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Murchison meteorite, Murchison, City of Greater Shepparton, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Murchison meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Murchison- not defined -
City of Greater Shepparton- not defined -
VictoriaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 37' South , 145° 12' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Shepparton38,773 (2017)31.7km
Kyabram6,396 (2012)36.3km


Famous site where an important carbonaceous chondrite fell.

Class: CM2 Carbonaceous Chondrite.

Before noon on September 28, 1969 a fireball was seen which split into three pieces. In its wake a cloud of smoke was seen, tremors were heard, and — in time — over a 100 kg of scattered stones were recovered. Murchison has been classified as a CM2 (Mighei-like) Carbonaceous Chondrite. The CM2 Carbonaceous Chondrites are characterized by small chondrules, abundant matrix, hydrated minerals, and refractory inclusions. All recovered CM falls are of petrologic Type 2 which are further characterized by their Ni-bearing sulfides. Murchison is the largest of the 15 recovered CM falls — and its availability has led to a spate of discoveries.

Among the more prominent discoveries have been the first identification of naturally produced amino acids in meteorites and a number of small inclusions with presolar gases [Gases, identified by their wildly exotic isotopic compositions, formed in ancient stars which were later incorporated into the solar nebula].

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


38 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Glenn J. MacPherson, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Edward Olsen & Lawrence Grossman (1983). Refractory inclusions in the Murchison meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 47, #4, 823-839.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peter R. Buseck & Xin Hua (1993). Matrices of carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences 21, 255-305.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lee, M. R., Lingren, P. & Sofe, M. R. (2014) Aragonite, breunnerite, calcite and dolomite in the CM carbonaceous chondrites: High fidelity recorders of progressive parent body aqueous alteration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 144:126-156. ( Nov 2014)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Glenn J. MacPherson, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Edward Olsen & Lawrence Grossman (1983). Refractory inclusions in the Murchison meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 47, #4, 823-839.
Augite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Glenn J. MacPherson, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Edward Olsen & Lawrence Grossman (1983). Refractory inclusions in the Murchison meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 47, #4, 823-839.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).; Lee, M. R., Lingren, P. & Sofe, M. R. (2014) Aragonite, breunnerite, calcite and dolomite in the CM carbonaceous chondrites: High fidelity recorders of progressive parent body aqueous alteration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 144:126-156. ( Nov 2014)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010; Inoue, M. Itoh, S.,Yurimoto, H., Kimura, M. & Nakamura, N. (2012) A granular-olivine Clast with fractionated REE from the Murchison CM Chondrite: Evidence for alteration/metamorphism and melting on the CM parent asteroid. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. pdf#5099.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: lenn J. MacPherson, Lawrence Grossman, A. Hashimoto, Miryam Bar-Matthews, Tsuyoshi Tanaka (1984) Petrographic studies of refractory inclusions from the Murchison meteorite. Journal of Geophysical Research, Supplement, vol. 89, pp. C299-C312.
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Michael Zolensky & James L. Gooding (1987). Mineralogical variations within the matrices of CM carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics 22, #4, 544-545. (Dec 1987). ; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Stadermann, F. J.; Croat, T. K.; Bernatowicz, T. : "NanoSIMS Determination of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Presolar Graphites from the Murchison Meteorite", 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1758
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Gretchen K. Benedix, Laurie A. Leshin, James G. Farquhar, T. Jackson, and Mark H. Thiemens (2003). Carbonates in CM2 chondrites: Constraints on alteration conditions from oxygen isotopic compositions and petrographic observations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67, #8, 1577–1588. (Feb 2003).
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Stadermann, F. J.; Croat, T. K.; Bernatowicz, T. : "NanoSIMS Determination of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Presolar Graphites from the Murchison Meteorite", 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1758 ; Inoue, M. Itoh, S.,Yurimoto, H., Kimura, M. & Nakamura, N. (2012) A granular-olivine Clast with fractionated REE from the Murchison CM Chondrite: Evidence for alteration/metamorphism and melting on the CM parent asteroid. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. pdf#5099.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Stadermann, F. J.; Croat, T. K.; Bernatowicz, T. : "NanoSIMS Determination of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Presolar Graphites from the Murchison Meteorite", 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1758
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Zolensky, Michael and Gooding, James L. (1987) Mineralogical variations within the matrices of CM carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics: 22(4): 544-545.
Grossite
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Dietmar Weber & Adolf Bischoff (1994). The occurrence of grossite (CaAl4O7) in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, #18, 3855–3877. (September 1994).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Hexamolybdenum
Formula: (Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J. R., & Rossman, G. R. (2014). Allendeite (Sc4Zr3O12) and hexamolybdenum (Mo, Ru, Fe), two new minerals from an ultrarefractory inclusion from the Allende meteorite. American Mineralogist, 99(4), 654-666.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Stadermann, F. J.; Croat, T. K.; Bernatowicz, T. : "NanoSIMS Determination of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Presolar Graphites from the Murchison Meteorite", 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1758
Iron var:
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Machiite (TL)
Formula: Al2Ti3O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Knot, A.N. (2016) Machiite, IMA 2016-067. CNMNC Newsletter No. 34, December 2016, page 1317. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1315–1321. Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K., Rossman, G.R. (2020) Machiite, Al2Ti3O9, a new oxide mineral from the Murchison carbonaceous chondrite: A new ultra-refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist, 105(2), 239-243.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Matzel, J. E. P.; Simon, J. I.; Hutcheon, I. D.; Jacobsen, B.; Simon, S. B.; Grossman, L. (2013). Oxygen Isotope Measurements of a Rare Murchison Type A CAI and its Rim. 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 18-22, 2013 in The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.2632.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Inoue, M. Itoh, S.,Yurimoto, H., Kimura, M. & Nakamura, N. (2012) A granular-olivine Clast with fractionated REE from the Murchison CM Chondrite: Evidence for alteration/metamorphism and melting on the CM parent asteroid. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. pdf#5099.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Philipp R. Heck, Jennika Greer, Levke Kööp, Reto Trappitsch, Frank Gyngard, Henner Busemann, Colin Maden, Janaína N. Ávila, Andrew M. Davis, and Rainer Wieler (2020) Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide. PNAS
Murchisite (TL)
Formula: Cr5S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R. & Rossman, G.R. (2011): Murchisite, Cr5S6, a new mineral from the Murchison meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 1905-1908.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Inoue, M. Itoh, S.,Yurimoto, H., Kimura, M. & Nakamura, N. (2012) A granular-olivine Clast with fractionated REE from the Murchison CM Chondrite: Evidence for alteration/metamorphism and melting on the CM parent asteroid. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. pdf#5099.
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: Stroud, R. M., Nittler, L. R. & Alexander, C. M. O'd. (2006) Supernova Nierite (α-Si3N4) from Murchison (pdf.#5360): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): page A168. (Aug 2006)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Matzel, J. E. P.; Simon, J. I.; Hutcheon, I. D.; Jacobsen, B.; Simon, S. B.; Grossman, L. (2013). Oxygen Isotope Measurements of a Rare Murchison Type A CAI and its Rim. 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 18-22, 2013 in The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.2632.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R. & Rossman, G.R. (2011): Murchisite, Cr5S6, a new mineral from the Murchison meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 1905-1908.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Reference: Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Warkite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Sc6Al6O20
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. and Tschauner, O. (2014) Warkite, IMA 2013- 129. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 552; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Louis H. Fuchs, Kenneth J. Jensen & Edward Olsen (1970). Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics 5, #4, p. 198. (Dec 1970).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Grossite4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Machiite (TL)-Al2Ti3O9
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Murchisite (TL)-Cr5S6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Warkite (TL)-Ca2Sc6Al6O20

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Iron-Fe
Machiite (TL)-Al2Ti3O9
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Murchisite (TL)-Cr5S6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Warkite (TL)-Ca2Sc6Al6O20

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C DiamondC
C CalciteCaCO3
C WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C MoissaniteSiC
NNitrogen
N NieriteSi3N4
OOxygen
O WarkiteCa2Sc6Al6O20
O MachiiteAl2Ti3O9
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CorundumAl2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
NaSodium
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al WarkiteCa2Sc6Al6O20
Al MachiiteAl2Ti3O9
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al GrossiteCaAl4O7
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
SiSilicon
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si NieriteSi3N4
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si MoissaniteSiC
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
SSulfur
S MurchisiteCr5S6
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca WarkiteCa2Sc6Al6O20
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GrossiteCaAl4O7
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
ScScandium
Sc WarkiteCa2Sc6Al6O20
TiTitanium
Ti MachiiteAl2Ti3O9
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
CrChromium
Cr MurchisiteCr5S6
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe IronFe
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
MoMolybdenum
Mo Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
RuRuthenium
Ru Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
OsOsmium
Os Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
IrIridium
Ir Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Pre-Solar : 7000 Ma to Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fuchs, L. H., Jensen, K.J., and Olsen, E. (1970) Mineralogy and Composition of the Murchison Meteorite. Meteoritics: 5(4): 198. (December 1970).
Kvenvolden, K., Lawless, J., Pering, K., Peterson, E., Flores, J., Ponnamperuma, C., Kaplan, I.R., and Moore, C. (1970) Evidence for Extraterrestrial Amino-acids and Hydrocarbons in the Murchison Meteorite. Nature: 228: 923-926.
MacPherson, G.J., Bar-Matthews, M., Tanaka, T., Olsen, E., and Grossman, L. (1983) Refractory inclusions in the Murchison meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 47(4): 823-839.
Zinner, E., Tang, M., and Anders, E. (1989) Interstellar SiC in the Murchison and Murray meteorites: Isotopic composition of Ne, Xe, Si, C and N. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 53: 3273–3290.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Stadermann, F.J., Croat, T.K., and Bernatowicz, T. (2004) NanoSIMS Determination of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopic Compositions of Presolar Graphites from the Murchison Meteorite. 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract No. 1758.
Stroud, R.M., Nittler, L.R., and Alexander, C.M.O'd. (2006) Supernova Nierite (α-Si3N4) from Murchison (pdf.#5360): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): page A168. (Aug 2006)
Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., and Rossman, G.R. (2010) Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010.
Palmer, E.E. and Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607.
Fujiya, W., Sugiura, N., Takahata, N., and Hiyagon, H. (2011) In-situ chromium isotope measurement of chromium-rich fine grains in the Murchison CM2 chondrite. Geochemical Journal: 45: 275-281.
Inoue, M. Itoh, S., Yurimoto, H., Kimura, M., and Nakamura, N. (2012) A granular-olivine Clast with fractionated REE from the Murchison CM Chondrite: Evidence for alteration/metamorphism and melting on the CM parent asteroid. 75th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. pdf#5099. [On Line]
Matzel, J.E.P., Simon, J.I., Hutcheon, I.D., Jacobsen, B., Simon, S.B., and Grossman, L. (2013) Oxygen Isotope Measurements of a Rare Murchison Type A CAI and its Rim. 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 18-22, 2013 in The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p. 2632.
Lee, M.R., Lingren, P., and Sofe, M.R. (2014) Aragonite, breunnerite, calcite and dolomite in the CM carbonaceous chondrites: High fidelity recorders of progressive parent body aqueous alteration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 144:126-156. (Nov 2014)
Philipp R. Heck, Jennika Greer, Levke Kööp, Reto Trappitsch, Frank Gyngard, Henner Busemann, Colin Maden, Janaína N. Ávila, Andrew M. Davis, and Rainer Wieler (2020) Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide. PNAS.
Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K., Rossman, G.R. (2020) Machiite, Al2Ti3O9, a new oxide mineral from the Murchison carbonaceous chondrite: A new ultra-refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist, 105(2), 239-243.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Australia
Australian PlateTectonic Plate

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