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Wheal Hen, Botallack Mine, Botallack, St Just, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Wheal HenMine
Botallack MineMine (Abandoned)
BotallackVillage
St JustCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 8' 41'' North , 5° 41' 24'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SW364338
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
St Just1,957 (2017)2.4km
Madron626 (2017)9.0km
Penzance19,872 (2017)11.3km
Mousehole697 (2017)12.8km
Marazion1,294 (2017)15.5km


A copper and tin mine. There is a walled shaft and a levelled dump remaining east of the Southwest Coast Path and just opposite to the dumps of Wheal Cock. Both mines were later incorporated with the Botallack Mine sett.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: P Haas, collected May 2005
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: P Haas (2007) - occurs on the dump
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: P Haas, collected May 2005
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: massive
Colour: Dark red
Description: Typically as thin seams in matrix around native copper or decomposed copper sulphides.
Reference: P Haas, collected May 2005
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: P Haas (collected 2005, 2008)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Tom Hardman collection
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: H Klapproth, collected May 2005
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: P Haas (collected 2005)
Paratacamite ?
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Description: Visual identification only. Might be clinoatacamite.
Reference: P Haas, collected May 2005
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: P Haas, collected 2005
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Haas, collected in May 2005
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Haas (2007) - collected from the dump
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: D Hudson (St Just), pers. commun.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: P Haas, collected 2002
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: P Haas, inspection of the dump in May 2005
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: P Haas, collected 2007

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite ?3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite ?10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O CupriteCu2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
SeSelenium
Se ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
UK

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