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Montefondoli (Pfunderer Berg), Chiusa (Klausen), Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley), Bolzano-Alto Adige Autonomous Province, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Montefondoli (Pfunderer Berg)- not defined -
Chiusa (Klausen)- not defined -
Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)Valley
Bolzano-Alto Adige Autonomous ProvinceAutonomous Province
Trentino-Alto AdigeAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Montefondoli (Pfunderer Berg; Silberbergwerk Villanders), Chiusa (Klausen), Valle d'Isarco (Eisacktal), Bolzano (Sud Tirolo; Südtirol), Trentino-Alto Adige, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 39' 14'' North , 11° 32' 34'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.65392,11.54289
GeoHash:G#: u221qtj6b
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lazfons694 (2014)1.9km
Verdignes363 (2014)2.3km
Chiusa2,497 (2014)2.3km
Villandro773 (2014)2.6km
Villandro - Villanders1,830 (2012)2.6km


Old copper-silver-lead-zinc mine/deposit with various adits and workings.
Located on Pfunderer Berg (a mountain) and on the nearby Villanderer Berg and Villanderer Alp.

First mentioned in 1140. Around 1300 it was called Garnstein (or Gerstein) mine. Last mining activities were from 1918-1921 and during WWII. The oldest workings are, interestingly, at the highest altitudes.
The ore assemblage consists mainly of sphalerite, chalcopyrite, galena and fahlore (tetrahedrite).

The Elisabeth adit is now a tourist mine. Presently, the Lorenz adit (connected to the Elisabeth adit) is reactivated.

Note on the mineral list: http://www.bergwerk.it/mineralogie.html mentions 95 species, among them many secondary ones, but without references.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


59 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Florian Tauber
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Florian Tauber
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Florian Tauber
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Florian Tauber
'Chabazite'
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Florian Tauber
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
'Freibergite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Glaucocerinite
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Florian Tauber
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Krismer, M., Vavtar, F., Tropper, P., Sartory, B. & Kaindl, R. (2011): Mineralogy, mineral chemistry and petrology of the Ag-bearing Cu-Fe-Pb-Zn sulfide mineralizations of the Pfunderer Berg (South Tyrol, Italy). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences 104/1, 36-48.; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp; Krismer, M. et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 92. (Abs.)
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Glaucocerinite7.DD.35(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Freibergite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gustavite3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Glaucocerinite31.4.8.1(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Freibergite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S PyriteFeS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag SilverAg
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
BiBismuth
Bi GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3141344
Palaeozoic phyllite

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{gneiss,marble,greenschist}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pošepný, F. (1880): Die Erzlagerstätten am Pfundererberg bei Klausen in Tirol. Archiv für practische Geologie, 1, 441-487.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
Krismer, M. et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 92. (Abs.)

External Links



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