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Waterfall Gorge, Insizwa, Alfred Nzo District, Eastern Cape, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Waterfall GorgeGorge
Insizwa- not defined -
Alfred Nzo DistrictDistrict
Eastern CapeProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
30° 47' 0'' South , 29° 18' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kokstad25,373 (2012)28.5km


Cu-Ni-PGE deposit in the Waterfall Gorge Section at the southern limit of the Insizwa intrusion, is one of four lobes of the Mount Ayliff Complex, approx 30km from Kokstad. Prospect.

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Auricupride ?
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: extraLapis no. 2, Gold, 43
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 148.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879
Insizwaite (TL)
Formula: Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1972) 38, 794-800
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Niggliite (TL)
Formula: PtSn
Type Locality:
Reference: Trans.Geol.Soc.S.Africa,(1936) 39, 81-210
Parkerite (TL)
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 59 (1974), 296; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:1857-1879

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Auricupride ?1.AA.10aCu3Au
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Niggliite (TL)1.AG.60PtSn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Insizwaite (TL)2.EB.05aPt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite (TL)2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride ?1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Niggliite (TL)1.2.10.1PtSn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite (TL)2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Insizwaite (TL)2.12.1.15Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
OOxygen
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
MgMagnesium
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
SSulfur
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
S CooperitePtS
S LauriteRuS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S SphaleriteZnS
S MilleriteNiS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
CaCalcium
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
NiNickel
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AuricuprideCu3Au
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As NickelineNiAs
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Frooditeα-PdBi2
SnTin
Sn NiggliitePtSn
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
Pt NiggliitePtSn
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
AuGold
Au AuricuprideCu3Au
PbLead
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Bi Frooditeα-PdBi2
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Canadian Mineralogist (1981) Vol. 19: 607-618.
Lightfoot, P.C., Naldrett, A.J., and Hawkesworth, C.J. (1984) The geology and geochemistry of the Waterfall Gorge section of the Insizwa complex with particular reference to the origin of nickel sulfide deposits. Economic Geology: 79: 1857-1879.

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