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Surprise mine, Northampton, Northampton Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Surprise mineMine
Northampton- not defined -
Northampton ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 49' 58'' South , 114° 41' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ogilvie112 (2018)35.6km


Locality: 56 km north of Northampton.

The mine is located on the southern bank of the Murchison River, west and near Galena Bridge, which carries the North West Coastal Highway across the river. The mullock hill has been encased in earth making specimen collecting difficult. What remains is gradually degenerating on exposure to oxygen. Galena, South Surprise and Two Boys mines are all in the same vicinity.

The mine was operated by R.M. Halgood from 1867-1872, and in its early years ore was transported by tramway to the Warribanno smelter. The mine closed in 1878 when Halgood died.

It re-opened in the 1920's by the Fremantle Trading company. This was a fairly large operation employing 160 men, and a small town sprung up to service the mine. They mined a lode from an open cut 60 metres in length and 30 metres wide by 18 metres deep, producing 90 000 tonnes of galena. There was also a shaft to 91 metres below the surface. The mine closed in 1927.

The deposit is on a sinistral west dipping fault in granulite, with much alteration and brecciation in the lodes, and wall rocks. The ore shoot is traversed by branching and looping shears, and tension gashes, with mineralisation following a shear in the granulite and dolerite. Abeysinghe states white to pale honey yellow barite crystals to 1 cm long were found in a vug in the mine.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 111.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p111.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 39, June 2017
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 111.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.S., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 44, June 2017
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 572.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 572.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 572.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 34.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 43, June 2017
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 111.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 111.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 8.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.S., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 44, June 2017
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 8.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
'Sagenite'
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 572.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1952) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 3 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p497.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 111.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Simpson, Edward S. (1948) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 1 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, p 8.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Sagenite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Sagenite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Heritage Council of Western Australia (1997) Galena Mine, Surprise and South Surprise, Two Boys, Shire of Northampton (11 Jul 1997).
Blockley, J.G. (1971) The lead, zinc and silver deposits of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 9, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 234 p.
Abeysinghe, P.B., Fetherston, J.M. (1997) Barite and Fluorite in Western Australia: Western Australia Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Bulletin 17, 97p.

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