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Leonie I Mine (Leonie Mine; Alte Leonie Mine), Auerbach, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Leonie I Mine (Leonie Mine; Alte Leonie Mine)Mine
Auerbach- not defined -
Upper Palatinate- not defined -
Bavaria- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Leonie I (Grube Leonie, Grube Alte Leonie), Auerbach, Oberpfalz, Bayern, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 41' 59'' North , 11° 37' 58'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.69996,11.63300
GeoHash:G#: u2b68xwgk
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Auerbach9,089 (2013)0.9km
Kirchenthumbach3,448 (2013)8.6km
Pegnitz14,279 (2013)8.7km
Neuhaus an der Pegnitz2,974 (2013)10.0km
Königstein1,761 (2016)10.2km


Ancient iron mine, abandoned in 1988.
Located 1 km north of Auerbach.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Geipel, R. (1982): Neufunde in der Grube Leonie / Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (5), 196.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German); Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German); Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Simone Citon collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: https://e-rocks.com/item/clb111882/goethite-var-glaskopf
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Reference: Geipel, R. (1982) Sammeln in der Oberpfalz: Die Phosphatmineralien von Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6, 549-554. (in German); Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hastingsite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: O Dziallas collection
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: peter neschen collection
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Geipel, R. (1982): Neues von Auerbach / Oberpfalz. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (9), 388.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: von Gehlen, K., and Harder, H. (1956): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 5, 118-138.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Geipel, R. (1982): Neufunde in der Grube Leonie / Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (5), 196; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Geipel, R. (1982): Neufunde in der Grube Leonie / Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (5), 196; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/LokationMineralData?param=5953,4131

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Magnesio-hastingsite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hastingsite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O BaryteBaSO4
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
CaCalcium
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
FeIron
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3160713
Late Cretaceous limestone

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{marlstone,mudstone,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 2605782

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Comments: Sandstone: especially Elbe-Bohemia

Lithology: Lime- and marlstone, claystone, sandstone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
von Gehlen, K. and Harder, H. (1956) Zur Genese der kretazischen Eisenerze von Auerbach (Oberpfalz). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 5, 118-138. (in German).
Geipel, R. (1982) Neufunde in der Grube Leonie / Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (5), 196.
Geipel, R. (1982) Neues von Auerbach / Oberpfalz. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (9), 388.
Geipel, R. (1982) Sammeln in der Oberpfalz - Die Phosphatmineralien von Auerbach. Mineralien-Magazin, 6 (12), 549-554.
Pfeufer, J. (1983) Genesis of the Auerbach-Sulzbach-Rosenberg-Amberg iron ore deposits (Upper Palatinate). Geologisches Jahrbuch, Reihe D, 64, 3-69. (in German).
Stanjek, H. (1983) Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German).
Weiß, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellenatlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag (Munich).
Sattler, C.-D. and Halbach, P. (1998) Precipitation and alteration of late Cretaceous sedimentary apatites and siderites (Leonie trough, Bavaria, Germany). Chemie der Erde 58, 197-218.
Dill, H.G., Weber, B., and Kaufhold, S. (2009) The origin of siderite-goethite-phosphate mineralization in the karst-related faultbound iron ore deposit Auerbach, Germany, a clue to the timing of hypogene and supergene Fe-Al phosphates in NE Bavaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 186, 283-307.

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