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Verampio, Crodo, Antigorio Valley, Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Verampio- not defined -
Crodo- not defined -
Antigorio ValleyValley
Ossola ValleyValley
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola ProvinceProvince
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Verampio, Crodo, Valle Antigorio, Val d'Ossola, Provincia del Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 15' 15'' North , 8° 20' 1'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.25417,8.33361
GeoHash:G#: u0jzjsk65
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Baceno420 (2014)1.3km
Crino102 (2014)1.4km
Premia376 (2014)1.6km
Cravegna190 (2014)2.3km
Croveo231 (2014)2.8km


Minerals nearby Verampio and its famous hydroelectric power plant are known from different environments:

- Alpine fissures with large quartz crystals (right side of the Toce River) in schists;
- Verampio leucogranitic gneiss;
- molybdenite-bearing quartz vein (left side of the Toce River).




Alpine fissures in the Crodo-Baceno schists, evidenced in 1945 during the excavation of the penstock tunnel from Goglio (Baceno municipality) to Verampio (Crodo municipality), yielded large quartz crystals, usually hyaline and rarely sightly amethyst (Roggiani, 1975; Mattioli, 1979).


The molybdenite-bearing quartz vein, embedded in the Crodo-Baceno schists, crops out along the path from Verampio (Crodo municipality) to Crego (Premia municipality), on the left of the River Toce. In the mineralogical literature this occurrence (actually situated in the municipal territory of Premia) is commonly named Verampio, but in Omenetto & Brigo (1974) it is indicated as Crego.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
'Apatite'
Reference: Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
'Biotite'
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Angelo Brambilla Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
OOxygen
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O RutileTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnataseTiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O BrookiteTiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
FFluorine
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
MgMagnesium
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
CeCerium
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192871
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3151199
basement

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 2349878
Magmatische Gesteine, Plutonite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Granite in tonalite and Quartz syenite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Boscardin M., Marchetti G.F., Mattioli V. (1972): Primo ritrovamento di powellite nell'Ossola. Natura, 63, (4), 438-441.
- De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
- Omenetto P., Brigo L., (1974): Metallogenesi nel quadro dell'orogenesi ercinica delle Alpi (con particolare riguardo al versante italiano). Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., 13, (1), 339-362.
- Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.
- Roggiani A.G. (1975): Ossola minerale. Estratto da “Novara” n°3, Bimestrale edito dalla Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato e Agricoltura di Novara, Tipogr. S. Gaudenzio, Novara, 112 pp.
- Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.
- Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
- Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.


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