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Springbok, Okiep Copper District, Namakwa District (Namaqualand), Northern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Springbok- not defined -
Okiep Copper DistrictDistrict
Namakwa District (Namaqualand)District
Northern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
30° South , 19° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~236km


Springbok is situated close to the intersection of the N7 and N14, 550km north of Cape Town. It is set in a narrow valley bisecting the granite domes of the Klein Koperberge - small copper mountains. The colorful history of Springbok is closely linked to the copper industry and is also the site of the first commercial mining operations in the country.
In 1852 the first copper mine was brought into operation by the mining concern of Philips and King [see entry "Blue Mine"]. It was bought from the Cloete family; and in 1862 the town of Springbokfontein was laid out. Rich copper deposits were discovered in the 1870's to the north of Springbok. Potential miners flocked to Okiep, where the deposits were found. The steady supply of drinkable water from the spring of Springbok made the town the centre for the mining prospectors.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Cassiterite ?
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Ronaldson, J. H. (1905) Notes on the Copper Deposits of Little Namaqualand. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 8:158-166.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.; Thomas Kleser collection.; Leon Hupperichs collection.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579; Mason, B. (1961): The identity of namaqualite with cyanotrichite. Mineralogical Magazine 32, 737-738.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: biterminated (doubly terminated)
Colour: water-clear
Description: Small crystals that occasionally have small fluid hydrocarbon inclusions which fluoresce bright yellow are found in the Springbok area.
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
Reichenbachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Zinc rich
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Raith, J.G., and Stein, H.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 741-753.; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:1934-1954

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite ?4.DB.05SnO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reichenbachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite ?4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Reichenbachite41.4.3.2Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Quartz
var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz
-SiO2
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
OOxygen
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Quartz (var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz)SiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Proterozoic : 1010 Ma to 996 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Tonian
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)996 MaTweedam Mine, Springbok, Okiep Copper District, Namakwa District (Namaqualand), Northern Cape, South Africa
  Mesoproterozoic
   Stenian
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)1010 MaTweedam Mine, Springbok, Okiep Copper District, Namakwa District (Namaqualand), Northern Cape, South Africa

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lombaard, A. F. and the Exploration Staff Of The Ookiep Copper Company Limited (1986): The copper deposits of the Okiep district, Namaqualand. In: Anhaeusser, C. R. and Maske, S. (Editors). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Volume II, 1421-1445.
Cairncross, B. (2004): History of the Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35, 289-317.

Localities in this Region


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