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Matilde Mine (Victoria Mine; "Velez-Malaga"), La Viñuela, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° North , 4° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~86km
Other regions containing this locality:Iberian Peninsula
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Matilde ("Velez-Malaga"), la Viñuela, Málaga, España

Antimony mineralization found during the work construction and earthworks of La Viñuela dam, upon existing ancient mining group. The deposit is located near to the west of La Viñuela village, about 17,5 km (road A-356) from the coastline (Torre del Mar). The mineralization can be considered over as it was buried by the earthworks dumping of the dam construction.

A previous claim (1887) with the name of Victoria mine, was mined by Scottish company and highlighted in the magazine Andalucia Cientifica (Fondos Sociedad Malagueña de Ciencias at Malaga University Library).
An erroneous name attributed to the same locality is 'Velez-Malaga'.

Antimony mineralization is related to shear zones and a large low-angle reverse fault between grey quartzites and grey-purple andalucite-cordierite-muscovite micaschist with minor brecciated zones. Migmatite sequences close to the site is related to anatexia. The main mineralization fill fractures in quartz veins or even nodules in schistosity of the bedrock, Alpujarride Complex (see below for literature references). During the construction of the dam and due to the heavy blasting of the existing old mines, large pure masses of antimony was found and collected on site. Once the cut slopes and temporary diversion of arroyo los Montes stream was carried out in 1989, significant veins of antimony were still cropping out on the ground (local workers confirmation).

Mineral List

13 valid minerals.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Laza Herrera, E. (1903). El Antimonio de la Viñuela. Revista Andalucia Cientifica pág.46. Fondos de la Sociedad Malagueña de Ciencias. Biblioteca Universidad de Málaga
Romero Silva JC (2001). Rasgos generales de los yacimientos metálicos de la provincia de Málaga. Comunicación del XXI Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogia (SEM). Edita Universidad de Málaga.
Romero Silva,J.C (2002) Gediegen antimon von der alten Grube Victoria, La Viñuela, Malaga-Spanien. Mineralien Welt nº13, Heft 5, Sept-Oktober
Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. 1 map
Yus Ramos,R; Romero Silva,JC; Clavero Toledo J.L (2014). Notas sobre el pasado minero de la Axarquía. La Minería de la Viñuela (Málaga-Spain). Published by Revista Almazara Issue Nª41, 1ªTrimestre 2014, pages 21-26. Periana (Málaga).
Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Calvo, M. (2003). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol I. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava. 217 pags.

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