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Hook Ridge, Bransfield Strait, Antarctic Peninsula, Western Antarctica, Antarctica

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 62° 11' 38'' South , 57° 16' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -62.19400,-57.27450
GeoHash:G#: 4szq0tvvx
Locality type:Ridge


A submarine volcanic edifice in the Bransfield strait separating The South Shetland Islands from the Antarctic Peninsula with hydrothermal vents.

Regions containing this locality

Antarctic Meteorites

Group of Meteorite Fall Locations - 477 mineral species & varietal names listed

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Klinkhammer et al (2001), Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 193: 395-407; Somoza et al (2004), Marine Geology: 203: 119-140.; Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
'Rhyodacite'
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Klinkhammer et al (2001), Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 193: 395-407; Somoza et al (2004), Marine Geology: 203: 119-140.; Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
'Wad'
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Orpiment'2.FA.30As2S3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Nontronite'9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Rhyodacite'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Rhyodacite'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Klinkhammer, GP., Chin, C.S., Keller, R.A., Daehlmann, A., Sahling, H., Sarthou Petersen, S., Smith, F., and Wilson, C. (2001) Discovery of new hydrothermal vent sites in Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 193: 395-407.
Somoza, L., Martinez-Frias, J., Smellie, J.L., Rey, J., Maestro, A. (2004) Evidence for hydrothermal venting and sediment volcanism discharged after recent short-lived volcanic eruptions at Deception Island, Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Marine Geology: 203: 119-140.
Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3

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