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Perseverance Ni Mine (Agnew; Leinster), Leinster, Leonora Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 48' 55'' South , 120° 42' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -27.81528,120.70417
GeoHash:G#: qejcf8qh6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Komatiite-related copper-nickel sulfide deposit. One of the largest nickel deposits in the world, with reserves of 45 million tons of ore grading at 2.05% nickel.

Located a few kilometres north of Leinster, the town established in 1976 by Agnew Gold Mining for its nickel operations. The mine was later taken over by Western Mining Company, then BHP Billiton which operates it under the name Nickelwest. The mine is named after a nearby well. It is also refered to as the Leinster or Agnew Mine. (However it is preferred that it isn't, due to confusion with the Agnew Goldfield to the west, or the Leinster town site).

It is an underground mine to 1400 metres below the surface and is one of the deepest in Australia. The mine has come under scrutiny in recent years for a poor safety record (by Australian standards).

The mine is situated in greenstone belt of felsic volcaniclastic sediments and lavas, with intermittant komatiite and black sulphidic graphitic shales. All the mineralisation is in the komatiite. This occupies an overturned eastern limb of a regional anticline. The Komatiite banding is thick layers of olivine ortho-mesa cumulate, capped by a succession of thin spinifex textured flows. The core of the komatiite is called the Perseverence ultramafic complex, which is a thick intact accumulation of olivine rich ultramafic rocks in which the primary igneous cumulate textures are preserved.

The ore-body is at the base of this complex, and is composed of high grade and heavily disseminated sulphides, with an extension sheet of weak sulphide mineralisation. The massive sulphide displays strong tectonite fabrics, and is located in a structurally complex position, within the weakly mineralised zone. It occurs as a series of steep dipping, north striking, individual, fault bounded sheets that are the result of physical remobilisation of the fault related lodes and fold hinges. The main mineralisation is a series of vertically stacked lenses. The surrounding weak sulphide envelope shows disseminated sulphide forming a distinct shoot, plunging 70 degrees south at more than 1100 metres below the surface, and striking north, dipping steeply to the west.

The heavy disseminated ores in the central zone contain Ni of over 1.5% and 20% of the volume of the ore with pyrrhotite and pentlandite dominant. The marginal zone flanking this also has these species as dominant. The weakly disseminated sulphide sheet has Ni at 0.5 to 0.7% and 5% of volume as lobate aggregates of pyrrhotite and pentlandite.

World class millerite specimens and takovite/eardleyite have come from the mine, and a few other species of average importance. Okenite has also been found which is rare in Australia. We should be thankful any specimens are seen considering the industrial scale of the mining operation.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
'Dunite'
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: E. H. Nickel, E.H. et al. (1977) Eardleyite as a product of the supergene alteration of nickel sulfides in Western Australia. American Mineralogist; June 1977; v. 62; no. 5-6; p. 449-457
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 62, pages 458-464, 1977
'Komatiite'
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984): Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia (1984)
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536; Zoja Vukmanovic (2013) Microstructural Characterization of Sulphide and Oxide Minerals in Magmatic Sulphide ores. PhD Thesis University of Western Australia.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: E. H. Nickel, E.H. et al. (1977) Eardleyite as a product of the supergene alteration of nickel sulfides in Western Australia. American Mineralogist; June 1977; v. 62; no. 5-6; p. 449-457; American Mineralogist, Volume 62, pages 458-464, 1977
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:524-536

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Heazlewoodite'2.BB.05Ni3S2
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Valleriite'2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
'Violarite'2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Gaspéite'5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
'Magnesite'5.AB.05MgCO3
'Takovite'5.DA.50Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Antigorite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Cummingtonite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)'9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Laumontite'9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lizardite'9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Okenite'9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
'Prehnite'9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Spodumene'9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
'Talc'9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tremolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dunite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Komatiite'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Takovite16b.6.3.2Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dunite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Komatiite'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
CCarbon
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
FFluorine
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S MilleriteNiS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
KPotassium
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
NiNickel
Ni GaspéiteNi(CO3)
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 836488
sedimentary rocks 74322

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Phyllitic schist, siltstone, sandstone, greywacke, pelite, conglomerate, quartzite, phyllite, shale, slate, claystone, chert, minor felsic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks; arkose, para- and orthoamphibolites; rare banded iron formation

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary siliciclastic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary siliciclastic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3188638
Archean volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Greenstone belt; mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nickel, E.H. et al. (1977): Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulfides in Western Australia. American Mineralogist (1977): 62(5-6): 449-457.
Marston, R.J. (1984): Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia (1984)
Economic Geology (1988) 83:524-536.
Economic Geology (1988) 83:537-550.
Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg (New York)(2004): 740.
Grguric, B.A., and Nickel, E.H. (2005): Okenite from the Perseverance Nickel Mine, Western Australia- a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2005):11: 25-26.
Mineralium Deposita 45 (2010): 281-311.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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