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Picher Field, Tri-State District, Ottawa Co., Oklahoma, USAi
Regional Level Types
Picher Field- not defined -
Tri-State DistrictMining District
Ottawa Co.County
OklahomaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 58' 59'' North , 94° 49' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.98333,-94.83333
GeoHash:G#: 9ysd6h87x
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Treece (historical)138 (2018)2.1km
Quapaw906 (2011)5.1km
Commerce2,483 (2017)6.6km
North Miami382 (2017)8.4km
Baxter Springs4,028 (2017)9.8km


Lead-zinc district about 350 square kilometers (72 square miles) in areal extent, located in Cherokee County, Kansas, and Ottawa County, Oklahoma, a few miles west of the Missouri line. Mined from the 1870s to the 1970s.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

37 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
'Calamine'
Reference: Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: AmMin 20:799
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 588
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Diadochite8.DB.05Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamine'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Diadochite43.5.2.1Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Calamine'-
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe DiadochiteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Pennsylvanian
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2919734
McAlester and Hartshorne Formations

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: McAlester Formation; Hartshorne Formation

Description: TULSA- "McAlester and Hartshorne Formations", shale and some sandstone and coal. FORT SMITH- IPmh "McAlester" and "Hartshorne Formations" (undifferentiated), shale, sandstone, and coal.

Comments: Original map source: Heran, W.D., Green, G. and Stoeser, D.B., 2003, A Digital Geologic Map Database of Oklahoma: USGS Open File Report 03-247, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{shale,sandstone}, Incidental:{coal}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
McKnight, Edwin T. and Fischer, Richard P. (1970) Geology and Ore Deposits of the Picher Field, Oklahoma and Kansas, USGS Professional Paper 588.
Hagni, R. D. (1982), The Influence of Original Host Rock Character Upon Alteration and Mineralization in the Tri-State District of Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, USA: Ore Genesis, in Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits, Special Publication, vol. 2, pp. 97-107.
Rocks and Minerals (1989): 64: 11-34.

Localities in this Region
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