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Kittilä gold mine (Suurikuusikko mine; Rouravaara; Korkeakuusikko; Vuomajärvi), Kittilä, Lapland, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Kittilä gold mine (Suurikuusikko mine; Rouravaara; Korkeakuusikko; Vuomajärvi)Mine
KittiläMunicipality
LaplandRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
67° 54' 50'' North , 25° 23' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Owned/operated by:


Very large, palaeoproterozoic orogenic gold deposit. Epigenetic, "mesothermal" mineralisation with a distinct structural control. The ore is hosted by albitised, mafic to intermediate, volcanic rock. It comprises a number of subvertical ore bodies.

71% of the gold is contained in the lattice of and as tiny inclusions in arsenopyrite and 22% in pyrite, in both thin veins and altered host rock. Arsenopyrite and pyrite are the main ore minerals.

Visible gold was first detected in 1986 in an outcrop 4 km SSW of Suurikuusikko during regional gold exploration. A highly productive gold mine was started in 2007. The ore was mined both in an open-pit operation (2007-2012) and underground (since 2007). The operation has a life expectancy of 23 years (2009 – 2032).
Owned by Agnico-Eagle Mining Ltd.

Located 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of Kittilä.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


34 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
Muscovite var:
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database; Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O RutileTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O KermesiteSb2S2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S GalenaPbS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S StibniteSb2S3
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S KermesiteSb2S2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
BiBismuth
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi BismuthBi

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lukonin, D. (2008). Archean and proterozoic gold deposits of the Fennoscandian shield. Masters thesis Luleå University of Technology
Kojonen, K., Cabri, L. J., McMahon, G., Johanson, B., Leppinen, J., & Kalapudas, R. (2008) Applied Mineralogy of the Suurikuusikko Refractory Gold Deposit, Northern Finland. Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy Brisbane, QLD, 8 - 10 September 2008

External Links


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