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Tongai
Regional Level Types
TongaCountry

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Key
Area:
748 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Neiafu4,320 (2015)
Vaini2,976 (2013)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Kingdom of Tonga
Other Languages:
French:
Tonga
German:
Tonga
Italian:
Tonga
Russian:
Тонга
Simplified Chinese:
東加
Spanish:
Tonga
Afrikaans:
Tonga
Albanian:
Tonga
Arabic:
تونجا
Belarusian:
Тонга
Bulgarian:
Тонга
Catalan:
Tonga
Czech:
Tonga
Danish:
Tonga
Dutch:
Tonga
Estonian:
Tonga
Farsi/Persian:
تونگا
Finnish:
Tonga
Galician:
Tonga
Greek:
Τόνγκα
Hebrew:
טונגה
Hindi:
टोंगा
Hungarian:
Tonga
Icelandic:
Tonga
Indonesian:
Tonga
Irish Gaelic:
Tonga
Japanese:
トンガ
Korean:
통가
Latvian:
Tonga
Lithuanian:
Tonga
Macedonian:
Тонга
Norwegian:
Tonga
Polish:
Tonga
Portuguese:
Tonga
Romanian:
Tonga
Serbian:
Тонга
Slovak:
Tonga
Slovenian:
Tonga
Swahili:
Tonga
Swedish:
Tonga
Tagalog:
Tonga
Thai:
ประเทศตองกา
Turkish:
Tonga
Ukrainian:
Тонга
Vietnamese:
Tonga
Welsh:
Tonga


An archipelago in the south Pacific Ocean comprising 169 islands, 96 of them inhabited, stretching over a distance of about 800 kilometres (500 miles) in a north-south line.

The islands lie south of Samoa and are about a third of the way between New Zealand and Hawaii.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

40 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
'Glass'
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1980) Geology, mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of the volcanic island of 'Ata, Tonga. Thesis (Master of Science), University of Otago, 187 pp.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Paropkari, Anil & Ray, Durbar & Balaram, V. & Lankalapalli, Surya & Mirza, Imran & Satyanarayana, M. & Rao, T. & Kaisary, Sujata. (2010). Formation of hydrothermal deposits at Kings Triple Junction, northern Lau back-arc basin, SW Pacific: The geochemical perspectives. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 38. 121-130. 10.1016/j.jseaes.2009.12.003.
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: Paropkari, Anil & Ray, Durbar & Balaram, V. & Lankalapalli, Surya & Mirza, Imran & Satyanarayana, M. & Rao, T. & Kaisary, Sujata. (2010). Formation of hydrothermal deposits at Kings Triple Junction, northern Lau back-arc basin, SW Pacific: The geochemical perspectives. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 38. 121-130. 10.1016/j.jseaes.2009.12.003.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1980) Geology, mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry of the volcanic island of 'Ata, Tonga. Thesis (Master of Science), University of Otago, 187 pp.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., Kim, J., & Moon, J. W. (2015). The role of late sulfide saturation in the formation of a Cu-and Au-rich magma: Insights from the platinum group element geochemistry of Niuatahi–Motutahi lavas, Tonga Rear Arc. Journal of Petrology, 56(1), 59-81.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Schwarz-Schampera, U.,et al. (2007) Cruise Report SONNE 192/2, MANGO. Marine Geoscientific Research on Input and Output in the Tonga-Kermadec Subduction Zone
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
Rudashevskyite
Formula: (Fe,Zn)S
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1926
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Park, J. W., Campbell, I. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Abundances of platinum group elements in native sulfur condensates from the Niuatahi-Motutahi submarine volcano, Tonga rear arc: Implications for PGE mineralization in porphyry deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, 236-246.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Stackelberg, U. V. N., & Petersen, S. (1990) Hydrothermal Mineralization from the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Back-Arc Basin (SW Pacific). Marine Mining 9:271-301
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Wendt, K. (2013). Geochemical Profiles of Three Deep-sea Hydrothermal Plumes of the Eastern Lau Spreading Center. Thesis
'Zeolite Group'
Locality: 'Ata, Tonga
Reference: Vallier, T.L., Stevenson, A.J., Scholl, D.W. (1985) Petrology of igneous rocks of Ata Island, Kingdom of Tonga. In: Scholl, D.W., Vallier, T.L. (compilers & editors), Geology and offshore resources of Pacific island arcs - Tonga region. Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Earth Science Series, volume 2, 301-306.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Lautite2.CB.40CuAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Rudashevskyite2.CB.05a(Fe,Zn)S
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite4.AB.25MnO
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite
var. Labradorite
9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Rudashevskyite2.8.2.7(Fe,Zn)S
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Lautite2.12.8.1CuAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2+2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Manganosite4.2.1.3MnO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite
var. Labradorite
-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glass'-
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
OOxygen
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O PericlaseMgO
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O ManganositeMnO
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg PericlaseMgO
AlAluminium
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)As4S12S
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S LautiteCuAsS
S Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn ManganositeMnO
FeIron
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe TroiliteFeS
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)As4S12S
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu LautiteCuAsS
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn Rudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As Tennantite SubgroupCu6(Cu4X22+)As4S12S
As LautiteCuAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AgSilver
Ag Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
SnTin
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AuGold
Au Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Fossils

There are 10 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences151
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed0.13 Ma (Pleistocene)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Astralium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Astralium0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Trochus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Pseudophoridae : Trochus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Conus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lithophaga
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Lithophaga0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lima
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Lima0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Tellina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tellinidae : Tellina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gallinula
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Gruiformes : Rallidae : Gallinula0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Nycticorax
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Pelecaniformes : Ardeidae : Nycticorax0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Conus flavidus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus flavidus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Conus striatus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus striatus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Arestorides argus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Lyncina (Arestorides) : Arestorides argus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Lyncina carneola
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Lyncina : Lyncina carneola0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Erosaria : Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Luria isabella
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Luria : Luria isabella0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Lyncina : Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Haliotis (Padollus) ovina
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Haliotidae : Haliotis : Haliotis (Padollus) ovina0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Trapezium oblongum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Trapezidae : Trapezium : Trapezium oblongum0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Turbo (Marmarostoma) argyrostomus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Turbinidae : Turbo : Turbo (Marmarostoma) argyrostomus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Turbo (Marmarostoma) crassus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Turbinidae : Turbo : Turbo (Marmarostoma) crassus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Barbatia (Ustularca) fusca
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Barbatia : Barbatia (Ustularca) fusca0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gloripallium pallium
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Gloripallium : Gloripallium pallium0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Tyto alba
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Strigiformes : Tytonidae : Tyto : Tyto alba0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Arca divaricata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Arca : Arca divaricata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Trochus (Trochus) incrassatus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochidae : Trochus : Trochus (Trochus) incrassatus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Infundibulum tubiferus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochidae : Infundibulum : Infundibulum tubiferus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Conus catus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Conidae : Conus : Conus catus0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Mauritia mauritiana
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Mauritia : Mauritia mauritiana0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Phaethon lepturus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Phaethontiformes : Phaethontidae : Phaethon : Phaethon lepturus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cypraeidae : Erosaria : Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Periglypta reticulata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Veneroidei : Veneridae : Periglypta : Periglypta reticulata0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Zosteropidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Zosteropidae0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ardenna pacifica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Procellariiformes : Procellariidae : Ardenna : Ardenna pacifica0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Pluvialis dominica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Charadriidae : Pluvialis : Pluvialis dominica0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Numenius tahitiensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Scolopacidae : Numenius : Numenius tahitiensis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Tringa incana
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Scolopacidae : Tringa : Tringa incana0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Anous minutus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Laridae : Anous : Anous minutus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Gallirallus philippensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Gruiformes : Rallidae : Gallirallus : Gallirallus philippensis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Vasticardium orbita
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Acrosterigma : Vasticardium orbita0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Gallus gallus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Phasianidae : Gallus : Gallus gallus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Anous stolidus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Laridae : Anous : Anous stolidus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Anas superciliosa
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Anseriformes : Anatidae : Anas : Anas superciliosa0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ptilinopus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ptilinopus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ducula
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ducula0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Zapornia tabuensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Gruiformes : Rallidae : Zapornia : Zapornia tabuensis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ducula david
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ducula : Ducula david0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ducula pacifica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ducula : Ducula pacifica0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Megapodius
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Megapodiidae : Megapodius0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Alopecoenas stairi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Alopecoenas : Alopecoenas stairi0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Aplonis tabuensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Sturnidae : Aplonis : Aplonis tabuensis0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Megapodius pritchardii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Megapodiidae : Megapodius : Megapodius pritchardii0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Aerodramus spodiopygius
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Caprimulgiformes : Apodidae : Aerodramus : Aerodramus spodiopygius0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Porphyrio porphyrio
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Gruiformes : Rallidae : Porphyrio : Porphyrio porphyrio0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Megapodius alimentum
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Megapodiidae : Megapodius : Megapodius alimentum0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Megapodius molistructor
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Galliformes : Megapodiidae : Megapodius : Megapodius molistructor0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Myiagra
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Monarchidae : Myiagra0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Gygis alba candida
subspecies
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Laridae : Gygis : Gygis alba candida0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Todiramphus chloris
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Coraciiformes : Alcedinidae : Todiramphus : Todiramphus chloris0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Didunculus placopedetes
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Didunculus : Didunculus placopedetes0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Eclectus infectus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Psittaciformes : Psittaculidae : Eclectus : Eclectus infectus0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Accipiter rufitorques
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Accipiter : Accipiter rufitorques0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ptilinopus porphyraceus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ptilinopus : Ptilinopus porphyraceus0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ptilinopus perousii
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ptilinopus : Ptilinopus perousii0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Vini australis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Psittaciformes : Psittaculidae : Vini : Vini australis0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Phigys solitarius
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Psittaciformes : Psittaculidae : Phigys : Phigys solitarius0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Lalage maculosa
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Campephagidae : Lalage : Lalage maculosa0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Clytorhynchus vitiensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Monarchidae : Clytorhynchus : Clytorhynchus vitiensis0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Cettia
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Cettiidae : Cettia0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Turdus poliocephalus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Turdidae : Turdus : Turdus poliocephalus0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Myzomela cardinalis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Meliphagidae : Myzomela : Myzomela cardinalis0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Foulehaio carunculatus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Meliphagidae : Foulehaio : Foulehaio carunculatus0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Eopsaltria
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Petroicidae : Eopsaltria0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Gallirallus vekamatolu
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Gruiformes : Rallidae : Gallirallus : Gallirallus vekamatolu0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ducula latrans
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Columbiformes : Columbidae : Ducula : Ducula latrans0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Prosopeia tabuensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Psittaciformes : Psittaculidae : Prosopeia : Prosopeia tabuensis0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 10 fossil localities

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonga
Wikidata ID:Q678

External Links

http://dsm.gsd.spc.int/public/files/meetings/01_Terrestrial_Mining_and_Mineral_Resources_Potential_of_the_Pacific_Islands_Region_Akuila_Tawake.pdf [Akuila Tawake (2012) Mineral Resources Potential and Mining in the Pacific Islands Region - Lessons Learned. Pacific-ACP States Regional Training Workshop on Geological, Technological, Biological and Environmental Aspects of Deep Sea Minerals. Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi Fiji. 13th–17th August 2012]

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Tonga PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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