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Talvivaara Sotkamo mine (Kolmisoppi deposit), Sotkamo, Kainuu, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Talvivaara Sotkamo mine (Kolmisoppi deposit)Mine
SotkamoMunicipality
KainuuRegion
FinlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Taattola
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 58' 0'' North , 28° 4' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.96670,28.06860
GeoHash:G#: ue7gysycj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Black schist-hosted low-grade Ni-Cu-Zn deposit mined since 2008.
Uranium is also extracted as a byproduct.

Located 20 km SW from Sotkamo, 27 km SE from Kajaani and about 3 km from the Kuusilampi deposit.

Owned by Talvivaara Mining Company Plc.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,320 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 40th Annual Meeting, Houghton, MI, v. 40, part 4,; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 40th Annual Meeting, Houghton, MI, v. 40, part 4,; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 40th Annual Meeting, Houghton, MI, v. 40, part 4,; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, K. and Sorjonen-Ward, P. (eds.) ORE DEPOSITS IN EASTERN FINLAND. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas — Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 42; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/kolmisoppi.htm; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Andreï Lecomte, Michel Cathelineau, Etienne Deloule, Marc Brouand, Chantal Peiffert, Kirsti Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, Esa Pohjolainen, Hannu Lahtinen (2014). Uraniferous bitumen nodules in the Talvivaara Ni-Zn-Cu-Co deposit (Finland): influence of metamorphism on uranium mineralization in black shales. Mineralium Deposita April 2014 Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 513–533.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kari A. Kinnunen (ed.) (2017). Gemstones of Finland, Geological Survey of Finland, Volume: 98, Special Publications.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stannite'2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
'Ullmannite'2.EB.25NiSbS
'Violarite'2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Tremolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Zoisite'9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 637996
Sedimentary; Clastic: continental

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Quartzite, conglomerate, grit, tillite; minor arkose, mica schist, diabase, metabasalt, tuffite, gneiss, marble

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3159087
Proterozoic I mica

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor{meta-sandstone,schist group,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185058
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Karelian Domain

Lithology: Mica schist; metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Der Spiegel 44/2012, 122-123 (in German)
- Kirsti Loukola-Ruskeeniemi, Hannu Lahtinen (2013): Multiphase evolution in the black-shale-hosted Ni–Cu–Zn–Co deposit at Talvivaara, Finland. Ore Geology Reviews 52, 85–99.
- Kontinen, A., Hanski, E. (2015): The Talvivaara Black Shale-Hosted Ni-Zn-Cu-Co Deposit in Eastern Finland. Chapter ... in "Mineral Deposits of Finland".

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