
var: Sideroplesite
-(Fe,Mg)CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
OOxygen
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
SiSilicon
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ArsenicAs
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Homestake Mining Co. (1876), Direxpl, Continued production.
Emmons and Becker (1885), Statistics and Technology of the Precious Metals. Census reports, Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States Census office.
Irving, J. D., et al (1904), USGS Professional Paper 26: Geological map.
Engineering and Mining Journal (1932), The Homestake Enterprise: 132(12).
American Mineralogist (1936): 21: 607-610.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, Volume I, 834 pp.: 92.
McLaughlin, D. H. (1949), The Homestake Mine: Canadian Mining Journal: 70(12): 49-53.
Noble, J. A., et al (1949), Structure of a Part of the Northern Black Hills and the Homestake Mine, Lead, South Dakota: Bulletin of the Geological Society of America: 60: 321-352.
Roberts, Willard Lincoln, and George Rapp, Jr. (1965), Mineralogy of the Black Hills, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Bulletin 18.
Slaughter, A. L. (1968), The Homestake Mine, in J. D. Ridge, editor, Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, Volume II, A.I.M.E., New York, 1968: 1436-1459.
Conolly, T. (1974), Mining Engineering: 26(3): 24-27. (compilation).
USGS, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and the South Dakota Geological Survey (1975), Mineral and Water Resources of South Dakota, South Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 16.
McCarthy, T.R. (1976) The metamorphic petrology of the sideroplesite and cummingtonite schist facies of the Homestake Formation, Homestake Mine, Lead, South Dakota.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 326.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 111.
Homestake Mining Co. (1988), Annual Report: 13.
Homestake Mining Co. (1992), Annual Report: 18.
International Corona Corp. (1992), (6/15/92): 68-70.
Northern Miner (1993): 79(37) (11/15/93): 14.
Pay Dirt (1993), (11-93): 12A.
Pay Dirt (1993), (5-93): 18B.
Homestake Mining Co. (1994), Annual Report: 20-22.
Pay Dirt (1994): (6-94): 20B.
Randal Mining Directories (1994-1996).
Homestake Mining Co. (1995), Annual Report: 19.
Homestake Mining Co. (1996), Annual Report: 18-19, & Form 10-K: 4, 7.
Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10106953, 10069099 & 10202280.
Morelli, Ryan, Chris Bell, Robert Creaser, Antonio Simonetti (2010): Constraints on the genesis of gold mineralization at the Homestake Gold Deposit, Black Hills, South Dakota from rhenium–osmium sulfide geochronology. Mineralium Deposita: 45: 461-480.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0460810021.
(NOTE: This site has a multitude of original MRDS records. One/yr, from 1944-1977: #10110024 - 1944; #10055430 - 1945; #10055431 - 1946; #10055432 - 1947; #10110025 - 1948; #10055433 - 1949; #10110026 - 1950; #10110027 - 1951; #10055434 - 1952; #10110028 - 1953; #10055435 - 1954; #10055436 - 1955; #10110029 - 1956; #10055437 - 1957; #10110030 - 1958; #10055438 - 1959; #10110031 - 1960; #10055439 - 1961; #10110032 - 1962; #10055440 - 1963; #10055441 - 1964; #10110033 - 1965; #10055442 - 1966; #10110034 - 1967; #10055443 - 1968; #10110035 - 1969; #10055444 - 1970; #10110036 - 1971; #10055445 - 1972; #10055446 - 1973; #10110037 - 1974; #10055447 - 1975; #10110038 - 1976; and #10055448 - 1977)
Simons, F.S., and Prinz, W.C., Gold, in United States Mineral Resources, USGS Professional Paper 820: 267.

USGS MRDS Record:10069099

External Links


Localities in this Region

  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Lead Mining District

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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