Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Uzumine mine (Udumine mine; Uzumine pegmatite), Mt Uzumine (Utsumine), Fukushima, Japani
Regional Level Types
Uzumine mine (Udumine mine; Uzumine pegmatite)Mine
Mt Uzumine (Utsumine)Mountain
FukushimaPrefecture
JapanCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):雲水峰鉱山, 福島県 宇津峰山
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude: 37° North , 140° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~102km
Locality type:Mine


One of the largest dikes of granitic pegmatite in the Abukuma Mountains and is widely accepted as representative of the bodies exposed in the area. It is a rare-earth element pegmatite and is strongly zoned and consists of a wall zone with a well-developed graphic intergrowth of quartz and microcline perthite; an intermediate zone including large euhedral crystals of tourmaline; and, a quartz core. It is located on the western slope of Mt. Uzumine. It is 20 meters wide, with a strike of N60ºW and a dip of 80ºS, emplaced into biotite schist of the Gozaisyo Series of the Cretaceous Abukuma metamorphic rocks.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Prismatic, a few mm's in length.
Colour: Brown
Description: Rare in K feldspar of the intermediate zone.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 38.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 35.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
'Biotite'
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 40-41.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: In the intermediate zone.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Occurs in the wall zone.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 37.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Colour: Reddish brown
Description: Millimetric to centimetric irregular or platelet-shaped grains. Occurs with monazite in the intermediate zone near tourmaline and in an albite-quartz aggregate band.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33, 38; http://www.gsj.jp/Pub/News/pdf/1988/09/88_09_01.pdf
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: mm-sized.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 38.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Description: As lamellae and veinlets in a grid pattern in niobian rutile.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 40.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 40.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 40.
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: Dr Yohachiro Okamoto (1876-1960) collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Occurs in the intermediate zone.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 37.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 33.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: Forms tiny cores in Xenotime-(Y) crystals.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 38.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Habit: Short tetragonal prisms with bipyramidal terminations
Colour: Pale green
Description: Mm-sized grains. Parallel growth with zircon is commonly encountered.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 38.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Habit: Tetragonal prisms with bipyramidal terminations
Colour: Pale brown
Description: Parallel growth with xenotime-(Y) is commonly encountered.
Reference: Nakajima & Kurosawa (2006), Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 38.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Columbite-(Fe)'4.DB.35FeNb2O6
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Euxenite-(Y)'4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pseudobrookite'4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Autunite'8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
'Monazite-(Ce)'8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2FeNb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz
-SiO2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
ThThorium
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sanbonsugi, M. (1953) On the granite-pegmatite deposits, occurring in the western margin of the Abukuma Mountains, and its relation to the geological structure. Sci. Rep. Fukushima University: 2: 1-26 (in Japanese).
Ogura, Y. (1958) Utilization of pegmatites: on the granitic rocks and pegmatites in the Uzumine district, Fukushima prefecture. Rep. Resour. Res. Inst.: 43: 1-23 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Kawai, S. (1960) Ilmenorutile from the Uzumine pegmatite, Sukagawa, Fukushima prefecture. Journal of the Chem. Soc. Japan: 81: 63-69 (in Japanese).
Omori, K., Hasegawa, S., and Konno, H. (1960) Euxenite from the Uzumine pegmatite mine, Fukushima Prefecture. Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineral., Petrol., and Economic Geology: 42: 256-260 (in Japanese).
Sanbonsugi, M. (1964) Geology and pegmatitic ore deposits of the Uzumine mountain, Fukishima Pref., Japan. Sc. Rep. Fukushima University: 13: 12-34.
Tanaka, H. and Ochiai, K. (1989) Granitic rocks accompanied with pegmatites containing rare element minerals in the Uzumine area, central Abukuma Mountains. Journal Japan Association Mineral., Petrol., Economic Geology: 84: 460-470 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Nakajima, T. and Kurosawa, M. (2006) Rare-element mineralogy of the Uzumine granitic pegmatite, Abukuma Mountains, Northeastern Japan. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 31-44.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 19, 2019 10:32:01 Page generated: December 4, 2018 13:01:45
Go to top of page