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Fossey Mine, Astenet, Lontzen, Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district, Verviers, Liège, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Fossey MineMine
Astenet- not defined -
Lontzen- not defined -
Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining districtMining District
Verviers- not defined -

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 41' 44'' North , 6° 2' 31'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
Lontzen4,862 (2011)3.0km
La Calamine10,232 (2011)3.3km
Raeren9,925 (2011)6.1km
Welkenraedt9,006 (2012)6.4km
Plombières9,596 (2011)7.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mine de Fossey (incl. Prester; Lindengraben), Astenet, Lontzen, District minier de Plombieres-Vieille Montagne, Verviers, Liège Province, Belgique

The mine is located north of Astenet and 2.6 km SE of Moresnet.

Ancient zinc and lead mine (started in 1878 and abandoned in 1923) exploiting 6 ore bodies (Prester was the 5th ore-body, discovered in 1883 and Lindengraben was the 6th ore-body, discovered in 1900).
This mine worked the same veins as Poppelsberg and Rabotrath.

Levels: -35m, -74m, -110m, -146m and -200m.
Two main shafts, one ventilation shaft and two adits (Luisenstollen and Villain IV adit).

Total production:
143.067 tons of calamine, 22.453 tons of schalenblende and 1.327 tons of galena.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Rhenish Massif, EuropeMassif
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: C.&H. Schäfer collection
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: C.&H. Schäfer collection
Formula: PbS
Reference: C.&H. Schäfer collection
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Schulz, W., (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi, Aachen
Formula: SiO2
Reference: C.&H. Schäfer collection
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Schulz, W., (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi, Aachen
Formula: ZnS
Reference: C.&H. Schäfer collection
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: P. Bluemner
Formula: PbS
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Schulz, W., (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi, Aachen

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Schalenblende

List of minerals for each chemical element

H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S StrickblendePbS
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb StrickblendePbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

358.9 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Devonian
358.9 - 382.7 Ma

ID: 2617895

Age: Late Devonian (358.9 - 382.7 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: vgl.671

Lithology: Argillaceous shale, slate, and/or schist, sandstone, graywacke, quartzite, limestone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Late Devonian - Middle Devonian
358.9 - 393.3 Ma

ID: 3151103
Middle Devonian claystone

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 393.3 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{claystone}, Minor{limestone,sandstone,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Schulz, W. (1886) Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen. Georgi Aachen
Herbst, F. (1910) Der technische Betrieb des Erzbergbaus – Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins II.
Holzapfel, E. (1910) Die Geologie des Nordabfalls der Eifel mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gegend von Aachen. Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins I.
Klockmann, F. (1910) Die Erzlagerstätten der Gegend von Aachen. Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins II.
Dewez, L. and Lespineux, G. (1949) Les Minerais Du Sol Belge. Centenaire de l'Association des Ingenieurs sortis de l'École de Liege, Section Geologie.
de Ruiter, Dr. G (1980) Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne. Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, 27, 1-15.

Localities in this Region
Show map

  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Verviers
        • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district

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