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Cap de Creus (Cabo de Creus), Cadaqués, Alt Empordà, Girona (Gerona), Catalonia, Spain

This page kindly sponsored by José Zendrera
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 19' 10'' North , 3° 19' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.31940,3.31718
Other regions containing this locality:Iberian Peninsula
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

The Cap de Creus peninsule is the eastern end of the Pyrenees and is composed of a variety of rocks with a wide range of metamorphic degree increasing from low grade until anatexia with related granodiorite and pegmatite intrusions. These materials belong to the deepest zone of the Variscan orogeny structural level.
In the metasedimentary sequence can distinguish four main areas whose degree of metamorphism increases towards NE:
1 - Epimetamorphic zone (greenschist facies)
2 - Mesometamorphic zone (biotite facies)
3 - Perianatectic zone (cordierite - andalusite to sillimanite facies)
4 - Migmatite complex
In the last two areas there are many pegmatite intrusions, and is where are found most of the mineral species listed in this location, many of them observed under petrographic microscope and hardly recognizable at naked eye.
Cap de Creus rocky landscapes and outcrops are famous for being a sample book of complex but clear and well exposed tectonic structures, specially ductile shear zones, but is not necessary to be a geologist to fall in love with his wild landscapes.

Can see an extensive photo report in Spanish FMF: Rocks & Minerals of the Cap de Creus

NOTE: As is a Natural Park, collecting is prohibited and the area is controlled.

Mineral List

52 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on


ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma

ID: 3191198
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

443.8 - 541 Ma

ID: 3065603
Metamorphic rocks associated with Hercinian orogeny

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Description: Esquists i alternança de pissarres i fil·lites. Roques de la unitat ÇOrp2 afectades pel metamorfisme regional hercinià. Edat del metamorfisme: Carbonífer-Permià. English: Alternating shale, slate, and phyllite. Rocks of the unit affected by the Hercinian regional metamorphism.

Reference: Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya. Mapa geològic comarcal de Catalunya 1:50.000. Generalitat de Catalunya. [140]

443.8 - 541 Ma

ID: 2502698

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Description: Schist and paragneiss

Lithology: Quartzite, slate, sandstone and limestone

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Carreras, J.; Orta, J.M. and San Miguel, A. (1975) El área pegmatítica del litoral N de la península del Cap de Creus y su contexto metamórfico y estructural. Instituto de Investigaciones Geológicas, Univ. Barcelona, Vol. XXX: 11-34.
- Melgarejo, J.C.; Pontacq, J. and Targarona, J. (1990) Primeros datos sobre mineralización Sb-Nb-Ta-Be en el área pegmatítica del Cap de Creus (Catalunya). Boletín Geológico y Minero 101(5): 761-765.
- Corbella, M. and Melgarejo, J.-C. (1993) Rare-element pegmatites of Cap de Creus Peninsula, northeast Spain: a new field of the beryl-phosphate subtype. Proceedings Eighth Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium: 295-302.
- Alfonso, P. and Melgarejo, J.C. (2000) Boron vs. phosphorus in granitic pegmatites: the Cap de Creus case (Catalonia, Spain). Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 45(1-2): 131-141.
- García, Aida. et al (2003) El Patrimoni geologicominer del Cap de Creus: itineraris a peu. La mineria a Catalunya: jaciments i patrimoni miner. Ed. Direcció General d'Energia i Mines. 95 p. Barcelona.
- Bareche, Eugeni (2005) Els minerals de Catalunya segle XX. Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català. 269 p. Barcelona
- Alfonso, P., & Melgarejo, J. C. (2008). Fluid evolution in the zoned rare-element pegmatite field at Cap de Creus, Catalonia, Spain. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(3), 597-617.
- Carreras, Jordi / Druguet, Elena (2013) Illustrated Field Guide to the Geology of Cap de Creus. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, servei de publicacions.
- Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.

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