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Matilde Mine, La Viñuela, Málaga, Andalusia, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Matilde MineMine
La ViñuelaMunicipality
MálagaProvince
AndalusiaAutonomous Community
SpainCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° North , 4° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~6km
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Victoria Mine; "Velez-Malaga"
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina Matilde ("Velez-Malaga"), la Viñuela, Málaga, España


Antimony mineralization found during the work construction and earthworks of La Viñuela dam, upon an existing ancient mining group. The deposit is located near to the west of La Viñuela village, about 17.5km (road A-356) from the coastline (Torre del Mar). The mineralization can be considered over as it was buried by the earthworks dumping from the dam construction.

A previous claim (1887) with the name of Victoria mine, was mined by a Scottish company and highlighted in the magazine Andalucia Cientifica (Fondos Sociedad Malagueña de Ciencias at Malaga University Library).

An erroneous name attributed to the same locality is 'Velez-Malaga'.

Antimony mineralization is related to shear zones and a large low-angle reverse fault between grey quartzites and grey-purple andalucite-cordierite-muscovite micaschist with minor brecciated zones. Migmatite sequences close to the site is related to anatexia. The main mineralization fill fractures in quartz veins or even nodules in schistosity of the bedrock, Alpujarride Complex (see below for literature references). During the construction of the dam and due to the heavy blasting of the existing old mines, large pure masses of antimony was found and collected on site. Once the cut slopes and temporary diversion of arroyo los Montes stream was carried out in 1989, significant veins of antimony were still cropping out on the ground (local workers confirmation).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003. Minerales y Minas de España. Vol I. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava. 217 pags.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Laza Herrera, E. (1903) El Antimonio de la Viñuela. Revista Andalucia Cientifica pág.46. Fondos de la Sociedad Malagueña de Ciencias. Biblioteca Universidad de Málaga.
Romero Silva, J.C. (2001) Rasgos generales de los yacimientos metálicos de la provincia de Málaga. Comunicación del XXI Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogia (SEM). Edita Universidad de Málaga.
Romero Silva, J.C. (2002) Gediegen antimon von der alten Grube Victoria, La Viñuela, Malaga-Spanien. Mineralien Welt nº13, Heft 5, Sept-Oktober.
Romero Silva, J.C. (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Published by CEDMA Málaga County council. 318 pages, 1 map (in Spanish).
Yus Ramos, R., Romero Silva, J.C. Clavero Toledo, J.L (2014) Notas sobre el pasado minero de la Axarquía. La Minería de la Viñuela (Málaga-Spain). Revista Almazara, 41:1, 21-26. Periana (Málaga).
Yus Ramos,R; Romero Silva JC (2020). "Historia de la Minería en la Axarquía (Málaga province), South Spain. Edited by the Gabinete de Estudios de la Naturaleza de la Axarquía Vélez-Málaga GENA. 527pp
Calvo Rebollar, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II, Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 705 pages (in Spanish).
Calvo Rebollar, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. I, Introducción y Elementos. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 217 pages (in Spanish).

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