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Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Pine River pegmatites, Fern, Florence Co., Wisconsin, USAi
Regional Level Types
Animikie Red Ace pegmatitePegmatite
Pine River pegmatitesPegmatite Field
Fern- not defined -
Florence Co.County
WisconsinState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 51' 2'' North , 88° 21' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Florence592 (2017)11.2km
Commonwealth403 (2017)11.2km
Alpha138 (2017)21.6km
Iron Mountain7,504 (2018)22.5km
Kingsford5,069 (2017)22.6km


The most complex and largest pegmatite in the Hoskins Lake pegmatite field. These pegmatites are as yet undated but probably are related to the intrusion of 1,760 million-year-old Bush Lake Granite. Location is in Sec 22, T39N R17E. The coordinates mark a prominent outcrop. This locality is now part of the "Pine River Wild Rivers Area", and collecting is no longer permitted.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Béhierite
Formula: (Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons & K. L. Webber (1995) Niobium-Tantalum minerals from the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence County, Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 70(2): 126-127. Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Fillowite
Formula: {Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455. Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Griphite
Formula: Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455. Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455. Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Natrophilite
Formula: NaMn2+PO4
Reference: Al Falster
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Van King
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455. Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Tantite
Formula: Ta2O5
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Väyrynenite
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
'Wad'
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Allvaudite--Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tantite4.EA.05Ta2O5
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Béhierite6.AC.15(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fillowite8.AC.50{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Griphite8.BF.15Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Natrophilite8.AB.10NaMn2+PO4
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Väyrynenite8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Lepidolite'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Miscellaneous
Tantite4.6.6.1Ta2O5
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Béhierite24.1.2.1(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Natrophilite38.1.1.3NaMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Fillowite38.2.5.1{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
AXO4
Purpurite38.4.1.2(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Väyrynenite41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Griphite41.9.3.1Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Morganite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
'Lepidolite'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O HematiteFe2O3
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
O GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TantiteTa2O5
O VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O UraniniteUO2
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
F VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
NaSodium
Na Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Na GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
MgMagnesium
Mg GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
P GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
P Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
KPotassium
K Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Ca GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
Mn GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Fe Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta TantiteTa2O5
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)
ThThorium
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2976420
Mafic metavolcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Dominantly tholeiitic basalt and basaltic andesite flows and tuffs; associated with sheet dikes, massive and layered metagabbro, and ultramafic rocks. In northeastern Wisconsin, rocks have been named the Quinnesec Formation.

Comments: Pembine-Wausau terrane Original map source: Cannon, W.F., Kress, T.H., Sutphin, D.M., Morey, G.B., Meints, Joyce, and Barber-Delach, Robert, 1997, Digital Geologic Map and mineral deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan: USGS Open-File Report 97-455 (version 3, Nov. 19

Lithology: Major:{basalt,basaltic andesite}, Minor:{metagabbro,ultramafic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184790
Paleoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Pembine-Wasau Terrane

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1988) Fillowite, Lithiophilite, Heterosite/Purpurite and Alluaudite-Varulite Group Minerals from a Pegmatite in Florence County, WI, Abst. 15th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rocks and Minerals: 63(6) p. 455.
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons & K. L. Webber (1995) Niobium-Tantalum minerals from the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence County, Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 70(2): 126-127.
Falster, A., W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Rec. Res. Dev. Mineral: 1: 7-67.
Falster, A. U. (2001), A second world occurrence for behierite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Proceedings 28th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium: 8-9.
Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence County, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.

External Links

Wisconsin Mineral index - Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/wisconsin-geology/minerals-wisconsin/


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