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West Wheal Owles (Cargodna Mine), Botallack, St Just, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
West Wheal Owles (Cargodna Mine)Mine
BotallackVillage
St JustParish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCounty

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 8' 14'' North , 5° 41' 31'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.13738,-5.69222
GeoHash:G#: gbgvnrpp3
UK National Grid Reference:SW362330
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


The site of a famous Cornish mining disaster. On Tuesday, Jan 10th 1893, 20 miners were drowned after, it is believed, they accidentally broke through to the flooded abandoned workings of Wheal Drea.
Mineral collectors are advised that all the dumps associated with this mine, together with many other mine dumps along this stretch of coastline, are part of the Aire Point to Carrick Du Site of Special Scientific Interest and consequently prior written consent is required from both The National Trust as landowner and also Natural England before samples can be removed.

The location was chosen to take the mine views for the series Poldark.

Regions containing this locality

Devon and Cornwall metalliferous mining district, England, UK

Mining District - 762 mineral species & varietal names listed

St Just Mining Region, Cornwall, England, UK

Region - 268 mineral species & varietal names listed

St Just Mining District, Cornwall, England, UK

Mining District - 253 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Reported from slates in the cliffs below the mine.
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 149
Becquerelite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Description: Reported from Cargodna Lode, but has not been confirmed.
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 115
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: P Haas collection
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Visual Identification (J.Ralph 2009)
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 121
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Visual Identification (J.Ralph 2009)
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Visual Identification (J.Ralph 2009)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Rust collection
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Visual Identification (J.Ralph 2009)
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: P Haas collection
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: Reported from the cliffs below the mine, where it encloses angular fragments of feldspar.
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 146
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: Reported from the cliffs below the mine, where it encloses angular fragments of feldspar.
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 146
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Visual Identification (J.Ralph 2009)
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Botallackite'3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
'Connellite'3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Becquerelite' ?4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chalcophyllite'8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metanováčekite8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Cuprosklodowskite'9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite ?5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metanováčekite40.2a.10.2Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
VVanadium
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine Subgroup (var: Bastite)D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
UUranium
U BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
U CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
U MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3191499
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 2031044
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Devonian

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3130462
Ordovician granite

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Granite group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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