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Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Azad Jammu and KashmirTerritory
PakistanCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Muzaffarābād725,000 (2014)
Kotli640,000 (2015)
Bhimbar342,900 (2016)
Rawala Kot50,000 (2018)
Other Languages:
French:
Azad Cachemire, Pakistan
German:
Asad Jammu und Kaschmir, Pakistan
Italian:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Russian:
Азад Кашмир, Пакистан
Simplified Chinese:
自由克什米爾, 巴基斯坦
Spanish:
Azad Cachemira, Pakistán
Urdu:
آزاد کشمیر, پاکستان
Arabic:
آزاد كشمير, باكستان
Armenian:
Ազադ Քաշմիր, Պակիստան
Azeri:
Azad Kəşmir, Pakistan
Bashkir:
Азат Кашмир, Пакистан
Basque:
Azad Kaxmir, Pakistan
Belarusian:
Азад Кашмір, Пакістан
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Азад Кашмір, Пакістан
Bengali:
আজাদ কাশ্মীর, পাকিস্তান
Bulgarian:
Азад Кашмир, Пакистан
Catalan:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Cebuano:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Chechen:
Азад Кашмир, Пакистан
Czech:
Ázád Kašmír, Pákistán
Dutch:
Azad Kasjmir, Pakistan
Esperanto:
Azad Kaŝmiro, Pakistano
Farsi/Persian:
کشمیر آزاد, پاکستان
Fiji Hindi:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Finnish:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Georgian:
აზად-ქაშმირი, პაკისტანი
Greek:
Αζάντ Κασμίρ, Πακιστάν
Hebrew:
אזאד קשמיר, פקיסטן
Hindi:
आज़ाद कश्मीर, पाकिस्तान
Indonesian:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Japanese:
アザド・カシミール, パキスタン
Kashmiri:
آزاد کٔشِیر, پاکِستان
Korean:
아자드 카슈미르, 파키스탄
Kyrgyz:
Азад Кашмир, Пакистан
Latin:
Caspira Libera, Pakistania
Latvian:
Azadkašmīra, Pakistāna
Lithuanian:
Laisvasis Kašmyras, Pakistanas
Maithili:
आजाद कश्मीर, पाकिस्तान
Malayalam:
ആസാദ് കശ്മീർ, പാകിസ്താൻ
Marathi:
पाकव्याप्त काश्मीर, पाकिस्तान
Mingrelian:
აზად ქაშმირი, პაკისტანი
Nepali:
आजाद कश्मीर, पाकिस्तान
Norwegian:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Asad Jammu og Kashmir, Pakistan
Pashto:
آزاد کشمير, پاکستان
Polish:
Azad Dżammu i Kaszmir, Pakistan
Portuguese:
Caxemira Livre, Paquistão
Punjabi:
ਅਜ਼ਾਦ ਕਸ਼ਮੀਰ, ਪਾਕਿਸਤਾਨ
Scots:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Serbian:
Азад Кашмир, Пакистан
Sindhi:
آزاد ڪشمير, پاڪستان
South Azerbaijani:
آزاد کشمیر, پاکیستان
Swedish:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Tamil:
ஆசாத் காஷ்மீர், பாக்கித்தான்
Tatar:
Азат Кашмир, Пакистан Ислам Җөмһүрияте
Turkish:
Azad Keşmir, Pakistan
Ukrainian:
Азад Кашмір, Пакистан
Vietnamese:
Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Western Punjabi:
ازاد کشمیر, پاکستان
Zazaki:
Keşmiro Azad, Pakıstan


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Dudley Blawet, personal communication, July 2005.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: In Coll. M. Slama
Munirite (TL)
Formula: NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: K.A. Butt, K. Mahmood: Mineralogical Magazine 47:391-392 (1983)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dudley Blawet, personal communication, July 2005.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Munirite (TL)4.HD.15NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Aspidolite9.EC.20NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Normal Anhydrous Vanadium Oxysalts
Munirite (TL)47.1.3.1NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aspidolite-NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
H AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
O AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O RutileTiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Na AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
SiSilicon
Si AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Asia
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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