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Picher Field, Tri-State District, Ottawa Co., Oklahoma, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Michael Shaw
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 58' 59'' North , 94° 49' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.98333,-94.83333
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

Lead-zinc district about 350 square kilometers (72 square miles) in areal extent, located in Cherokee County, Kansas, and Ottawa County, Oklahoma, a few miles west of the Missouri line. Mined from the 1870s to the 1970s.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

298.9 - 323.2 Ma

ID: 2919734
McAlester and Hartshorne Formations

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: McAlester Formation; Hartshorne Formation

Description: TULSA- "McAlester and Hartshorne Formations", shale and some sandstone and coal. FORT SMITH- IPmh "McAlester" and "Hartshorne Formations" (undifferentiated), shale, sandstone, and coal.

Lithology: Major:{shale,sandstone}, Incidental:{coal}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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McKnight, Edwin T. and Fischer, Richard P. (1970) Geology and Ore Deposits of the Picher Field, Oklahoma and Kansas, USGS Professional Paper 588.
Hagni, R. D. (1982), The Influence of Original Host Rock Character Upon Alteration and Mineralization in the Tri-State District of Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, USA: Ore Genesis, in Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits, Special Publication, vol. 2, pp. 97-107.
Rocks and Minerals (1989): 64: 11-34.

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