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Skalny dump, Łaziska, Katowice area, Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Upper Silesia (Śląskie), Poland

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° North , 19° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~11km
Locality type:Mine Dump
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):hałda "Skalny", Łaziska, rejon Katowic, Górny Śląsk, Polska


Already recultivated, burnt coal-mining dump. Supergene, fumarolic (so-called para- or pseudofumarolic) and high-temperature (pyrometamorphic) mineral associations were observed. Some "minerals" may be of "technogenic" origin. The researches of "Skalny" dump were performed in connection with Mag. Thesis (unpublished) on Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University, Poland. This high dump stands for a potential home for predatory birds.

Some minerals ("krasnoselskite", "krasnogorite", likely hannebachite and possibly halite) are of technogenic origin. Hannebachite may form in a human-driven desulphurization process due to the use of lime in the purpose of fire extinguishing.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
Hannebachite
Formula: CaSO3 · H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
'Krasnogorite'
Formula: WO3
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
'Krasnoselskite'
Formula: CoWO4
Description: First report of this compound belongs to Chesnokov et al. - they described both krasnoselskite and krasnogorite from Krasnoselskaya Mine in Krasnogorsk, Ural, Russia (vide Jambor et al. 1993).
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis. (unpublished); Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
Metavoltine var: Ammonian Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis. (unpublished); Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
'Voltaite Group'
Reference: Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis. (unpublished); Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hannebachite4.JE.10CaSO3 · H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Krasnogorite4.E0.10WO3
Krasnoselskite4.DB.30CoWO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
var: Ammonian Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Voltaite Group-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
'Krasnoselskite'4.4.16.5CoWO4
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Hannebachite34.2.5.1CaSO3 · H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Krasnogorite'-WO3
Metavoltine
var: Ammonian Metavoltine
-Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Voltaite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
NNitrogen
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
OOxygen
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O KrasnogoriteWO3
O KrasnoselskiteCoWO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O QuartzSiO2
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
NaSodium
Na Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S SulphurS8
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
KPotassium
K Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HannebachiteCaSO3 · H2O
FeIron
Fe Metavoltine (var: Ammonian Metavoltine)Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
CoCobalt
Co KrasnoselskiteCoWO4
WTungsten
W KrasnogoriteWO3
W KrasnoselskiteCoWO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Kruszewski, Ł. (200x): Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished)
- Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]


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