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Massa Marittima, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Massa MarittimaCommune
Grosseto ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Massa Marittima5,707 (2014)
Prata584 (2014)
Valpiana499 (2014)
Niccioleta248 (2014)
Ghirlanda213 (2014)
Tatti209 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Massa Marittima, Province de Grosseto, Toscane, Italie
German:
Massa Marittima, Provinz Grosseto, Toskana, Italien
Italian:
Massa Marittima, Provincia di Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Russian:
Масса-Мариттима, Провинция Гроссето, Тоскана, Италия
Simplified Chinese:
马萨马里蒂马, 格羅塞托省, 托斯卡纳, 意大利
Spanish:
Massa Marittima, Provincia de Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Armenian:
Մասա Մարիտիմա, Գրոսետո, Տոսկանա, Իտալիա
Basque:
Massa Marittima, Grossetoko probintzia, Toskana, Italia
Belarusian:
Маса-Марытыма, правінцыя Грасета, Таскана, Італія
Breton:
Massa Marittima, Proviñs Grosseto, Toskana, Italia
Bulgarian:
Маса Маритима, Гросето, Тоскана, Италия
Catalan:
Massa Marittima, província de Grosseto, Toscana, Itàlia
Cebuano:
Massa Marittima, Provincia di Grosseto, Toscana, Italya
Central Bikol:
Massa Marittima, Provincia nin Grosseto, Tuscany, Italya
Dutch:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscane, Italië
Esperanto:
Massa Marittima, Provinco Groseto, Toskanio, Italio
Farsi/Persian:
ماسا ماریتیما, استان گروستو, توسکانی, ایتالیا
Greek:
Μάσα Μαριτίμα, Γκροσσέτο, Τοσκάνη, Ιταλία
Hebrew:
מסה מריטימה, גרוסטו, טוסקנה, איטליה
Hungarian:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto megye, Toszkána, Olaszország
Indonesian:
Massa Marittima, Provinsi Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Japanese:
マッサ・マリッティマ, グロッセート県, トスカーナ州, イタリア
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Масса-Мариттима, Тоскана, Италия
Korean:
마사마리티마, 그로세토현, 토스카나주, 이탈리아
Latin:
Massa Veternensis, Provincia Grossetana (Provincia Grosseti), Tuscia, Italia
Lombard:
Massa Marittima, Pruvincia de Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Luxembourgish:
Massa Marittima, Toskana, Italien
Malay:
Massa Marittima, Wilayah Grosseto, Tuscany, Itali
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto Séng, Toscana, Italia
Neapolitan:
Massa Marittima, Toscana, Italia
Piedmontese:
Massa Marittima, Provincia ëd Grosset, Toscan-a, Italia
Polish:
Massa Marittima, Prowincja Grosseto, Toskania, Włochy
Portuguese:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Itália
Romanian:
Massa Marittima, Provincia Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Serbian:
Маса Маритима, Гросето, Тоскана, Италија
Serbo-Croatian:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toskana, Italija
Sicilian:
Massa Marittima, Pruvincia di Grussetu, Tuscana, Italia
Silesian:
Massa Marittima, Italijo
South Azerbaijani:
ماسا ماریتیما, قروستو اوستانی, توسکانی, ایتالیا
Tagalog:
Massa Marittima, Lalawigan ng Grosseto, Tuscany, Italya
Tarantino:
Massa Marittima, Provinge de Grosseto, Toscana, Itaglie
Ukrainian:
Масса-Мариттіма, Гроссето , Тоскана, Італія
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Italiya
Vietnamese:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Ý
Volapük:
Massa Marittima, Litaliyän
Waray:
Massa Marittima, Grosseto, Toscana, Italya


Mineral extraction and metallurgy have flourished in the Colline Metallifere mining district since Etruscan times. After a period of decline, the revival of mining and metallurgical activities began around the 10th and 11th century A.D. In the Middle Ages, Massa Marittima became the most important mining and metallurgy center of the region, as testified by the early promulgation of the "Ordinamenta super artem fossarum rameriae et argenteriae civitatis Massae". This is one of the most ancient European collections of rules and laws concerning mining, metal production, metal testing, and metal trading. The Latin title clearly indicates that the medieval commune of Massa Marittima was mainly interested in copper and silver. Although the final code dates to 1328 A.D., the earliest regulations date back to 1250 A.D.

"Ordinamenta super artem ..." reports several mining areas and metallurgical centers all around Massa Marittima. Traces of hundreds of medieval pits are still visible a few kilometers from the town. Widespread medieval mineral smelting is further testified by the frequent occurrence of slag heaps in the localities indicated in "Ordinamenta super artem ...", such as Marsiliana, Arialla, and Rocchette Pannocchieschi. Rather than a mere waste, slag was a technological by-product intentionally designed to optimize metal yield. The mineral charge was smelted approaching eutectic compositions, namely compositions able to produce low-temperature melts. Effective metal-silicate segregation in the furnace was achieved through the design of low-viscosity melts.

The base-metal deposits (copper, lead, and silver) of the Massa Marittima mining district originated from the massive circulation of hydrothermal fluids subsequent to Pliocene magmatism in Southern Tuscany. Fluids circulated through an important NW–SE fault system originated by the deep emplacement of granitic stocks. At the deepest crustal levels, the metasomatic interaction between fluids and carbonatic rocks produced skarn deposits. Elsewhere, hydrothermal activity mobilized, transported and redeposited base-metals and pyrite ores. Quartz dikes cut the country rocks and host mineralizations. For instance, the Serrabottini fault is marked by the presence of a sphalerite-galena-chalcopyrite quartz dike, several kilometers long and a few meters thick. Zoning of mineralizations may occur. Moving from north to south along the Fenice fault, the mineralized dike changes from chalcopyrite-rich to sphalerite- and galena-rich; as a consequence, copper dominates at Fenice Capanne mine, and lead and zinc dominate at Accesa mine.

A mining museum can be visited in the town.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

144 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Minerali d'argento della Toscana meridionale. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 8-24; Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., Casini, A., Costantini, A. & Pagani, G. (2015). Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 266 pp.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., Casini, A., Costantini, A. & Pagani, G. (2015). Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 266 pp.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Bardi T., Bazzoni C., Bernocchi M., Carlini R., Mangoni G. (2015): Jamesonite: nuove segnalazioni dalle Colline Metallifere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 262-265.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Kutzke, H., Klapper, H., Merlino, S., Pasero, M., Perchiazzi, N., and Eggert, G. (2000) The crystal structure of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, determined on crystals from Etruscan slags and from a Late-Hellenistic shipwreck. Zeits. Kristallogr., 215, 110-113.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Lattanzi P. Tanelli G.,1978: Considerazioni genetiche sulla cotunnite del giacimento a pirite di Niccioleta (Toscana). 'Rend.Soc.Ital.Mineral.Petrol. 34 (1) Milano pp. 37-44 Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Giuliano Bettini Collection
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19: 9-28.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Manasse A., Mellini M. (2002): Chemical and textural characterisation of medieval slags from the Massa Marittima smelting sites (Tuscany, Italy). J. Cultural Heritage, 3, 187-198.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1983. La miniera di "Fenice-Capanne". Minerali e genesi del giacimento. Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno, 4: 19-32.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: ko jansen
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Manasse A., Mellini M. (2002): Chemical and textural characterisation of medieval slags from the Massa Marittima smelting sites (Tuscany, Italy). J. Cultural Heritage, 3, 187-198.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Italien/Toskana%20%28Toscana%29/Grosseto%2C%20Provinz/Massa%20Marittima
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Luzonite ?
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: ko Jansen.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Orthoserpierite ?
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: Or serpierite ? (SEM-EDX + PXRD)
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Minerali d'argento della Toscana meridionale. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 8-24.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Manasse A., Mellini M. (2002): Chemical and textural characterisation of medieval slags from the Massa Marittima smelting sites (Tuscany, Italy). J. Cultural Heritage, 3, 187-198.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89; Costantini A., Pagani G. (eds.) (2015): Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere - Tuscan Mining Geopark. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 272 pp.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: ko jansen
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Smithsonite var: Monheimite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)CO3
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Manasse A., Mellini M. (2002): Chemical and textural characterisation of medieval slags from the Massa Marittima smelting sites (Tuscany, Italy). J. Cultural Heritage, 3, 187-198.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tiberiobardiite (TL)
Formula: {Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Pasero, M. Zaccarini, F. (2017): Tiberiobardiite, IMA 2016-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 404; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89; Costantini A., Pagani G. (eds.) (2015): Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere - Tuscan Mining Geopark. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 272 pp.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: A.Costantini, G.Pagani (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel parco delle colline metallifere - Tuscan mining geopark . 1-266
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
'UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSb'
Formula: Pb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
Reference: Innocenti, M., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G. (1984): Mineralogy and environment of formation of the Cu-Pb-Zn (Ag,Sb,As) mineralizations in the Niccioleta deposit. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol.: 39: 657-667 (in English); in: Dunn, P.J., Chao, G.Y., Fitzpatrick, J.J., Langley, R.H., Fleischer, M., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 231
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Dill, H. (1979): Lagerstättenkundliche Untersuchungen zur Entstehung der Pyrit-führenden Blei-Kupfer-Zink-Lagerstätte Accesa (SW-Toskana). Mineral. Deposita 14, 57-80.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Luzonite ?2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var: Monheimite5.AB.05(Zn,Fe)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Orthoserpierite ?7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Tiberiobardiite (TL)-{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
'UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSb'-Pb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite ?3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Barstowite12.1.7.1Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Orthoserpierite ?31.6.7.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
var: Monheimite
-(Zn,Fe)CO3
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Tiberiobardiite (TL)-{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
'UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSb'-Pb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MiniumPb3O4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O LithargePbO
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S SulphurS8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S StibniteSb2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S GreenockiteCdS
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S CinnabarHgS
S UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
ClChlorine
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
CuCopper
Cu Tiberiobardiite{Cu9Al[SiO3(OH)]2(OH)12(H2O)6}(SO4)1.5 · 10H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Smithsonite (var: Monheimite)(Zn,Fe)CO3
Zn OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As ArsenicAs
As UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Pb LithargePbO
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSbPb2(Cu,Fe)4(Sb,As)2S9
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bonaini, F. (ed.) (1850) Ordinamenta super artem fossarum rameriae et argenteriae civitatis Massae [A.D. 1294-1328] - Statuto delle miniere d'argento e di rame della Città di Massa. Archivio Storico Italiano, tomo VIII, Appendice 27, 631-699.
Lotti, B. (1893) Descrizione geologico-mineraria dei dintorni di Massa Marittima in Toscana. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d'Italia, 8, 171 pp.
Lotti, B. (1910) Geologia della Toscana. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d'Italia, 13, 484 pp.
Badii, G. (1932) Le antiche miniere del Massetano (Massa Metallorum). Studi Etruschi, 5, 455-473.
Panella, A., Casella, C., and Rodolico, N. (eds.) (1938) Ordinamenta super artem fossarum rameriae et argenteriae civitatis Massae [A.D. 1294-1328]. Le Monnier, Firenze, 100 pp.; anastatic reprint, 1983, Amministrazione Provinciale, Grosseto.
Burtet Fabris, B. and Omenetto, P. (January 1974) Zonalità nei depositi a solfuri misti nella zona di Massa Marittima (Toscana). Industria Mineraria, 15-24.
Baldinacci, S. and Fabretti, G. (1989) L'arte della coltivazione del rame e dell'argento a Massa Marittima nel XIII secolo. Cantini Ed., Firenze, 183 pp.
Jansen, H. and van den Berg, W. (1998) Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Manasse, A. and Mellini, M. (2002) Chemical and textural characterisation of medieval slags from the Massa Marittima smelting sites (Tuscany, Italy). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 3, 187-198.
Costantini, A. and Pagani, G. (eds.) (2015) Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere - Tuscan Mining Geopark. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 272 pp.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massa_Marittima
Wikidata ID:Q214725
GeoNames ID:6538609

Mindat Articles

LE ANTICHE MINIERE DELLA VALLE DEL TORRENTE ZANCA by Adrio Bocci


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