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Champ Brècheté, Urbeis, Villé Valley, Bas-Rhin, Grand Est, Francei
Regional Level Types
Champ Brècheté- not defined -
Urbeis- not defined -
Villé ValleyValley
Bas-RhinDepartment
Grand EstRegion
FranceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Champ Brècheté, Urbeis, Val de Villé, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 19' 48'' North , 7° 13' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.33018,7.22965
GeoHash:G#: u0t4uw0rx
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Urbeis292 (2018)0.6km
Lalaye414 (2018)2.3km
Fouchy606 (2018)3.1km
Maisonsgoutte825 (2018)3.5km
Steige538 (2018)3.6km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Alsace


The Brêcheté field is located between the Castle mine and Theophilus mine, and grows on almost a hundred vertical meters.

In 1574 a report retained at Monaco archives (FLUCK P. 1981), speaks about a Notre Dame mine in Urbeis(?) In which they dug a new schaft on fault with the vein contains high copper mine and lead grading up 7-8 loths silver(0.21 to 0.24%) and very easy to melt.
An undated report described the mining district. It signals the Saint Oswald mine that can match with brêcheté field and will go up, according to FLUCK P., around 1578.
From 1742 to 1748 Mining restart to cover operating without convincing results. Others were held in 1780 and 1781, period when De Dietrich described the Brêcheté Field. He reported that three associates, including the pastor of Urbeis, made clear 180 yards of galleries and 7 yards schafts. In 1789, De Dietrich visit the mines of Urbeis once again abandoned.
From 1804 to 1863 repeatedly or research took place, but these works have not been important since the veins were already in great part almost exhausted.
Daubrée rose too, in 1852, the importance of the brêcheté field work.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: Les minéraux du groupe de la Mixite, C. Lheur & N. Meisser, Le cahier des micromonteurs (AFM )N°77 3/2002.
Reference: N. Meisser2001 and 2002 Analysis
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: Les minéraux du groupe de la Mixite, C. Lheur & N. Meisser, Le cahier des micromonteurs (AFM )N°77 3/2002.
Reference: N. Meisser2001 and 2002 Analysis
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Good crystals not dammaged are rare.
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: More crusts than infra-millimetrics grains.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Th. Brunsperger collection
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: light blue
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection and determined by Nicolas Meisser (Lausanne Geological Museum)
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: Undetermined form, crystals are often dissolved by drainage water and let empty vavities into or in external border of the Quartz matrix (Boxwork) where other minerals will be found.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: Galena is usually massive, flooded into the quartz matrix. Only some microminerals were founded into the Boxwork matrix.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Habit: Hilly form, rarelly stalagmitique. Goethite is most often altérated, rarelly dark and bright.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: heganonal tabular crystal
Colour: colourless
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection and Nicolas Meisser analysis (Lausanne Geological Museum)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: R.De ASCENÇAO GUEDES (2004) - La linarite, Le Règne Minéral, n° 57, pp 37-41.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Th Brunsperger collection
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Phosgenite ?
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: Biggest crystals are 2cm on edge.
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Vein work for Silver contained into Galena. No data about the native silver extraction.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.
Vanadinite ?
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Seems to be a brown cerussite
Reference: Aufschluss 1/85
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: 3 habits; Dypyramidal, tabular and large leaf.
Colour: Beige to yellow or orange.
Reference: Thierry Brunsperger collection.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Agardite-(Ce)-CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mimetite
var: Campylite
-Pb5(AsO4)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O CerussitePbCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
AsArsenic
As Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
CeCerium
Ce Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
PbLead
Pb Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3151401
calc-alkaline syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic - Proterozoic
443.8 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2618638

Age: to Ordovician (443.8 - 2500 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Comments: Sammel-Code for gneiss in the Odenwald, Black Forest, Vosges

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3187252
Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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