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Crystal Cave (Bethlehem Cave), Meade Co., South Dakota, USA

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 17' 16'' North , 103° 30' 15'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.28800,-103.50418
GeoHash:G#: 9xy7uwqs3
Locality type:Cave
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


North side of Elk Creek Canyon, 3 miles west of Tilford.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


4 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Devonian
251.902 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3190647
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Mississippian
346.7 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2472344
Pahasapa Limestone

Age: Mississippian (346.7 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pahasapa Limestone

Description: Mainly thick-bedded dolomitic limestone. Reef-like, bluish limestone in uppermost part. Includes Englewood Limestone (unit MDe) in areas of steep terrain. Thickness 80–210 m.

Reference: Redden, J.A., E. DeWitt. Maps Showing Geology, Structure, and Geophysics of the Central Black Hills, South Dakota. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 2777. [73]

Tournaisian - Cambrian
346.7 - 541 Ma



ID: 2754797
Pahasapa Limestone, Englewood Formation, Whitewood Limestone, Winnipeg Formation, and Deadwood Formation

Age: Paleozoic (346.7 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pahasapa Limestone; Englewood Formation; Whitewood Limestone; Winnipeg Formation; Deadwood Formation

Description: Note: see individual descriptions

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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