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Grand-Praz Mine, Ayer, Anniviers Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland

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Name(s) in local language(s):Mine de Grand-Praz, Ayer, Val d'Anniviers, Valais (Wallis), Suisse (Schweiz; Svizzera)
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 9' 53'' North , 7° 37' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.16474,7.61815
GeoHash:G#: u0jqtk535
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Ancient Co-Ni-Bi-As mine.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,242 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


59 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 31; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 80; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 85; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 147.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 180.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: Aggregates of mica-like crystals
Colour: Light blue to almost white
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 133.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 276.
Eclarite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 147.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ferrarisite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 161.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 165.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 180.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 161+202.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 205.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Kolfanite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Krutovite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 257.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 276.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 296.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 205.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 304-305.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 306.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 276.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 345.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Habit: Microscopic inclusions in Co-Ni ores.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 359.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 359.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 296.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Erik Vercammen field observation and collection
Tučekite
Formula: Ni9Sb2S8
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
'Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)'
Formula: (Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: Cuchet, S. (1994): Bull. Soc. Vaud. Sc. Nat. 83(2), 147-152.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 427.
Wallkilldellite-(Fe)
Formula: (Ca,Cu)4Fe2+6(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Weilite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4)
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 378.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Willemseite
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Eclarite'2.HB.10c(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Kobellite'2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
'Krutovite'2.EB.25NiAs2
'Löllingite'2.EB.15aFeAs2
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Pararammelsbergite'2.EB.10eNiAs2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Rammelsbergite'2.EB.15aNiAs2
'Safflorite'2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
'Skutterudite'2.EC.05CoAs3
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tučekite'2.BB.10Ni9Sb2S8
'Violarite'2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Devilline'7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Hexahydrite'7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
'Magnesiocopiapite'7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Posnjakite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Annabergite'8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Erythrite'8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Ferrarisite'8.CJ.30Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
'Guérinite'8.CJ.75Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
'Haidingerite'8.CJ.20CaHAsO4 · H2O
'Hörnesite'8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Kolfanite'8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
'Pharmacolite'8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
'Picropharmacolite'8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
'Sainfeldite'8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
'Smolyaninovite'8.CH.55Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
'Wallkilldellite-(Fe)'8.DL.20(Ca,Cu)4Fe2+6(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
'Weilite'8.AD.10Ca(HAsO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Magnesio-hornblende'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Titanite'9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Willemseite'9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)'-(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Krutovite2.12.1.12NiAs2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pararammelsbergite2.12.5.1NiAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Tučekite3.2.5.5Ni9Sb2S8
2 < ø < 2.49
Eclarite3.6.10.1(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Weilite37.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Haidingerite39.1.5.1CaHAsO4 · H2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Ferrarisite39.2.3.1Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Guérinite39.2.2.2Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Sainfeldite39.2.1.2Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Smolyaninovite40.5.8.1Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kolfanite42.8.5.1Ca2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Willemseite71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)'-(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Wallkilldellite-(Fe)-(Ca,Cu)4Fe2+6(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
H HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
H Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
H Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
H WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
H WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
O HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O RutileTiO2
O SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
O Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
O WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
O WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
Si WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Ca GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Ca HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
Ca KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Ca Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
Ca WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Fe Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni KrutoviteNiAs2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
Ni Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
As HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
As KrutoviteNiAs2
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As NickelineNiAs
As PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As SmolyaninoviteCo3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
As Unnamed (Mg-analogue of Smolianinovite)(Mg,Ca,Mn,Ni)3Fe23+(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
As Wallkilldellite-(Fe)(Ca,Cu)4Fe62+(AsO4,SiO4)4(OH,O)8 · 18H2O
As WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
SbAntimony
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PbLead
Pb Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Unknown
Ma



ID: 2347080
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metasedimente

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Lithology: Gneiss and mica schist

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3184337
Mesozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Comments: Schistes Lustres; Alps

Lithology: Blueschist grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleozoic - Precambrian
251.902 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3149597
Penninic basement, Penninic nappes, Austroalpine nappes, Southern Alpes

Age: Eoarchean to Triassic (251.902 - 4000 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)


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