Cap de Creus (Cabo de Creus), Cadaqués, Alt Empordà, Girona (Gerona), Catalonia, Spain
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||42° 19' 10'' North , 3° 19' 2'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||42.31940,3.31718|
|Other regions containing this locality:||Iberian Peninsula|
|Köppen climate type:||Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate|
The Cap de Creus peninsule is the eastern end of the Pyrenees and is composed of a variety of rocks with a wide range of metamorphic degree increasing from low grade until anatexia with related granodiorite and pegmatite intrusions. These materials belong to the deepest zone of the Variscan orogeny structural level.
In the metasedimentary sequence can distinguish four main areas whose degree of metamorphism increases towards NE:
1 - Epimetamorphic zone (greenschist facies)
2 - Mesometamorphic zone (biotite facies)
3 - Perianatectic zone (cordierite - andalusite to sillimanite facies)
4 - Migmatite complex
In the last two areas there are many pegmatite intrusions, and is where are found most of the mineral species listed in this location, many of them observed under petrographic microscope and hardly recognizable at naked eye.
Cap de Creus rocky landscapes and outcrops are famous for being a sample book of complex but clear and well exposed tectonic structures, specially ductile shear zones, but is not necessary to be a geologist to fall in love with his wild landscapes.
Can see an extensive photo report in Spanish FMF: Rocks & Minerals of the Cap de Creus
NOTE: As is a Natural Park, collecting is prohibited and the area is controlled.
52 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.
Rock Types Recorded
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
- Igneous rock
- Sedimentary rock and sediment
- Metamorphic rock
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|submarine continental crust|
Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)
Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. 
100.5 - 145 Ma
|Mesozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. 
443.8 - 541 Ma
|Metamorphic rocks associated with Hercinian orogeny|
Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)
Description: Esquists i alternança de pissarres i fil·lites. Roques de la unitat ÇOrp2 afectades pel metamorfisme regional hercinià. Edat del metamorfisme: Carbonífer-Permià. English: Alternating shale, slate, and phyllite. Rocks of the unit affected by the Hercinian regional metamorphism.
Reference: Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya. Mapa geològic comarcal de Catalunya 1:50.000. Generalitat de Catalunya. 
443.8 - 541 Ma