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Le Coreux, Salmchâteau, Vielsalm, Stavelot Massif, Luxembourg, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
Le Coreux- not defined -
Salmchâteau- not defined -
Vielsalm- not defined -
Stavelot MassifMassif
LuxembourgProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 16' 11'' North , 5° 54' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vielsalm7,291 (2012)1.7km
Lierneux3,332 (2012)8.3km
Gouvy4,706 (2012)9.6km
Trois-Ponts2,533 (2011)11.6km
Hautbellain151 (2017)13.6km


Located only 200/250 meters from Salmchâteau.
Comprises the Le Coreux mine (250 meters from Salmchâteau) and an outcrop of quartz veins (200 meters from Salmchâteau), both to the west of the small road from Salmchâteau to Vielsalm.

Late quartz veins in viridine/kanonaite-bearing phyllites of Ordovician age.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Rhenish Massif, EuropeMassif
Stavelot Massif, BelgiumMassif

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571. BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Small rounded crystals (0.5 mm) in dark violet banded shale.
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Andalusite var: Viridine
Formula: (Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Description: Small rounded crystals (0.5 mm) in dark violet banded shale.
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Description: Fe-poor excess-Al clinochlore.
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bernhardt E. -J. et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):703–714 (2005)
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Hollandite Sr-end member up to 60%. Hollandite is intergrown with braunite.
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.
Kanonaite
Formula: Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Description: End-member ferrian kanonaite with formula (Mn3+ 3.69 Fe3+ 0.36) Al 3.95 Si 4.00 O 20 Mn is located in the Jahn-Teller dislocated octahedron of the andalusite-type structure. % Mn3+ increases with decreasing temperature (anticlockwise PTt path of extensional metamorphism).
Reference: Schreyer W., Bernhardt H.-J., Fransolet A.-M., Armbruster Th. (2004)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Retrograde breakdown reaction of less Mn-rich kanonaite.
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Bernhardt E.-J. et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):703–714 (2005)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Replaces kanonaite (rims). Ca/Mg/Ba-bearing muscovite (W. Schreyer et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571. ).
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.
Stavelotite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Bernhardt E.-J. et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):703–714 (2005)
Strontiomelane
Formula: Sr(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Schreyer W. et al. , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 141, Issue 5, 2001, pp. 560-571.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Strontiomelane4.DK.05aSr(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Viridine9.AF.10(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Kanonaite9.AF.10Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Stavelotite-(La) (TL)9.BE.87(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arsenogoyazite42.7.4.3SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kanonaite52.2.2b.2Mn3+Al(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Ardennite-(As)58.3.1.1Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Andalusite
var: Viridine
-(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'-
Stavelotite-(La) (TL)-(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Strontiomelane-Sr(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
H ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
OOxygen
O Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O StrontiomelaneSr(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
O QuartzSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
O ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Al ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Si KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MnManganese
Mn Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn StrontiomelaneSr(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Mn Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
AsArsenic
As Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
As ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
SrStrontium
Sr StrontiomelaneSr(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Sr ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
LaLanthanum
La Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3160747
Early Devonian sandstone

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{claystone,shale/slate,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Tremadocian
477.7 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2608890

Age: Early Ordovician (477.7 - 485.4 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Comments: Salm-Schichten, High Fens

Lithology: Argillaceous slate and/or schist, quartzite

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Schreyer, W., Fransolet, A.-M., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2001): Hollandite-strontiomelane solid solutions coexisting with kanonaite and braunite in late quartz veins of the Stavelot Massif, Ardennes, Belgium. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 141, 560-571.
- E.-J. Bernhardt et al. (2005): European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 703–714.
- Schreyer W., Bernhardt H.-J., Fransolet A.-M. and Armbruster T. (2004): End-member ferrian kanonaite: an andalusite phase with one Al fully replaced by (Mn, Fe)3+ in a quartz vein from the Ardennes mountains, Belgium, and its origin. Contr. Miner. Petrol., 147, 276-287.
BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48


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