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Brandberg West Mine (Brandberg Tourmaline Mine), Brandberg Area, Dâures, Erongo Region, Namibia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 21° 0' 9'' South , 14° 9' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -21.00266,14.15466
GeoHash:G#: kk60d0e4e
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


A tin & tungsten mine located 45 km west-northwest of the Brandberg & 90 km from Uis.


The deposit belongs to a number of Sn-W deposits occurring in an east-northeast-trending belt of the Southern Kaoko Zone in the northern coastal branch of the Damara Orogen.
Ore was extracted in an open-cast mine (1946-1980).
Quartz-sulfide-cassiterite-wolframite veins are hosted by metasediments of the Swakop Group.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: various added photos; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
'Biotite'
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Evers, T. J. J. M. & Bowen, M. P. (1989): Lithogeochemistry as a tool for extending mineral resources; the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damaraland, South West Africa/Namibia. J. Geochem. Explor. 34, 47-62. ; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: various added photos; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pirajno, F., Petzel, V. F. W. & Jacob, R. E. (1987): Geology and alteration-mineralization of the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damara Orogen, South-West Africa/Namibia. South Afr. J. Geol. 90, 2562 69. ; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: various added photos
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: various added photos; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Petzel, V. F. W. & Jacob, R. E. (1987): Geology and alteration-mineralization of the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damara Orogen, South-West Africa/Namibia. South Afr. J. Geol. 90, 2562 69.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Evers, T. J. J. M. & Bowen, M. P. (1989): Lithogeochemistry as a tool for extending mineral resources; the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damaraland, South West Africa/Namibia. J. Geochem. Explor. 34, 47-62. ; Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Berger, J. (1979): Kostbare Klippen, Lapis 04(1) 27-30 (in German)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Berger, J. (1979): Kostbare Klippen, Lapis 04(1) 27-30 (in German); Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Evers, T. J. J. M. & Bowen, M. P. (1989): Lithogeochemistry as a tool for extending mineral resources; the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damaraland, South West Africa/Namibia. J. Geochem. Explor. 34, 47-62.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Ferberite'4.DB.30FeWO4
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hübnerite'4.DB.30MnWO4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Langite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3190685
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Berger, J. (1979) Kostbare Klippen, Lapis 4(1) 27-30 (in German).
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern.
Pirajno, F., Petzel, V.F.W., and Jacob, R.E. (1987) Geology and alteration-mineralization of the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damara Orogen, South-West Africa/Namibia. South Afr. J. Geol. 90, 2562-2569.
Evers, T.J.J.M. and Bowen, M.P. (1989) Lithogeochemistry as a tool for extending mineral resources; the Brandberg West tin-tungsten deposit, Damaraland, South West Africa/Namibia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 34, 47-62.
Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998) International Strategic Mineral Issues Summary Report - Tungsten. US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Macey, P. and Harris, C. (2006) Stable isotope and fluid inclusion evidence for the origin of the Brandberg West area Sn–W vein deposits, NW Namibia. Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.


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