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Bergslagen mining district, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Bergslagen mining districtMining District
SwedenCountry

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Key
09633260014946263714230.jpg
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland County, Sweden
02998980015696844456283.jpg
View of the Grängesberg iron mining area, ca. 1912.

Grängesberg mining district, Grängesberg, Ludvika, Dalarna County, Sweden
09633260014946263714230.jpg
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland County, Sweden
07352100015536872314822.jpg
View of the Grängesberg iron mining area, ca. 1912.

Grängesberg mining district, Grängesberg, Ludvika, Dalarna County, Sweden
09633260014946263714230.jpg
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland County, Sweden
05345890015678951059493.jpg
View of the Grängesberg iron mining area, ca. 1912.

Grängesberg mining district, Grängesberg, Ludvika, Dalarna County, Sweden
Locality type:
Age:
1900 to 1800 Ma
Geologic Time:
Reference for age:
Beunk, F. F., & Kuipers, G. (2012). The Bergslagen ore province, Sweden: Review and update of an accreted orocline, 1.9–1.8 Ga BP. Precambrian Research, 216, 95-119.
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Västerås117,746 (2017)
Gävle74,884 (2017)
Eskilstuna67,359 (2017)
Borlänge41,955 (2017)
Falun37,000 (2017)
Karlskoga27,490 (2017)
Other Languages:
French:
Bergslagen, Suède
German:
Bergslagen, Schweden
Russian:
Бергслаген, Швеция
Spanish:
Bergslagen, Suecia
Swedish:
Bergslagen, Sverige
Catalan:
Bergslagen, Suècia
Czech:
Bergslagen, Švédsko
Danish:
Bergslagen, Sverige
Dutch:
Bergslagen, Zweden
Finnish:
Bergslagen, Ruotsi
Hebrew:
ברגסלאגן, שוודיה
Norwegian:
Bergslagen, Sverige
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Bergslagen, Sverige
Portuguese:
Bergslagen, Suécia
Serbo-Croatian:
Bergslagen, Švedska
Ukrainian:
Бергслаген, Швеція


Bergslagen is a Swedish name for an old mining district in Central Sweden. It is a historically, culturally, and linguistically distinct region of Svealand in central Sweden. Originally the word "Bergslag" is a cooperation by "Bergsmän" within a strict area which had recieved mining privileges and actively mined and melted ores. In Bergslagen mining and metallurgic industry have been important since the Middle Ages.

Bergslagen covers part of the provinces of Västmanland, Dalarna (the southern part), and Värmland (the eastern part). Localities and minerals are listed under these entries.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

600 valid minerals. 146 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 9 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Adelite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: massive
Colour: Grey
Description: Found together with hausmannite
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 781-796; Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite var: Urbanite (FRL)
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1894): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala. 2 (3), 39-74.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Description: As inclusions in galena
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. (1986): Koutekit and some other opaque minerals new for Långban, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1986, 59-64
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Reference: Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Akatoreite
Formula: Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Reference: Ounchanum, P. & Morad, S. (1987): Paragenesis of akatoreite and ganophyllite in the manganiferous rocks of the Häste Field, Norberg ore district, central Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 157, 225-244.
Akrochordite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Flink, G. (1922): Akrochordit, ett nytt mineral från Långbans gruvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 44: 773-776.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Albite (TL)
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Gahn, J.G. & Berzelius, J.J. (1815): Afhandl. Fys. Kem. Min., 4, 180; American Mineralogist (1990) 75, 135.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lorin, T.(2002): Riddaho glimmerbrott, Torsby, Värmland. Litofilen, 19 (2): 8-11 +14
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Allactite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm (1884): 7: 109; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782, 787; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"
'Allanite'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hugh S. Spence (1930) A REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE OF THUCHOLITE AND OIL IN A PEGMATITE DYKE, PARRY SOUND DISTRICT, ONTARIO. The American Mineralogist, 15, No. 11, 499-520. (British Museum specimens)
'Allanite var: Pyrorthite'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hugh S. Spence (1930) A REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE OF THUCHOLITE AND OIL IN A PEGMATITE DYKE, PARRY SOUND DISTRICT, ONTARIO. The American Mineralogist, 15, No. 11, 499-520. (British Museum specimens)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: {CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Skoda, R., Cempírek, J., Filip, J., and Novák, M. (2010): CNMNC Newsletter 8, 290; Škoda, R., Cempírek, J., Filip, J., Novák, M., Veselovsky, F., Čtvrtlík, R. (2012): Allanite-(Nd), CaNdAl2Fe2+(SiO4)(Si2O7)O(OH), a new mineral from Askagen, Sweden. American Mineralogist, 97, 983-988.
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: A Y2O3 dominant “allanite” (with 22.16 wt.% (REE)2O3 including 5.39 wt.% Y2O3)
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Armbuster, T. et al.(2006): Recommended nomenclature of epidote-group minerals.European Journal of Mineralogy. 18, 551-567
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Göttlicher, J., Möckel, S., Sofer, Z., Van, K.V. & Belakovskiy, D.I. (2010): Åskagenite-(Nd) Mn2+NdAl2Fe3+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2, a new mineral of the epidote supergroup. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 17–22 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 17–22 (in English).
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Description: Described by Weibull (1883) as "manganhaltig lerjordsgranat"
Reference: Weibull, M. (1883): Några Mangan-mineral från Vester-Silfberget i Dalarne. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 6: 499-509
'α-Vredenburgite' (FRL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Mason, B. (1943): Alpha-vredenburgite. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 65, 263-270
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Habit: short hexagonal prisms
Description: Found in zinc ore.
Reference: Sundius,N. and Parwel, A. (1967): Amesite from the silver mines of Hällefors,central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 300
Aminoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Type Locality:
Description: Fluoresces orange in SW UV-light
Reference: Hurlbut, C. S. (1937): Aminoffite, a new mineral from Långban, Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 59, 290-292 ; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Thorin, L. (1987): Några mineraler från Forsmark. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 31 (juli 1987), 9-10
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: SAMLA- database
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Bredbergite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3Fe2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Antimony (TL)
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Description: johnbaumite-svabite series
Reference: Nysten, P. & Lorin, T. (2016) Nyupptäckta Ca-, Mn-, Pb-, Ba-, As- och Sb-förande mineral i Norbergs malmtrakt. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 7-19
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arakiite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Reference: Min.Rec.(2000) 31, 253-256
Ardaite
Formula: Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Reference: Burke, E.A.J., Kieft, C. & Zakrzewski, M.A. (1981): The second occurrence of ardaite: Gruvåsen, Bergslagen, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 19, 419-422
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: No reference listed
Armangite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Reference: Aminoff & Mauzelius (1920) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 42, 301-309; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1032; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Habit: Masses and veins
Colour: metalic greyish
Description: Together with native lead and löllingite in a banded skarn.
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Kjell Gatedal
Arseniopleite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Reference: Igelström, L. J. (1888): Arseniopleit, ein neues mineral von der hausmannit- und braunitgrube Sjögrufvan, Kirchspiel Grythyttan, Gouvernement Oerebro, Schweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie. 2, 117-122
Arsenoclasite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: KVA handl.(1931) 9, 52-57; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos hedyphane'
Åskagenite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2
Type Locality:
Habit: Coarse prismatic, sometimes flattened crystals with rectangular outlines up to 1 × 4 cm in size
Colour: black (brown in translucent thin fragments)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Göttlicher, J., Möckel, S., Sofer, Z., Van, K.V. & Belakovskiy, D.I. (2010): Åskagenite-(Nd) Mn2+NdAl2Fe3+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2, a new mineral of the epidote supergroup. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 17–22 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 17–22 (in English).
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Augite var: Asteroite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: No reference listed
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Forsberg, A. (1996): Babingtonite von Grönsjöberget, Borlänge, Schweden. Lapis. 21 (2), 33-36 + 50
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Barylite (TL)
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Bluish, rarely orange to yellowish, but many shows no UW at all in SW
Description: Often found in tilasite quartz veins(from the hyttsjö granite pegmatites???) Mostly overlooked as feldspar.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 902; Kjell Gatedal; Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1876) 3, 128; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Barysilite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Reference: Öfvers. KVA handl.(1888) 45, 7-10; Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
'Basiliite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hisinger, W. (1838): Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891 ; Geijer, p. (1920): The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 1-24 ; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Bergslagite (TL)
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Type Locality:
Colour: grey
Reference: Hansen, S., Fälth, L., Petersen, O. V. & Johnson, O. (1984): Bergslagite, a new mineral species from Långban, Sweden: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte:1984, 257-262 ; Hansen, S. , Fälth, L. & Johnsen, O. (1984): Bergslagite , a mineral with tetrahedral berylloarsenate sheet anions. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 160: 73-80; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Berryite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Type Locality:
Reference: NUFFIELD, E.W. & HARRIS, D.C. (1966): Studies of the mineral sulpho-salts: XX - Berryite, a new species. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 407-413.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: No reference listed
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Berzeliite (TL)
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 19:295, 10:216-217]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite' (FRL)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Igelström (1872) Översigt KVA, pp. 63-64. ; Hamberg, A. (1890): Mineralogische Studien. 7. Über die Manganophylle von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 133, 567-579
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: H.Folvik(2002); Pers.report to the Långban Society
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Blatterite (TL)
Formula: Sb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Description: Blatterite occurs sporadically in pieces of rich manganosite in the Kittelgruvan mine of the Nordmark orefield, Värmland, Sweden. This material, however, has been dumped there from elsewhere; the Brattforsgruvan mine in the same orefield is the most probable source.
Reference: Raade, G., M.H. Mladeck, V.K. Din, A.J. Criddle, and C.J. Stanley (1988): Blatterite, a new Sb-bearing Mn2+−Mn3+ member of the pinakiolite group, from Nordmark, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 121-136
Blixite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1958) 2, 411-415; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Botryogen (TL)
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann. Phys. Chem. (Pogg.) (1828): 12: 491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618, 625; Clark (1993) - "Hey's Mineral Index".
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brandtite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lindström, G. (1891): Mineralanalyser. 1. Brandtit från Harstigen. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 13: 123-126; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726, 857; Canadian Mineralogist (1977): 15: 36; Mineralogical Record: 8: 517, 900; Mineralogical Record: 22: 49.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Britvinite (TL)
Formula: [Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society (Zapiski RMO), 136(6), 18-25.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromellite (TL)
Formula: BeO
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min.(1925) 62, 113-122; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1028; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calderite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Description: Se-Cannizzarite is probably the wittite
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Caryinite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: GFF (1874) 2, 178; MinRec 10:216; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Caryopilite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 129-136 (1983)
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Celsian (TL)
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: GFF (1895) 17, 578; Holtstam, D. & Norrestam, R. (1993): Lindqvistite Pb2MeFe16O27,a novel hexagonal ferrite mineral from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden. American Mineralogist. 78, 1304-1312
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38; Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Cerite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 156 localities in this region.
Chlorapatite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
Chlorapatite var: Munkforssite (FRL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)5(PO4)2(Cl,F)
Type Locality:
Reference: Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chloroarsenian'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 684.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Chondrostibian'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1030.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: No reference listed
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Lars Bergström (1959) Geologiska studier i Lövsvedsgruvan, Folkärna socken, Dalarna, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 81:4, 641-669, DOI:10.1080/11035895909449181
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Description: grains up to 0.5 mm in diameter, and blebs up to 0.03 mm across in cobaltite
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1983) A cobalt–bearing sulfide — arsenide assemblage from the Nord mine (Finnshytteberg), Sweden: A new occurrence of clinosafflorite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 129-136
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: GFF 117, 151-152; Holtstam, D. & Langhof, J. (1995): Metamorphic harkerite from Nordmarks odalfält, Värmland, Sweden. GFF 117, 151-152.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Cobaltkieserite (TL)
Formula: CoSO4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D. (2002): Cobaltkieserite, CoSO4·H2O, a new mineral species from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 124, 117-119
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Öhman, L. (2003): Kolsva fältspatbrott. Litiofilen. 17 (2): 9-14
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Lorin, T.(2002): Riddaho glimmerbrott, Torsby, Värmland. Litofilen, 19 (2): 8-11 +14 SEM-EDS Andreas Karlsson (sample NRM# 20140340); Andreas Karlsson (NRM #20140339)
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Coronadite ?
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Black balls together with yellow-orange garnets. EDS analysis gave (Pb0.8Ba0.1Ca0.06)Mn8As0.2 => points to coronadite, another EDS analysis gave (Ba0.68Ca0.11)Mn8 which points to hollandite (Nysten & Lorin 2016)
Reference: Nysten, P. & Lorin, T. (2016) Nyupptäckta Ca-, Mn-, Pb-, Ba-, As- och Sb-förande mineral i Norbergs malmtrakt. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 7-19
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Costibite
Formula: CoSbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine ?
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Delhuyarite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2
Reference: Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., Andersson, U.B. (2017): Delhuyarite-(Ce) Ce4Mg(Fe3+2W)□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2 a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 897-905 DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2635
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Jansson, N. F., Erismann, F., Lundstam, E., & Allen, R. L. (2013). Evolution of the paleoproterozoic volcanic-limestone-hydrothermal sediment succession and Zn-Pb-Ag and iron oxide deposits at Stollberg, Bergslagen Region, Sweden. Economic Geology, 108(2), 309-335.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Schefferite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Dissakisite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dixenite (TL)
Formula: CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: GFF (1920) 42, 436-439; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dollaseite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: {CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Habit: massive
Colour: Brown
Reference: Peacor, D. R. & Dunn, P. J.: (1988): Dollaseite-(Ce) (magnesium orthite redefined): Structure refinement and implications for F + M2+ substitutions in epidote-group minerals. American Mineralogist. 73: 838- 842; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Domeykite-β
Formula: Cu3-xAs
Reference: Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ecdemite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1877) 3, 379; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1036; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: Victoria Museum Specimen, Melbourne
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
'Epidote Supergroup'
Formula: A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ericssonite (TL)
Formula: BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Lithos (1971) 4, 137-145; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Ericssonite-2O' (FRL)
Formula: BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Lithos,(1971) 4, 137-145; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25; Martensson, C. (1960) Euklas und Bertrandit aus dem Feldspatpegmatit von Kolsva in Schweden. Neues Jahrbuch fiir Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 94, 1248-1252.
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Eveite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, 55, 319 (1970); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Fahlunite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Hisinger, W. (1815) Afhandlingar i fysik, kemi och mineralogi, Vol. 4, p.342-347. Dana, J.D. (1837) A System of Mineralogy, p. 258.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series var: Knebelite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Langhof, J. (2015): Kolsva fältspatgruva- En av Skandinaviens största fältspatgruvor och Europas största Be-mineralisering. Litiofilen. 32 (4): 31-39
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Ferberite var: Reinite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Langhof, J. & Jonsson, E. (2002): En svensk "Reinit": ferberit som pseudomorfos efter euhedral scheelit från Tunby, Västmanland. Litiofilen. 19(1): 16-21
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ferriperbøeite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (CaCe3)(Fe3+Al2Fe2+)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3O(OH)2
Reference: Bindi, L., Holstam, D., Fantappiè, G., Andersson, U.B., Bonazzi, P. (2018): Ferriperbøeite-(Ce), [CaCe3]Σ=4[Fe3+Al2Fe2+]Σ=4[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2, a new member of the polysomatic epidote–törnebohmite series from the Nya Bastnäs Fe-Cu-REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 536-543
Ferripyrophyllite
Formula: Fe3+Si2O5(OH)
Reference: Ulf Nyberg collection. Identification by Pavel Kartashov 2010
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-ferri-winchite'
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Old samples before 1994 were labelled as "radial actinolite (radialstrålig aktinolit)
Reference: Nysten, P. and Skogby, H. (1994): Manganese ferro-ferri-winchite from Harstigen, Filipstad, central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 168-172.
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Reference: Schumacher, J.C., Schäfer, K. & Seifert, F. (1987): Lamellar nigerite in Zn-rich spinel from the Falun deposit, Sweden. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology. 95: 182-190
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Filipstadite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 413-419; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Finnemanite (TL)
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1923): 45, 160; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1039; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Flinkite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs in veinlets in magnetite ore.
Reference: Hamberg, A. (1889): Mineralogische Studien. 3. Über Flinkit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganarseniat aus der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 11: 212-222 ; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726, 794; Hamberg (1889) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlingar, Stockholm: 11: 212-222.
Fluoborite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm, 48, 84-85; Mineralogical Record (1975): 6: 174; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 369.
'Fluocerite'
Reference: No reference listed
Fluocerite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 49; Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 41. Kjellman (unpublished)
Fluocerite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)F3
Reference: Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorbritholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Fluorcalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
Reference: Welin, E. (1968): Notes on the mineralogy of Sweden 6. X-ray powder diffraction data for minerals from Långban and related mineral deposits of central Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi 4, 499-541. [as roméite]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Fluorite var: Yttrocerite
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
'Fluornatroroméite'
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Sb2(O,OH)6F
Description: Composition of the mineral is (Na1.03Ca0.97)2.00(Sb1.83Fe3+0.17)2.00O5.63F1.37
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010) Ulf Nyberg specimens
'Fluoro-arfvedsonite' ?
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22F2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Folvikite (TL)
Formula: Sb5+Mn3+(Mg,Mn2+)10O8(BO3)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Raade, G. & Folvik, H. (2013): On an unnamed Mg-Mn-Sb oxyborate from the blatterite locality of the Kitteln Mine, Nordmark, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 49-54; Cooper, M.A., Raade, G., Ball, N.A., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Rowe, R. (2018): Folvikite, Sb5+9 Mn3+(Mg,Mn2+)10O8(BO3)4, a new oxyborate mineral from the Kitteln mine, Nordmark ore district, Värmland, Sweden: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 821-836.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Fredrikssonite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Habit: Longprismatic, striated.
Colour: Black to brown
Reference: GFF (1983) 105, 335-340; P. Dunn; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Freedite (TL)
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Type Locality:
Habit: Fibrous
Colour: yellow
Reference: Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 845-848; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Gabrielsonite (TL)
Formula: PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 401-405; Clark, 1993, 249 - "Hey's Mineral Index - 3rd Edition"; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Gadolinite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gadolinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gadolinite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd2Fe2+Be2O2(SiO4)2
Reference: Hålenius, U., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2016): New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2016. Mineralogical Magazine: 80(5): 915-922
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Reference: Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Gahnite (TL)
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: [ZK 120 (1964), 476; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Lucchesi, S., Della Giusta, A., & Russo, U. (1998). Cation distribution in natural Zn-aluminate spinels. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(1), 41-54.; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; Kampmann, T. C., Stephens, M. B., & Weihed, P. (2016). 3D modelling and sheath folding at the Falun pyritic Zn-Pb-Cu-(Au-Ag) sulphide deposit and implications for exploration in a 1.9 Ga ore district, Fennoscandian Shield, Sweden. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 665-680.
Gahnite var: Manganoan Gahnite
Formula: (Zn,Mn)Al2O4
Habit: Cubic singel crystals
Colour: Yellowish-brownish
Description: This manganoan(up to 12Atom%Mn)gahnite shows very colorfull internal reflection in polished sections.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Galena var: Selenian Galena
Formula: Pb(S,Se)
Galenobismutite (TL)
Formula: PbBi2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: GFF (1878) 4, 109
Ganomalite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Habit: Single crystal masses
Colour: Greyish-white
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 49 (1985), 579.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Ganophyllite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hamberg, A. (1890): Mineralogische studien. 9. Ueber Ganophyllit, ein manganzeolith von Harstigen. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 12, 586-598; Smith, M.L. and Frondel, C. (1968) The related layered minerals ganophyllite, bannisterite and stilpnomelane. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 893-913.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
'Garnet Supergroup'
Formula: X3Z2(TO4)3
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976). Mineralfundstellen. Ein Führer zum Selbstsammelen. Band 4 Skandinivien. Christan Weise Verlag, München, p.209
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Gatedalite (TL)
Formula: ZrMn2+2Mn3+4SiO12
Type Locality:
Reference: Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F. (2013) Gatedalite, IMA 2013-091. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3256; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Gatelite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2
Reference: Steffen Möckel probed (EDX 29/08/2005) - M.E. Ciriotti collection
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Geocronite (TL)
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Am Min 39 (1954), 908
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: No reference listed
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: No reference listed
'Glaskopf'
Reference: Hisinger, W. (1826): Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Leipzig 1826 p 76
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Tillberg, Mikael et al (2014) Au- and Ag-rich phases detected by LA-ICP-MS trace element analysis of sulphide and sulpharsenide minerals in Håkansboda copper-cobalt deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Gonyerite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Habit: Flaky, rosetts
Colour: Golden brown
Reference: Amer.Min.(1955) 40, 1090-1094; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 515.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1985) 49 (353), 611-613
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Guanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Gudmundite (TL)
Formula: FeSbS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: Found in calcite veins in skarn with galena, sphalerite, pyrite and boulangerite. Arsenopyrite is present in the skarn but not in the veins.
Reference: [Zeit. Kryst. (1928) 68, 87 -91; NJMM (1976), 331; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", 274]
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Håleniusite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce)OF
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Grins, J. & Nysten, P. (2004): Håleniusite-(La) from the Bastnäs deposit, Västmanland, Sweden: A new REE oxyfluoride mineral species. Canadian Mineralogist, 42(4): 1097-1103
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
Hancockite
Formula: {CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Harkerite
Formula: Ca12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
Reference: Holtstam, D. & Langhof, J. (1995): Metamorphic harkerite from Nordmarks odalfält, Värmland, Sweden. GFF 117, 151-152.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Harstigite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
Type Locality:
Description: Flink (1917) reported that harstigsite was often found in calcite.
Reference: Flink, G. (1886): Mineralogiska notiser 1. Harstigit från Pajsberg. Bihang till Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 12 (II): 59-63; Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 49-52; Hesse K F, Stümpel G (1986) Crystal structure of harstigite, MnCa6Be4[SiO4]2[Si2O7]2(OH)2. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 177, 143-148
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p. 204-205)
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: No reference listed
Hedyphane (TL)
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Habit: Masses and veins
Colour: Greyish to yellowish to greenish, greasy luster
Reference: Schweigger (1830) J. Chem. Phys.: 60, 310; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857, 902, 1021; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 240; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Heliophyllite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Reference: Flink, G. (1888) Heliophyllit von Pajsberg. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 45: 574-578 ; Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematolite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Igelström (1884), Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm : 85-87; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 778; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"
Hematophanite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
Type Locality:
Reference: [Zeits.Krist.(1928) 68, 102; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Herzenbergite
Formula: SnS
Reference: Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hiärneite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D. (1997) Hiärneite, a new, Zr-Sb oxide mineral isostructural with calzirtite, from Långban, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy: 9: 843-848.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D., and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hisingerite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Eggleton, R.A. and Tilley, D. B. (1998) Hisingerite: A Ferric Kaolin Mineral with Curved Morphology. Clays and Clay Minerals: 46 (4): 400-413.
Hjalmarite (TL)
Formula: {Na}(NaMn}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H. and Karlsson, A. (2017) Hjalmarite, IMA2017-070. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40,December 2017, page 1579; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
'Hjelmite'
Hodrušite
Formula: Cu8Bi12S22
Reference: Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollandite ?
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Black balls together with yellow-orange garnets. EDS analysis gave (Pb0.8Ba0.1Ca0.06)Mn8As0.2 => points to coronadite, another EDS analysis gave (Ba0.68Ca0.11)Mn8 which points to hollandite (Nysten & Lorin 2016)
Reference: Nysten, P. & Lorin, T. (2016) Nyupptäckta Ca-, Mn-, Pb-, Ba-, As- och Sb-förande mineral i Norbergs malmtrakt. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 7-19
Homilite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Reference: Probed 2004 - M.E. Ciriotti
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Humite Group'
'Humite series'
Formula: Mg2nSinO4n•Mg(OH,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hyalotekite (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Habit: Flaky
Colour: Colorless to white to grey
Reference: GFF (1877) 3, 382; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Hydrocerussite (TL)
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Tschermaks Min. Pet. Mitt. 3 (1953), 298; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Hydrohausmannite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Frondel, C. (1953): New manganese oxides: hydrohausmannite and woodruffite. American Mineralogist 38, 761-769.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: Spherulitic
Colour: White
Description: Snow white crystals on brucite.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydroxycalcioroméite
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Description: Composition of the mineral is (Ca1.39Na0.23Mn0.10Pb0.08Bi0.07)1.87(Sb1.64Ti0.25Fe3+0.11)2.00O6.11OH0.89
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010) Ulf Nyberg specimens
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Bačík, P., Uher, P., Ertl, A., Jonsson, E., Nysten, P., Kanický, V. and Vaculovič, T. (2012): Zoned Ree Enriched Dravite from a Granitic Pegmatite in Forshammar Bergslagen Province, Sweden an Empa Xrd and La–Icp-Ms Study. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 825-841; Jonsson, E. (2012): Hydroxylbastnäsit-(Ce) från Forshammar, Bergslagen. Berg & Mineral. 22 (72), 10-11
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019
Hydroxylhedyphane (TL)
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Karlsson, A. and Bosi, F. (2018) Hydroxylhedyphane, IMA 2018-052. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php f=5&t=14984
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Hyttsjöite (TL)
Formula: Pb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 743-753; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Iimoriite-(Y)
Formula: Y2[SiO4][CO3]
Habit: irregular massive
Colour: pale brown to tan-buff
Reference: Kristiansen, Roy (1993): Thalenitt-liknende mineraler fra Åskagen, Sverige. STEIN 20 (19), 7-8 + 58-60
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: No reference listed
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ingersonite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
Reference: Amer.Min.(1988) 73, 405-412; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Jacobsite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Dunn,P.J., Peacor, D.R., Valley, J.W. and Randall, C.W. (1985): Ganomalite from Franklin, New Jersey, and Jakobsberg, Sweden: New Chemical and Crystallographic Data. Mineralogical Magazine. 49: 579-582
'Jacobsite-Q'
Formula: T(Mn2+)M(Fe3+2)O4
Jagoite (TL)
Formula: Pb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1957) 2, 315-317; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
'Jeffersonite'
Formula: Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
Joesmithite (TL)
Formula: {Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Dark Brown
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1968) 36, 876-879; P.B.Moore; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Johnbaumite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3OH
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
'Julgoldite'
Description: Euhedral julgoldite and minor ilvaite occurs in radially oriented crystals in an iron skarn ( Nysten 2016)
Reference: Nysten, P. (2016) Julgoldit och ilvait från Långban. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 20
Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Lithos (1971) 4, 93-99; Canadian Mineralogist(1967) 9, 301; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Julgoldite-(Fe3+) (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Reference: Moore, P.B. (1971): Julgoldite the Fe+2 - Fe+3 dominant pumpellyite. Lithos, 4, 93-99; Passaglia E, Gottardi G (1973) Crystal chemistry and nomenclature of pumpellyites and julgoldites. Canadian Mineralogist, 12, 219-223.
Junoite
Formula: Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kanoite
Formula: Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018, Ulf Nyberg material
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Katoptrite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Reddish brownish to black
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm (1917): 39: 431; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 787, 1030; Mineralogical Magazine (1978): 42, 133-136; Kjell Gatedal.
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Spry, P. G., & Voudouris, P. (2009). Understanding gold-(silver)-telluride-(selenide) mineral deposits. Episodes, 32(4), 249.
Keiviite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Si2O7
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kimuraite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti (2005) Probed
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: No reference listed
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Koutekite
Formula: Cu5As2
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Kupčíkite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Reference: Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999); American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
'Lamprophanite'
Reference: Igelström (1866) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar, Öfv.: 23: 93; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580.
'Lamprostibian'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1030.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Långbanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Reference: Zeits.Krist.Min.(1888) 13, 1-8; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Långbanshyttanite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn2Mg(AsO4)2(OH)4·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: NIKITA V. CHUKANOV, IGOR V. PEKOV, ERIK JONSSON, NATALIA V. ZUBKOVA, YAROSLAV E. FILINCHUK, DMITRIY I. BELAKOVSKIY and DMITRY YU. PUSHCHAROVSKY: Långbanshyttanite, a new low-temperature arsenate mineral with a novel structure from Långban, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy (Fast-track article)
Langhofite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(OH)[WO4(OH)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F. and Karlsson, A. (2019) Langhofite, IMA 2019-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83, 323–328.
Lanthanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lanthanite-(La) ? (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Lanthanite that was first described from Bastnäs, Sweden by Berzelius (1824). In the mid-80s Bastnäs lanthanite was assumed to be La-dominant, and thus named as lanthanite-(La). However Atencio et al. (1989) reexaminates lanthanite from Bastnäs, Sweden and the study indicates that the mineral (at last in the sample studied) studied is Ce- rather than La-dominant. They also discusses the first more complete chemical analysis of lanthanite from Bastnäs, made by Lindstöm in 1910, which not gave the true content of La, since all REE's was not chemically differentiated at that time.
Reference: Haidinger W (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. II. Ordnung. Baryte. III. Cerebaryt. Lanthanit. in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien): 499-506; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 242.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Lorin, T.(2002): Riddaho glimmerbrott, Torsby, Värmland. Litofilen, 19 (2): 8-11 +14
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Lindqvistite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D. & Norrestam, R. (1993): Lindqvistite Pb2MeFe16O27,a novel hexagonal ferrite mineral from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden. American Mineralogist. 78, 1304-1312
Linnaeite (TL)
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Brandt, G. (1746): Rön och anmärkningar angående en synnerlig färg-kobolt. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1746, 119-130; Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Luanheite
Formula: Ag3Hg
Reference: Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Macedonite
Formula: PbTiO3
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: No reference listed
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Habit: Hexagonal platy singel crystals
Colour: Brown
Description: Crystals up to 3mm in a dolomite rock,even as platy vein fillings. Might be overlooked as mica due to it's similarety.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 191 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Magnetoplumbite (TL)
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Aminoff (1925) GFF vol. 47, 283-289; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Magnetoplumbite var: Barian magnetoplumbite
Formula: (Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Habit: microscopic grains (generally ≤0.1 mm)
Description: In locally remobilized braunite‐silicate ore
Reference: Holtstam, D. (1997): Barian magnetoplumbite from Mangruvan, Örebro, Sweden. GFF. 119, 17-19.
'Magnetostibian'
Habit: Grains
Colour: Black
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
Magnussonite (TL)
Formula: Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Habit: Euhedral crystal > 1mm
Colour: Bluish green to pale green
Description: 23.16
Reference: Gabrielson, O. (1956): Magnussonite, a new arsenite mineral from the Långban mine, Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi. 2, 133-135; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Manganarsite (TL)
Formula: Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1986) 71, 1517-1521; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganberzeliite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: Igelström, L. J. (1878) Pyrrhoarsénite, nouveau minéral de Sjoegrufvan, paroisse de Grythyttan, gouvernement d'OErebro, Suède. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie, 9: 218-220
Manganhumite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Habit: Grains, perfect cleavage (mm)
Colour: Orange
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 133-136
Mangani-pargasite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Hålenius, U., Bosi, F. and Jonsson, E. (2019) Mangani-pargasite, IMA 2018-151. CNMNC Newsletter No. 48, April 2019: xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 83: xxx-xxx
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Manganogrunerite
Formula: ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Manganohörnesite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Gabrielson, O. (1951) Manganiferous hoernesite and manganese-hoernesite from Långban, Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi, 1 (11): 333-337; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Manganostibite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1884): 7, 210; Mineralogical Magazine (1978): 42, 133-136.
Manganvesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Description: Modern analyses, as well as historical analyses, have shown that the former variety, manganvesuvianite from the Langban District is a manganoan vesuvianite. Currently, manganvesuvianite [q.v.] in a vesuvianite group mineral containing trivalant Mn.
Reference: Groat, Lee A. and Evans, R. James (2012) Crystal Chemistry of Bi- and Mn-bearing Vesuvianite from Langban, Sweden, American Mineralogist, v. 97, p. 1627-1634.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Margarosanite
Formula: Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melanostibian'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)6(SbO3)2O3
Habit: Tiny, prismatic
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs in veinlets in dolomite.
Reference: Igelström, L. J. (1893): Melanostibian, ein neues mineral von der Manganerzgrube Sjögrufvan, Kirchspiel Grythyttan, Gouvernement Örebro, Schweden. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie. 21, 246-248
Melanostibite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
Type Locality:
Reference: Zeits.Kryst.Min.(1893) 21, 246-248; J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); Moore, P. B. (1972). III. On Igelström's Manganese Arsenates and Antimonates from the Sjö Mine, Grythyttan, Örebro County, Sweden. GFF, 94(3), 423-434.
Melanotekite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 502.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Co-rich Melonite
Formula: (Ni,Co)Te2
Reference: Alm, E. & Sundblad, K. (1992): Mineralogical and lead isotopic control of polymetallic quartz veins, southwestern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 114,450-451
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Rammelsberg, C. F. (1880) Die Chemische Nature der meteoriten: 2 Abh, Königliche acadamie der Wissenschaft: G. Vogt. 64 pages.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Reference: Jongejan, A. & Westerveld, J. (1949): A Few Data on the Copper Ore Deposits near Värmskog in Värmland, Sweden. GFF.71,577-594 (583)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Miharaite
Formula: Cu4FePbBiS6
Reference: No reference listed
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: No reference listed
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Description: rich earthy masses with native lead
Reference: Dr. Gunter Grundmann collection, #932.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1985) 49 (353), 611-613
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 89 localities in this region.
Molybdophyllite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8O2(CO3)3] · H2O
Reference: GFF (1918) 40, 923-938; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; U. Kolitsch, S. Merlino and D. Holtstam (2012): Molybdophyllite: crystal chemistry, crystal structure, OD character and modular relationships with britvinite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 493-516.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
'Monimolite' (FRL)
Formula: Pb2Sb5+2O7
Reference: Igelström (1865) Öfversigt KVA handl, pp. 227-9; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1023..
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Morelandite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1978) 17, 601-604
Moschellandsbergite
Formula: Ag2Hg3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321; Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
'Munkrudite'
Formula: Al2SiO5 ?
Reference: Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 28: 311; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Damourite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Damourite pseudomorphs after pyrophysalite ( = topaz) has been described by V. Peterson from this locality (Wallerius 1932)
Reference: GFF 2, 404 ; Wallerius, I. D. (1932): Omvandlad pyrofysalit. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 54, 279-280
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Damman, A.H.(1989): Hydrothermal orthoamphibole-bearing assemblages from the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, central Sweden. American Mineralogist. 74, 573-585
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Nasonite
Formula: Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Neotocite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Fleischer's Glossary of Mineral Species 2004
Nevskite
Formula: Bi(Se,S)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Wilke H-J. Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. München : Weise,; c1997
Norbergite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Geijer, P. (1926): Norbergite and Fluoborite, two new minerals from the Norberg mining district. Preliminary report. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 48, 84-85; Jansson, M. Förekomster med ceriummineral i stråket Möklinta, Norberg, Riddarhyttan och Nora.
Nordströmite (TL)
Formula: CuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Sundius, N. and Blix, R. (1965) Norsethite from Långban. Arkiv. Mineral. Geol. 4: 277–278.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Holtstam, D. and Langhof, J. (eds.) (1999) Långban: The mines, their minerals, geology and explorers. Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, 216 pp. (pp. 89-183).
Olmiite
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Örebroite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P. J., Peacor, D. R., Erd, R. C. & Ramik, R. A. (1986): Franciscanite and örebroite, two new minerals from California and Sweden, related to redefined welinite. American Mineralogist. 71, 1522-1526 ; Holtstam, D. (2001): W and V mineralization in Långban-type Fe-Mn deposits: Epigenetic or Syngenetic? Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 123: 29-33
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Orthochamosite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: Excalibur Mineral Company specimen. Jeff Weissman Photo (146569)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthopinakiolite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 551-555; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Ottrélite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Oxycalcioroméite
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Reference: Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 69: 995-1018; Atencio, D., Andrade, M.B., Christy, A.G., Gieré, R., Kartashov, P.M. (2010) The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 673-698.
Oxyplumboroméite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Habit: rounded grains or imperfect octahedra
Colour: yellow to brownish yellow
Description: Found in fissure fillings in tephroite skarn.
Reference: Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F. (2013) Oxyplumboroméite, IMA 2013-042. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3000; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Hålenius, U. and Bosi, F. (2013): Oxyplumboroméite, Pb2Sb2O7, a new mineral species of the pyrochlore supergroup from Harstigen mine, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2931-2939.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Paracostibite
Formula: CoSbS
Paraschachnerite
Formula: Ag3Hg2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321; Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
Parwelite (TL)
Formula: Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Type Locality:
Description: 10 specimens acquired listed in the database of Riksmusset in Stockholm + a couple of others in priavte collections.
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1969) 4, 467-472; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Paulmooreite (TL)
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Type Locality:
Reference: Araki, T. , Moore, P.B. and Brunton, G.D. (1980). "The crystal structure of paulmooreite Pb2(As2O5): dimeric arsenite groups." American Mineralogist, 65(3/4), 340-345; Am. Min. (1979) 64, 352-354; Rocks & Min.: 63:228; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pectolite var: Manganoan Pectolite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Habit: fibrous
Colour: rose
Description: As fracture-fillings in Mn-diopside. XRD indicates a compostion intermediate between pectolite and serandite
Reference: Nysten, P. (1990): Mineralogiska notiser rörande Harstigen. Långbansnytt. vol 6 [reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2,162-163]
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11S18
Reference: No reference listed
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Percleveite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2Si2O7
Reference: Holtstam, D., Norrestam, R. and Andersson, U. B. (2003): Percleveite-(Ce) - a new lanthanide disilicate mineral from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, 15, 725-731; Lapis 28(10), 60 (2003); Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Perite (TL)
Formula: PbBiClO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 565-570; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Oen, I. S. & Kieft, C. (1984): Paragenetic relations of Bi-, Ag-, Au-, and other tellurides in bornite veins at Glava, Värmland, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 149, 245-266.; Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.; Jonsson, E. (2016). Te-Se-Au-Ag-Bi-rich polymetallic vein mineralization south of Glava, SW Sweden. In NGWM 2016 (p. 132).
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Philolithite (TL)
Formula: Pb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineral.Rec.(1997) 28, 55; Mineral.Rec.(1998) 29; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Picrotephroite'
Reference: No reference listed
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pilawite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Al4(SiO4)4O2(OH)2
Reference: http://www.jachymov2016.cz/abstracts (pp. 89-92)
Pinakiolite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Zeits.Krist.Min.(1890) 18, 361-365; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 325; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pinakiolite var: Sb-rich pinakiolite
Formula: Mg1.90Mn0.91Sb0.19O2BO3
Reference: Hansen, S., U. Hålenius, and B. Lindqvist (1988) Antimony-rich pinakiolite from Långban, Sweden: a new structural variety. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 231–239
'Platynite'
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist vol . 37,p p. 1313-1315 (1999)
'Pleurasite'
Formula: Mn, Fe, AsO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 845.
Plumboferrite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19
Reference: Igelström (1881) Öfvers. KVA handl 38, 27-31; Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 1065-1072
Plumbonacrite
Formula: Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Reference: S. Krivovichev (unpublished data)
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: GFF (1984) 106:4, 305-317
Potassic-richterite (TL)
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H. and Karlsson, A. (2018) Potassic-richterite, IMA 2017-102. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 447; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 445–451.;
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
'Powellite-Scheelite Series'
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Kjell Gatedal photo
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 108 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Pyroaurite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Am Min 26 (1941); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Pyroaurite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Progr.Abstr.Min.Soc.Amer.(1940) p. 6; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Pyrobelonite (TL)
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Longprismatic
Colour: Deep red
Description: Crystals of Pyrobelonite are exremely rare.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1919): 41, 433; Mineralogical Record: 14: 203; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: http://www.k1q.net/skarn/articles/article43.pdf
Pyrochroite (TL)
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [Am Min 50 (1965), 1296; MinRec 1:165]
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrophanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Hamberg, A. (1890): Mineralogische studien. 10. Über pyrophanit, eine mit dem titaneisen isomorphe verbindung der zusammensetzung MnTiO3, von Harstigen. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 12, 598-604; RRUFF ID: R070211
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: W. Hisinger (1815) Kemisk undersökning af åtskillige Fossilier 1. Analys af Pyrodmalith från Nordmarks grufvor. Afhandlingar i fysik, kemi och mineralogi, Vol. 4: 317-327
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Pyroxferroite
Formula: (Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Reference: Holtstam, D. (2001): Pyroxferroit, ett månmineral från Väster Silvberg, Dalarna. Litiofilen. 18(2), 23-25
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 89 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quenselite (TL)
Formula: PbMnO2(OH)
Habit: Prismatic crystals
Colour: Dark Brown
Reference: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 134, 321 (1971); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Quintinite-2H'
Habit: Hexagonal crystals up to 3 mm, forming aggregates up to 10-15mm with a high reflectance.
Colour: Beige to white
Description: Found by Urban Strand in an assemblage called "kataspilite" by Igelström (1867), distinct grey aggregates in a dark rock. Later showed to be a mixture of cordierite and scpolite group minerals (Törnebohm 1882). Quintinite-2H is found in cracks in this rock.
Reference: Strand, U. (2016) Quintinit-2H, ett nytt mineral för Långban. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 21-23
Rambergite (TL)
Formula: MnS
Type Locality:
Description: Amphibole rich skarn section in dolomitic marble at the 990 m level.
Reference: [GFF 118 (1996), A53; MinRec 33:168]
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Ransätite'
Formula: near (Mn,Ca,Mg)3(Fe3+,Al)4Si6O21
Reference: No reference listed
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Retzian-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Reference: Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala (1895): 2, 54-59; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 795.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Richterite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1865): Mineralogische Studien. 25. Ricterit. 32 Scheffferit. Berg- und Huettenmænnische Zeitung. 24, 364-364; American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 518; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Richterite var: Astochite
Formula: {Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 2. Astochit, en ny led af amfibolgruppen. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13, 604-607.
Richterite var: Marmairolite
Formula: {Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: An obsolete name for a Långban variety of richterite.
Reference: Holst, N.O. (1875): Matricit och marmairolite, tvänne nya mineralier från Värmland. GFF 2, 527-531
Rinmanite (TL)
Formula: Zn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Gatedal, K., Söderberg, K. & Norrestam, R. (2001): Rinmanite, Zn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2, a new mineral species with a nolanite-type structure from the Garpenberg Norra Mine, Dalarna, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist, 39 : 1675-1683
Roeblingite
Formula: Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Roméite Group var: Atopite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2Sb2(O,F,OH)7
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021.
'Roméite Group var: Mauzeliite'
Formula: (Pb,Ca,Na)2(Sb,Ti)2(O,OH,F)7
'Roméite Group var: Weslienite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1021.
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rouseite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1986) 71, 1034-1036; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Rustumite
Formula: Ca10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Sahlinite (TL)
Formula: Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
Reference: Aminoff (1934) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 56: 493-494; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Samsonite
Formula: Ag4MnSb2S6
Reference: [GFF 118, A53; MinRec 33:168]; American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 1117.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sarkinite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Sjögren, A. (1885): Sarkinit, ett nytt manganarseniat frän Pajsbergs Jern och mangan-malmsgrufva i Filipstads bergslag. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 724-726;Flink, G. & Hamberg, A. (1888): Om kristalliserad sarkinit (polyarsenit) från Harstigsgrufvan vid Pajsberg. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 10, 380-387; Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 681.
Sarkinite var: Xanthoarsenite
Formula: Mn2(As,Sb)O4OH
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 858.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Schachnerite
Formula: Ag1.1Hg0.9
Reference: Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
Schallerite
Formula: Mn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17
Reference: Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13 Nysten, P. (1995): The Harstigen Mine. A Compilation. Långbanssällskapet. Skrifter och rapporter n:o 1
Scheelite (TL)
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: Cronstedt, A. F. (1751) : Rön och Försök Gjorde med trenne Järnmalms arter. Kongl.Svenska VetenskapsAcademien Handlingar 1751: 226-231; Hisinger, W. (1826): Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Leipzig 1826 p.77
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schröckingerite
Formula: NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Holtstam, D. (2002): Cobaltkieserite, CoSO4·H2O, a new mineral species from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 124, 117-119
Sekaninaite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Damman, A.H.(1989): Hydrothermal orthoamphibole-bearing assemblages from the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, central Sweden. American Mineralogist. 74, 573-585
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38. (in Swedish)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
'Sjogruvite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 845.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/smolyaninovite.pdf
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: No reference listed
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Spodiosite'
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Stenhuggarite (TL)
Formula: CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Moore, P.B. (1970) Stenhuggarite, a new mineral from Långban and new data on magnussonite. Arkiv Mineral. Geol., 5(6), 55–62; Amer. Mineral. (1971) 56, 636–637 (abs.). Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
'Stibiatil'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1030.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane var: Ekmanite
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Colour: Silver, blue anisotropic in reflected light x-nicols
Description: Usually seen when Ag and Cu appears together
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Oen, I. S. & Kieft, C. (1984): Paragenetic relations of Bi-, Ag-, Au-, and other tellurides in bornite veins at Glava, Värmland, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 149, 245-266.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sundiusite (TL)
Formula: Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P. J. and Rouse, R. S. (1980): Sundiusite, a new lead sulfate oxychloride from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist 65, 506-508.; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Svabite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1892): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Part I: 7. Svabite a new member of the apatite group. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala. 1, 50–56.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Svanbergite has never been found at Långban
Reference: K.Gatedal
Sverigeite (TL)
Formula: NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: GFF,(1984) 106, 175-177; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Swedenborgite (TL)
Formula: NaBe4Sb5+O7
Type Locality:
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min. (1924): 60, 262; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1028; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Synadelphite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in drusy cavities in manganese ore.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar (1884): 7: 382; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782..
Synadelphite var: Hemafibrite
Formula: Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Reference: Igelström (1884), Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 85-87; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: No reference listed
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Takéuchiite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1980) 65, 1130-1133; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: SEM-EDS Andreas Karlsson (sample NRM# 20140339)
Taramellite
Formula: Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tavagnascoite
Formula: Bi4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: First recgonized by Soenke Stolze. SEM-EDS and Raman confirmed by Joy Desor.
Tegengrenite (TL)
Formula: (Mn3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mg2O4
Habit: Singel crystal masses
Colour: Deep red
Description: Mostly together with filipstadite, katoptrite,sonolite and rearly manganostibite.
Reference: [Am Min (2000) 85, 1315–1320; MinRec 32:311] Kjell Gatedal
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Oen, I. S. & Kieft, C. (1984): Paragenetic relations of Bi-, Ag-, Au-, and other tellurides in bornite veins at Glava, Värmland, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 149, 245-266.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Eriksson,Gunnar and Kieft, Kees - Harmsarvet, a silver-rich ore in South Central Sweden GFF1980 p 57-65
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tephroite var: Magnesian tephroite
Reference: Holtstam, D., Cámara, F., Skogby, H., Karlsson, A., Langhof, J. (2019): Description and recognition of potassic-richterite, an amphibole supergroup mineral from the Pajsberg ore field, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology, 113, 7-16.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Reference: GFF (1984) 106:4, 305-317
Tetrawickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Habit: Pseudocubic crystals with truncated corners or as crystals with pseudooctaedral habit. Some crystals are slightly deformed and rounded and may appera nearly rhombic in appearance
Colour: Bright yellow
Description: Tungstenian
Reference: Dunn, P.J. (1978): Tungstenian tetrawickmanite from Långban, Sweden. Mineralogical record.9, 41; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Thalénite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Reference: Benedicks C (1898): Mötet den 3 November 1898 [Thalénit, frän Österby i Dalarne]. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 20, 308-312; Škoda, R., Plášil, J., Jonsson, E., Čopjaková, R., Langhof, J., Vašinová Galiová, M. (2015): Redefinition of thalénite-(Y) and discreditation of fluorthalénite-(Y): A re-investigation of type material from the Österby pegmatite, Dalarna, Sweden, and from additional localities. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 965-983.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Habit: long prismatic crystals up to 10 cm
Colour: greyish green
Description: Contents high concentrations of mainly Y. "The Sc-and Y-rich silicate from Holmtjärnsgruvan may be a Y-dominant species" (Langhof 1996)
Reference: Langhof, J. (1996): Thortveitite from granitic NYF pegmatites in Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger 118, A54
Tilasite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1895): Preliminära meddelanden om några undersökningar på svenska mineral. 4. Tilasit eller fluor-adelit från Långban. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 17, 291-294; Rocks & Min.: 60:243; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Tin
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Törnebohmite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Description: First described as Törnebohmite.
Reference: Geijer,P. (1920). The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 24; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Trigonite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
Type Locality:
Description: 23.12
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1920) 42, 436; Rocks & Min.: 62:166; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1033; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Trimerite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Reference: Hey's Mineral Index (1993)/ Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Turneaureite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Petersen, E. U., Peacor D. R. (1985) Turneaureite, a new member of the apatite group from Franklin, New Jersey, Balmat, New York and Långban, Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23: 251-254
Twinnite
Formula: Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Reference: Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce15Ca)Σ16Mg2(SiO4)10(SiO3OH)(OH,F)5Cl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U. and Kolitsch, U. (2017) Ulfanderssonite- (Ce), IMA 2016-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 407; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., Kolitsch, U., Mansfeld, J. (2017): Ulfanderssonite-(Ce), a new Cl-bearing REE silicate mineral species from the Malmkärra mine, Norberg, Sweden. Eur. J. Mineral. 29, 1015-1026.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1983-04-BO:FeMgMnSb'
Formula: (Mg,Mn)2(Mn3+,Sb3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., Simmons, W.B., Newbury, D. (1983): Fredrikssonite, a new member of the pinakiolite series from Långban, Sweden. Geologiska Föireningeus i Stockholm Fördhandlinger: 105(4): 335-340; in: Dunn, P.J., Chao, G.Y., Fitzpatrick, J.J., Langley, R.H., Fleischer, M., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 231
'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn (Also known as Mineral D)'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Fe3+,Al)15(AsO3)(AsO4)2(OH)23
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R. (1983): A ferric iron equivalent of hematolite from Sterling Hill, New Jersey and Långban, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 381-385; in: Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Langley, R.H., Kissin, S.A., Shigley, J.A., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 814
'UM1984-09-AsO:ClHMn' (FRL)
Formula: Mn10As6O18(OH)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer. Min. 69,800(1984)
'UM1984-34-Sb:AsCoNi'
Formula: (Co,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Reference: Zakrzewski, M.A. (1984): Ore minerals from the Getberg mine, Långban area, Sweden; the probable Co-analogue of nisbite. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsch.: 145-154; in: Dunn, P.D., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1985): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 70: 439
'UM1985-25-SiO:AlCaMgPb'
Formula: Pb7(Ca,Mg)Al3Si5O22(OH) ?
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., Valley, J.W., Randall, C.A. (1985): Ganomalite from Franklin, New Jersey, and Jakobsberg, Sweden: New Chemical and Crystallographic Data. Mineralogical Magazine: 49(353): 579-582
'UM1986-05-AsO:HMn'
Formula: Mn3As2O4(OH)4
Reference: Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Wicks, F.J. (1986): Arsenites related to layer silicates: Manganarsite, the arsenite analogue of manganpyrosmalite and unnamed analogues of friedelite and schallerite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist: 71: 1517-1521
'UM1986-06-AsO:HMn'
Formula: Mn3As2O4(OH)4
Reference: Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Wicks, F.J. (1986): Arsenites related to layer silicates: Manganarsite, the arsenite analogue of manganpyrosmalite and unnamed analogues of friedelite and schallerite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist: 71: 1517-1521
'UM2007-35-SiO:AlCaFFeMgREE'
Formula: Ca(Ce,La)3Al2Fe2+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(OH)2F
'UM2007-36-SiO:AlCaFFeMgREE'
Formula: (Ce,La)3CaAl2(Fe3+,Al)(Mg,Fe2+)[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
'UM2007-39-SiO:ClFHMgREE'
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9Mg(SiO4)3(SiO3OH)4(Cl,F,OH)3•nH2O(?)
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
'UM2007-40-SiO:FMgREE'
Formula: (Y,Ce,Nd)4MgSi4O14F2
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
'UM2007-41-SiO:FeMgREEW'
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Ca)5Mg(Fe3+,Al)3WSi5O26
Reference: Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
'Unnamed (Cu-Zn-In Sulphide)'
Formula: CuZn2InS4
Reference: Kieft, K. & Damman, A. H. (1990): Indium-bearing chalcopyrite and sphalerite from the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine 54, 109-112.
'Unnamed (Mcgovernite-like mineral 2)'
Colour: Yellow-brown
Description: Sufficient analytical data to ascribe this material to mcgovernite is lacking.
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
'Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Ferriallanite-(Ce))'
Formula: {CaCe}{(Fe3+,Al)Al(Mg,Fe2+)}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: see http://www.mindat.org/photo-215824.html for EDX spectra
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Kjell Gatedal
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Valleriite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Öfvers. KVA handl.(1870) 27, 19
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Colour: White
Description: As mm grains in feltspare veins
Reference: K.Gatedal
Västmanlandite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2F
Reference: Holtstam D., Kolitsch U. and Andersson U. (2005): Västmanlandite-(Ce) - a new lanthanide- and F-bearing sorosilicate mineral from Västmanland, Sweden: description, crystal structure, and relation to gatelite-(Ce). European Journal of Mineralogy, 17: 129-142; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., Kolitsch, U., Mansfeld, J. (2017) Ulfanderssonite-(Ce), a new Cl-bearing REE silicate mineral species from the Malmkärra mine, Norberg, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 1015-1026.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Vesuvianite var: Manganoan Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: No reference listed
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Oen, I. S. & Kieft, C. (1984): Paragenetic relations of Bi-, Ag-, Au-, and other tellurides in bornite veins at Glava, Värmland, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 149, 245-266.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7
Reference: No reference listed
'Wad'
Weibullite (TL)
Formula: Pb5Bi8Se7S11
Type Locality:
Reference: Weibull, M. (1885): Om selenhaltig galenobismutit från Falu grufva. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 7, 657-666; Arkiv Kemi Min.Geol.(1910) 3, 4; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Welinite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 407-411; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Welshite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 129-132; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wenkite
Formula: (Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Wermlandite (TL)
Formula: Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Lithos,(1971) 4, 213-217; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wickmanite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 395-399; MinRec: 4:27, 13:238; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Wiklundite (TL)
Formula: Pb2[4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Langhof,J., Hålenius,U. and Holtstam,D.(2015) Wiklundite, IMA2015-057.CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1227; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236; Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Langhof, J., Hålenius, U., Holtstam, D. (2017): Wiklundite, ideally Pb2[4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6, a new mineral from Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 81, 841-855.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Willyamite
Formula: CoSbS
Reference: No reference listed
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wittite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Type Locality:
Reference: Arkiv Kemi Min.Geol.(1924) 9, 2; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Colour: Yellow, grayish white (rare)
Description: Yellow pyramidal crystals up to 3 mm, normally smaller. Bladed crystals are very rare.
Reference: Sandström, F. & Lorin, T.(2008): Lovisagruvan, Lindesberg. Litofilen 25 (1): 18-38
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Xocomecatlite
Formula: Cu3(TeO4)(OH)4
Reference: Jonsson, E. (2016). Te-Se-Au-Ag-Bi-rich polymetallic vein mineralization south of Glava, SW Sweden. In NGWM 2016 (p. 132).
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yeatmanite
Formula: Zn6Mn2+9Sb5+2(SiO4)4O12
Reference: Nysten, P. (2003): Yeatmanite and magnussonite from the Garpenberg Norra mine, Bergslagen ore province, Sweden. Can. Mineral., 41, 201-206.
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
'Yttrocrasite-(Y)'
Formula: (Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'
Formula: (Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zenzénite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Fe4Mn3O15
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1991) 29, 347-354; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Nysten, P. (2003): Yeatmanite and magnussonite from the Garpenberg Norra mine, Bergslagen ore province, Sweden. Can. Mineral., 41, 201-206
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Zoisite var: Thulite ?
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Berg & Mineral, nr 2 (1991), p.5

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony (TL)1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Luanheite1.AD.15bAg3Hg
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Moschellandsbergite1.AD.15dAg2Hg3
Paraschachnerite1.AD.15aAg3Hg2
Schachnerite1.AD.15aAg1.1Hg0.9
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Ardaite2.LB.30Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Berryite (TL)2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Cannizzarite2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Costibite2.EB.10dCoSbS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprostibite2.AA.20Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Domeykite-β2.AA.Cu3-xAs
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Friedrichite2.HB.05aPb5Cu5Bi7S18
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Selenian Galena2.CD.10Pb(S,Se)
Galenobismutite (TL)2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Geocronite (TL)2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Guanajuatite2.DB.05Bi2Se3
Gudmundite (TL)2.EB.20FeSbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Herzenbergite2.CD.05SnS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hodrušite2.JA.10cCu8Bi12S22
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Junoite2.JB.25aCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Kostovite2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Koutekite2.AA.10dCu5As2
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Kupčíkite2.JA.10bCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite (TL)2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Co-rich Melonite2.EA.20(Ni,Co)Te2
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Miharaite2.LB.05Cu4FePbBiS6
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nevskite2.DC.05Bi(Se,S)
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nisbite2.EB.15aNiSb2
Nordströmite (TL)2.JB.25cCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Paracostibite2.EB.10eCoSbS
Pekoite2.HB.05aPbCuBi11S18
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
'Platynite'2..
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Rambergite (TL)2.CB.45MnS
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Samsonite2.GA.15Ag4MnSb2S6
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
var: Bismuthian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu12(Sb,Bi)4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Twinnite2.HC.05a Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite (TL)2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Weibullite (TL)2.JB.25hPb5Bi8Se7S11
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Willyamite2.EB.25CoSbS
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wittite (TL)2.JB.20Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Blixite (TL)3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Ecdemite (TL)3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fluocerite-(Ce) (TL)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluocerite-(La)3.AC.15(La,Ce)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrocerite3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Heliophyllite (TL)3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Hematophanite (TL)3.DB.35Pb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
Håleniusite-(La) (TL)3.DE.05(La,Ce)OF
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Perite (TL)3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Armangite (TL)4.JB.20Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Bromellite (TL)4.AB.20BeO
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite ?4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
var: Reinite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferronigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Filipstadite (TL)4.BB.05(Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Finnemanite (TL)4.JB.45Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Freedite (TL)4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Gahnite (TL)4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
var: Manganoan Gahnite4.BB.05(Zn,Mn)Al2O4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hiärneite (TL)4.DL.10(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
Hollandite ?4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ingersonite (TL)4.DH.40Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
Jacobsite (TL)4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
'Jacobsite-Q'4.BB.10T(Mn2+)M(Fe3+2)O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lindqvistite (TL)4.CC.45Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Macedonite4.CC.35PbTiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Magnetoplumbite (TL)4.CC.45(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
var: Barian magnetoplumbite4.CC.45(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
Magnussonite (TL)4.JB.15Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Manganarsite (TL)4.JB.10Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite4.AB.25MnO
Manganostibite (TL)4.BA.10(Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Melanostibite (TL)4.CB.05Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
'Monimolite' (TL)4.DH.20Pb2Sb5+2O7
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyplumboroméite (TL)4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Paulmooreite (TL)4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Plumboferrite (TL)4.CC.45Pb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite (TL)4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite (TL)4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Quenselite (TL)4.FE.30PbMnO2(OH)
Rinmanite (TL)4.CB.40Zn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
'var: Atopite'4.DH.(Ca,Na)2Sb2(O,F,OH)7
'var: Mauzeliite'4.DH.(Pb,Ca,Na)2(Sb,Ti)2(O,OH,F)7
'var: Weslienite'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rouseite (TL)4.JC.15Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stenhuggarite (TL)4.JB.35CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
Swedenborgite (TL)4.AC.05NaBe4Sb5+O7
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tegengrenite (TL)4.BB.20(Mn3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mg2O4
Tetrawickmanite4.FC.15Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Trigonite (TL)4.JB.40Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
'UM1984-09-AsO:ClHMn' (TL)4.JB.15Mn10As6O18(OH)Cl
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wickmanite (TL)4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
'Yttrocrasite-(Y)'4.DG.05(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
Yttrotantalite-(Y)4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Zenzénite (TL)4.CC.55Pb3Fe4Mn3O15
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Andersonite5.ED.30Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite (TL)5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'5.DA.45Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)(OH)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)5.BD.20aNd(CO3)(OH)
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kimuraite-(Y)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lanthanite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lanthanite-(La) ? (TL)5.CC.25(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Liebigite5.ED.20Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Philolithite (TL)5.BF.35Pb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4
Plumbonacrite5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Pyroaurite (TL)5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyroaurite-2H' (TL)5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Schröckingerite5.EG.05NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Blatterite (TL)6.AB.40Sb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Fluoborite (TL)6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Fredrikssonite (TL)6.AB.30Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Harkerite6.AB.70Ca12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Orthopinakiolite (TL)6.AB.40(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Pinakiolite (TL)6.AB.35(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
var: Sb-rich pinakiolite6.AB.35Mg1.90Mn0.91Sb0.19O2BO3
Szaibélyite6.BA.15MgBO2(OH)
Takéuchiite (TL)6.AB.40(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Botryogen (TL)7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cobaltkieserite (TL)7.CB.05CoSO4 · H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite (TL)7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Sundiusite (TL)7.BD.70Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wermlandite (TL)7.DD.35Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Xocomecatlite7.BB.50Cu3(TeO4)(OH)4
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adelite (TL)8.BH.35CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Akrochordite (TL)8.DD.10(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Allactite (TL)8.BE.30Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Arakiite (TL)8.BE.45(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Arseniopleite (TL)8.AC.10(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Arsenoclasite (TL)8.BD.10Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Bergslagite (TL)8.BA.10CaBeAsO4(OH)
Berzeliite (TL)8.AC.25(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Brandtite (TL)8.CG.10Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Caryinite (TL)8.AC.10(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Chlorapatite (TL)8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
var: Munkforssite (TL)8.BN.05(Ca,Mn)5(PO4)2(Cl,F)
Dixenite (TL)8.BE.45CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eveite (TL)8.BB.30Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Flinkite (TL)8.BE.30Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gabrielsonite (TL)8.BH.35PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Hedyphane (TL)8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Hematolite (TL)8.BE.45(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Johnbaumite8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Manganberzeliite (TL)8.AC.25NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
Manganohörnesite (TL)8.CE.40(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Morelandite (TL)8.BN.05Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
Parwelite (TL)8.BD.15Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Pyrobelonite (TL)8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Retzian-(Ce) (TL)8.BM.05Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Sahlinite (TL)8.BO.20Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
Sarkinite (TL)8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Xanthoarsenite8.BB.15Mn2(As,Sb)O4OH
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Smolyaninovite8.CH.55Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Svabite (TL)8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3F
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Synadelphite (TL)8.BE.50Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
var: Hemafibrite8.BE.50Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Tilasite (TL)8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Turneaureite (TL)8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Urbanite (TL)9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Akatoreite9.BH.15Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Alamosite9.DO.20PbSiO3
Albite (TL)9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Nd) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alleghanyite9.AF.45Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Aminoffite (TL)9.BH.05Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Bredbergite9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)3Fe2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Asteroite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Axinite-(Mg)9.BD.20Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bannisterite9.EG.75(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Barylite (TL)9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Barysilite (TL)9.BC.20Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britvinite (TL)9.EG.70[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Calderite9.AD.25(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Caryopilite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celsian (TL)9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerite-(Ce) (TL)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
var: Leuchtenbergite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine ?9.BG.35Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Schefferite9.DA.15(Ca,Mn)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Si2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dollaseite-(Ce) (TL)9.BG.05{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)F
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ericssonite (TL)9.BE.25BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
'Ericssonite-2O' (TL)9.BE.25BaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-winchite9.DE.20☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferriallanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferriperbøeite-(Ce) (TL)9.BG.9.BG(CaCe3)(Fe3+Al2Fe2+)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3O(OH)2
Ferripyrophyllite9.EC.10Fe3+Si2O5(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Ferro-ferri-winchite'9.DE.20☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorbritholite-(Y)9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gadolinite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Ganomalite (TL)9.BG.25Pb9Ca5Mn(Si2O7)4(SiO4)O
Ganophyllite (TL)9.EG.30(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Gatelite-(Ce)9.BG.50CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Gonyerite (TL)9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hancockite9.BG.05a{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Harstigite (TL)9.BF.05Ca6(Mn,Mg)Be4Si6(O,OH)24
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite (TL)9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Homilite9.AJ.20Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Hyalotekite (TL)9.CH.05(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)
Hyttsjöite (TL)9.EG.60Pb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2O
Iimoriite-(Y)9.AH.05Y2[SiO4][CO3]
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jagoite (TL)9.EG.50Pb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6
Joesmithite (TL)9.DE.10{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Julgoldite-(Fe2+) (TL)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Julgoldite-(Fe3+) (TL)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kanoite9.DA.10Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katoptrite (TL)9.AE.40(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Keiviite-(Y)9.BC.05Y2Si2O7
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Långbanite (TL)9.AG.10Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Manganhumite (TL)9.AF.50(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Manganvesuvianite ?9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Margarosanite9.CA.25Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanotekite (TL)9.BE.80Pb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Molybdophyllite (TL)9.HH.25Pb8Mg9[Si10O28(OH)8O2(CO3)3] · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Damourite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nasonite9.BE.77Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite (TL)9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite (TL)9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Olmiite9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
'Orthochamosite'9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Ottrélite9.AF.85(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
var: Manganoan Pectolite9.DG.05Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Pennantite9.EC.55Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Percleveite-(Ce) (TL)9.BC.35(Ce,La,Nd)2Si2O7
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Potassic-richterite (TL)9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe) (TL)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyroxferroite9.DO.05(Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite (TL)9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Astochite9.DE.20{Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Marmairolite9.DE.20{Na}{Na(Ca,Mn)}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roeblingite9.CB.05Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Rustumite9.BG.30Ca10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schallerite9.EE.15Mn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sekaninaite9.CJ.10(Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sonolite9.AF.55Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
var: Ekmanite9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sverigeite (TL)9.AE.15NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taramellite9.CE.20Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
var: Magnesian tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thalénite-(Y) (TL)9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trimerite (TL)9.AB.05CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Törnebohmite-(Ce) (TL)9.AG.45(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
var: Manganoan Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)9.BG.40(Y,Yb)4Al2.5-1.5(Si,Al)1.5-2.5(SiO4)4O(OH)7
Västmanlandite-(Ce) (TL)9.BG.55Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2F
Welinite (TL)9.AF.75Mn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
Welshite (TL)9.DH.40Ca4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]
Wenkite9.GD.25(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yeatmanite9.AE.45Zn6Mn2+9Sb5+2(SiO4)4O12
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite ?9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Åskagenite-(Nd) (TL)9.BG.05b{Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2
Örebroite (TL)9.AF.75Mn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'var: Pyrorthite'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Asbestos'-
'Asbestos hedyphane'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Basiliite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Manganophyllite' (TL)-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chloroarsenian'-
'Chondrostibian'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Delhuyarite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Epidote Supergroup'-A2M3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fahlunite'-(Mg,Fe)Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fayalite-Tephroite Series'-
'var: Knebelite'-from (Fe1.5Mn0.5)2SiO4 to (Mn1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluorcalcioroméite-(Ca,Na,◻)2Sb5+2(O,OH)6F
'Fluornatroroméite'-(Na,Ca)2Sb2(O,OH)6F
'Fluoro-arfvedsonite' ?-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22F2
Folvikite (TL)-Sb5+Mn3+(Mg,Mn2+)10O8(BO3)4
'Gadolinite'-
Gadolinite-(Nd) (TL)-Nd2Fe2+Be2O2(SiO4)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnet Supergroup'-X3Z2(TO4)3
Gatedalite (TL)-ZrMn2+2Mn3+4SiO12
'Glaskopf'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'-
Hjalmarite (TL)-{Na}(NaMn}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
'Hjelmite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Humite series'-Mg2nSinO4n•Mg(OH,F)2
'Hydrohausmannite' (TL)-
Hydroxycalcioroméite-(Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxylhedyphane (TL)-Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'Jeffersonite'-Ca(Mn,Zn,Fe)Si2O6
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lamprophanite'-
'Lamprostibian'-
Langhofite (TL)-Pb2(OH)[WO4(OH)]
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Långbanshyttanite (TL)-Pb2Mn2Mg(AsO4)2(OH)4·6H2O
'Magnetostibian'-
Mangani-pargasite (TL)-NaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Manganogrunerite-☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Melanostibian'-(Mn,Fe)6(SbO3)2O3
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'-(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Munkrudite'-Al2SiO5 ?
'Native Amalgam'-(Ag,Hg)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxycalcioroméite-Ca2Sb2O6O
'Phillipsite'-
'Picrotephroite'-
Pilawite-(Y)-Ca2Y2Al4(SiO4)4O2(OH)2
'Pleurasite'-Mn, Fe, AsO4
'Powellite-Scheelite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Quintinite-2H'-
'Ransätite'-near (Mn,Ca,Mg)3(Fe3+,Al)4Si6O21
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Sjogruvite'-
'Spodiosite'-
'Stibiatil'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tavagnascoite-Bi4O4(SO4)(OH)2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1983-04-BO:FeMgMnSb'-(Mg,Mn)2(Mn3+,Sb3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
'UM1983-30-AsO:FeHMgMnZn (Also known as Mineral D)'-(Mn,Mg,Fe3+,Al)15(AsO3)(AsO4)2(OH)23
'UM1984-34-Sb:AsCoNi'-(Co,Ni)(Sb,As)2
'UM1985-25-SiO:AlCaMgPb'-Pb7(Ca,Mg)Al3Si5O22(OH) ?
'UM1986-05-AsO:HMn'-Mn3As2O4(OH)4
'UM1986-06-AsO:HMn'-Mn3As2O4(OH)4
'UM2007-35-SiO:AlCaFFeMgREE'-Ca(Ce,La)3Al2Fe2+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(OH)2F
'UM2007-36-SiO:AlCaFFeMgREE'-(Ce,La)3CaAl2(Fe3+,Al)(Mg,Fe2+)[Si2O7][SiO4]3O(OH)2
'UM2007-39-SiO:ClFHMgREE'-(Ce,La,Ca)9Mg(SiO4)3(SiO3OH)4(Cl,F,OH)3•nH2O(?)
'UM2007-40-SiO:FMgREE'-(Y,Ce,Nd)4MgSi4O14F2
'UM2007-41-SiO:FeMgREEW'-(Ce,La,Nd,Ca)5Mg(Fe3+,Al)3WSi5O26
Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce15Ca)Σ16Mg2(SiO4)10(SiO3OH)(OH,F)5Cl3
'Unnamed (Cu-Zn-In Sulphide)'-CuZn2InS4
'Unnamed (Mcgovernite-like mineral 2)'-
'Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Ferriallanite-(Ce))'-{CaCe}{(Fe3+,Al)Al(Mg,Fe2+)}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Wad'-
Wiklundite (TL)-Pb2[4](Mn2+,Zn)3(Fe3+,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)19(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]6(OH)18Cl6
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'-(Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
'α-Vredenburgite' (TL)-(Mn,Fe)3O4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Eugenite1.1.8.5Ag11Hg2
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Luanheite1.1.8.4Ag3Hg
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Moschellandsbergite1.1.8.1Ag2Hg3
Paraschachnerite1.1.8.3Ag3Hg2
Schachnerite1.1.8.2Ag1.1Hg0.9
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony (TL)1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stibarsen1.3.1.3AsSb
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Domeykite2.2.2.1Cu3As
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Koutekite2.3.1.1Cu5As2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Cuprostibite2.4.11.1Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
Weissite2.4.8.1Cu2-xTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
Rucklidgeite2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Herzenbergite2.8.24. SnS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nevskite2.8.20.3Bi(Se,S)
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
'Platynite'2.8.21.1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Roquesite2.9.1.4CuInS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Linnaeite (TL)2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Guanajuatite2.11.2.4Bi2Se3
Kawazulite2.11.7.5Bi2Te2Se
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Costibite2.12.7.1CoSbS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Gudmundite (TL)2.12.4.2FeSbS
Kostovite2.12.13.4CuAuTe4
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nisbite2.12.2.13NiSb2
Paracostibite2.12.7.2CoSbS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4CoSbS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite (TL)2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Ardaite2.15.1.1Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Miharaite3.1.5.1Cu4FePbBiS6
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Geocronite (TL)3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Friedrichite3.4.5.5Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pekoite3.4.5.6PbCuBi11S18
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Samsonite3.4.12.1Ag4MnSb2S6
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite (TL)3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Cannizzarite3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Weibullite (TL)3.6.18.1Pb5Bi8Se7S11
Wittite (TL)3.6.5.2Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite (TL)3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Junoite3.7.14.1Cu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Nordströmite (TL)3.7.13.1CuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
Twinnite3.7.8.3 Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
1 < ø < 2
Hodrušite3.8.4.1Cu8Bi12S22
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Bromellite (TL)4.2.2.2BeO
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Manganosite4.2.1.3MnO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Macedonite4.3.6.1PbTiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Melanostibite (TL)4.3.5.5Mn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3
Pyrophanite (TL)4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Pyrochroite (TL)6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Tetrawickmanite6.3.7.2Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Wickmanite (TL)6.3.6.1Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Miscellaneous
Quenselite (TL)6.4.1.2PbMnO2(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Filipstadite (TL)7.2.13.1(Fe3+0.5Sb5+0.5)Mn2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gahnite (TL)7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite (TL)7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
'Jacobsite-Q'7.2.6.2T(Mn2+)M(Fe3+2)O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Magnetoplumbite (TL)7.4.2.1(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Zenzénite (TL)7.5.4.1Pb3Fe4Mn3O15
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite ?7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollandite ?7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Miscellaneous
Ferronigerite-2N1S7.11.8.2(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Hematophanite (TL)7.11.4.1Pb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Lindqvistite (TL)7.11.15.1Pb2Mn2+Fe16O27
Plumboferrite (TL)7.11.5.1Pb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
'Yttrocrasite-(Y)'8.3.8.4(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6
AB21O38
Senaite8.5.1.4Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce) (TL)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Fluocerite-(La)9.3.4.2(La,Ce)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Blixite (TL)10.2.4.1Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Nadorite10.2.5.2PbSbClO2
Perite (TL)10.2.5.1PbBiClO2
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Mendipite10.3.1.1Pb3Cl2O2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Andersonite15.2.5.1Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Liebigite15.3.2.1Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Kimuraite-(Y)15.4.5.1Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
Lanthanite-(Ce)15.4.2.3(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lanthanite-(La) ? (TL)15.4.2.1(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.2.1Ce(CO3)(OH)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)16a.1.2.3Nd(CO3)(OH)
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite (TL)16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Plumbonacrite16a.5.1.1Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Hydrotalcite-2H'16b.6.1.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Pyroaurite (TL)16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyroaurite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Brugnatellite16b.7.5.1Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Harkerite17.1.9.1Ca12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2O
Schröckingerite17.1.5.1NaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Blatterite (TL)24.2.7.1Sb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Fredrikssonite (TL)24.2.1.6Mg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Orthopinakiolite (TL)24.2.5.1(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Pinakiolite (TL)24.2.4.1(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2
Takéuchiite (TL)24.2.6.1(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite (TL)25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Diborates
Szaibélyite25.2.1.2MgBO2(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Sundiusite (TL)30.1.1.1Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Wermlandite (TL)31.3.2.1Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen (TL)31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
(AB)m(XO4)pZq
Xocomecatlite33.1.2.1Cu3(TeO4)(OH)4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Arseniopleite (TL)38.2.2.2(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Berzeliite (TL)38.2.1.1(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Caryinite (TL)38.2.2.1(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Manganberzeliite (TL)38.2.1.2NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
AXO4
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite (TL)40.2.3.2Ca2Mn2+(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Manganohörnesite (TL)40.3.7.2(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Smolyaninovite40.5.8.1Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Sahlinite (TL)41.1.4.1Pb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4
(AB)7(XO4)2Zq
Allactite (TL)41.2.1.1Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Flinkite (TL)41.3.3.1Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Retzian-(Ce) (TL)41.3.4.1Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Arsenoclasite (TL)41.4.1.1Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Adelite (TL)41.5.1.1CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Bergslagite (TL)41.5.4.4CaBeAsO4(OH)
Gabrielsonite (TL)41.5.1.5PbFe3+(As3+O3)O
Pyrobelonite (TL)41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Tilasite (TL)41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Eveite (TL)41.6.6.4Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Sarkinite (TL)41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
'Spodiosite'41.6.11.1
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite (TL)41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane (TL)41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Johnbaumite41.8.3.3Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Morelandite (TL)41.8.5.1Ca2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Svabite (TL)41.8.3.1Ca5(AsO4)3F
Turneaureite (TL)41.8.3.2Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Akrochordite (TL)42.4.1.1(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hematolite (TL)43.4.6.1(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Synadelphite (TL)43.5.12.1Mn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Ingersonite (TL)44.1.2.1Ca3Mn2+Sb5+4O14
'Monimolite' (FRL)44.1.1.4Pb2Sb5+2O7
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Miscellaneous
Katoptrite (TL)44.3.5.1(Mn2+,Mg)13(Al,Fe3+)4Sb5+2(SiO4)2O20
Långbanite (TL)44.3.4.1Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Manganostibite (TL)44.3.2.1(Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12
Parwelite (TL)44.3.3.1Mn10Sb2As2Si2O24
Swedenborgite (TL)44.3.1.1NaBe4Sb5+O7
Yeatmanite44.3.6.1Zn6Mn2+9Sb5+2(SiO4)4O12
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Paulmooreite (TL)45.1.8.1Pb2[As2O5]
Rouseite (TL)45.1.2.2Pb2Mn2+[AsO3]2 · 2H2O
Trigonite (TL)45.1.2.1Pb3Mn2+(AsO3)2(HAsO3)
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Finnemanite (TL)46.1.1.1Pb5(AsO3)3Cl
Freedite (TL)46.1.5.1Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Magnussonite (TL)46.1.6.1Mn10As6O18(OH,Cl)2
Stenhuggarite (TL)46.1.4.1CaFeSb(AsO3)2O
'UM1984-09-AsO:ClHMn' (FRL)46.1.6.2Mn10As6O18(OH)Cl
Miscellaneous
Armangite (TL)46.2.7.1Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Dixenite (TL)46.2.8.1CuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
Ecdemite (TL)46.2.1.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Heliophyllite (TL)46.2.2.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Manganarsite (TL)46.2.6.1Mn3(As2O4)(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite (TL)48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] as well as >[4]
Sverigeite (TL)51.2.2.1NaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)
Trimerite (TL)51.2.1.1CaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.