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Kandesei (Otjozongombe; Old German mine), Kaokoveld Plateau, Kunene Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Kandesei (Otjozongombe; Old German mine)- not defined -
Kaokoveld PlateauPlateau
Kunene RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
18° 49' 19'' South , 13° 57' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Okandawasi


Located about 10 km SW of Omaue.
Known for excellent shattuckite specimens.
The local Herero language name is "Okandawasi". The prolific mine is also known under the erroneous name "Kaokoveld mine".

Note: according to Niedermayr et al. (2008), "Otjikotu" is a name apparently used for Kandesei by American dealers.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Apachite
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Plancheite ?
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Silver
Formula: Ag
Habit: wire
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
'Wad'
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Apachite9.HE.10Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite ?9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite ?66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Apachite78.4.1.1Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
CCarbon
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O CupriteCu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DjurleiteCu31S16
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag SilverAg
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
BiBismuth
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3189848
Neoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E.A., and Brandstätter, F. (2008) Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).
Schnaitmann, E.A. and Jahn, S. (2010) Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.


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