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Leonie I Mine (Leonie Mine; Alte Leonie Mine), Auerbach, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 41' 59'' North , 11° 37' 58'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.699963, 11.633003
Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Leonie I (Grube Leonie, Grube Alte Leonie), Auerbach, Oberpfalz, Bayern, Deutschland

Ancient iron mine, abandoned in 1988.
Located 1 km north of Auerbach.

Mineral List

16 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Comments: Sandstone: especially Elbe-Bohemia

Lithology: Lime- and marlstone, claystone, sandstone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


von Gehlen, K., and Harder, H. (1956): Zur Genese der kretazischen Eisenerze von Auerbach (Oberpfalz). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 5, 118-138. (in German).

Geipel, R. (1982): Neufunde in der Grube Leonie / Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (5), 196.

Geipel, R. (1982): Neues von Auerbach / Oberpfalz. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (9), 388.

Geipel, R. (1982): Sammeln in der Oberpfalz - Die Phosphatmineralien von Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (12), 549-554.

Pfeufer, J. (1983): Genesis of the Auerbach-Sulzbach-Rosenberg-Amberg iron ore deposits (Upper Palatinate). Geol. Jahrb., Reihe D, 64, 3-69. (in German).

Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German).

Weiß, S. (1990): Mineralfundstellenatlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag (Munich).

Sattler, C.-D. & Halbach, P. (1998): Precipitation and alteration of late Cretaceous sedimentary apatites and siderites (Leonie trough, Bavaria, Germany). Chemie der Erde 58, 197-218.

Dill, H.G., Weber, B. & Kaufhold, S. (2009): The origin of siderite-goethite-phosphate mineralization in the karst-related faultbound iron ore deposit Auerbach, Germany, a clue to the timing of hypogene and supergene Fe-Al phosphates in NE Bavaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 186, 283-307.

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